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petermore about peter


  5  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Peter  \Pet"er\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Petered};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Petering}.]  [Etymol.  uncertain.] 
  To  become  exhausted;  to  run  out  to  fail  --  used  generally 
  with  out  as  that  mine  has  petered  out  [Slang,  U.S.] 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Peter  \Pe"ter\,  n. 
  A  common  baptismal  name  for  a  man.  The  name  of  one  of  the 
  {Peter  boat},  a  fishing  boat,  sharp  at  both  ends  originally 
  of  the  Baltic  Sea,  but  now  common  in  certain  English 
  {Peter  Funk},  the  auctioneer  in  a  mock  auction.  [Cant,  U.S.] 
  {Peter  pence},  or  {Peter's  pence}. 
  a  An  annual  tax  or  tribute,  formerly  paid  by  the  English 
  people  to  the  pope,  being  a  penny  for  every  house, 
  payable  on  Lammas  or  St.Peter's  day  --  called  also  {Rome 
  scot},  and  {hearth  money}. 
  b  In  modern  times,  a  voluntary  contribution  made  by  Roman 
  Catholics  to  the  private  purse  of  the  pope. 
  {Peter's  fish}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  haddock;  --  so  called  because 
  the  black  spots,  one  on  each  side  behind  the  gills,  are 
  traditionally  said  to  have  been  caused  by  the  fingers  of 
  St  Peter,  when  he  caught  the  fish  to  pay  the  tribute.  The 
  name  is  applied,  also  to  other  fishes  having  similar 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  disciple  of  Jesus;  regarded  by  Catholics  as  the  vicar  of 
  Christ  on  earth  [syn:  {Peter},  {Saint  Peter},  {St  Peter}, 
  {Saint  Peter  the  Apostle}] 
  2:  obscene  terms  for  penis  [syn:  {cock},  {prick},  {dick},  {shaft}, 
  {pecker},  {tool}] 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  originally  called  Simon  (=Simeon  ,i.e.,  "hearing"),  a  very 
  common  Jewish  name  in  the  New  Testament.  He  was  the  son  of  Jona 
  (Matt.  16:17).  His  mother  is  nowhere  named  in  Scripture.  He  had 
  a  younger  brother  called  Andrew,  who  first  brought  him  to  Jesus 
  (John  1:40-42).  His  native  town  was  Bethsaida,  on  the  western 
  coast  of  the  Sea  of  Galilee,  to  which  also  Philip  belonged.  Here 
  he  was  brought  up  by  the  shores  of  the  Sea  of  Galilee,  and  was 
  trained  to  the  occupation  of  a  fisher.  His  father  had  probably 
  died  while  he  was  still  young,  and  he  and  his  brother  were 
  brought  up  under  the  care  of  Zebedee  and  his  wife  Salome  (Matt. 
  27:56;  Mark  15:40;  16:1).  There  the  four  youths,  Simon,  Andrew, 
  James,  and  John,  spent  their  boyhood  and  early  manhood  in 
  constant  fellowship.  Simon  and  his  brother  doubtless  enjoyed  all 
  the  advantages  of  a  religious  training,  and  were  early 
  instructed  in  an  acquaintance  with  the  Scriptures  and  with  the 
  great  prophecies  regarding  the  coming  of  the  Messiah.  They  did 
  not  probably  enjoy,  however,  any  special  training  in  the  study 
  of  the  law  under  any  of  the  rabbis.  When  Peter  appeared  before 
  the  Sanhedrin,  he  looked  like  an  "unlearned  man"  (Acts  4:13). 
  "Simon  was  a  Galilean,  and  he  was  that  out  and  out...The 
  Galileans  had  a  marked  character  of  their  own  They  had  a 
  reputation  for  an  independence  and  energy  which  often  ran  out 
  into  turbulence.  They  were  at  the  same  time  of  a  franker  and 
  more  transparent  disposition  than  their  brethren  in  the  south. 
  In  all  these  respects,  in  bluntness,  impetuosity,  headiness,  and 
  simplicity,  Simon  was  a  genuine  Galilean.  They  spoke  a  peculiar 
  dialect.  They  had  a  difficulty  with  the  guttural  sounds  and  some 
  others  and  their  pronunciation  was  reckoned  harsh  in  Judea.  The 
  Galilean  accent  stuck  to  Simon  all  through  his  career.  It 
  betrayed  him  as  a  follower  of  Christ  when  he  stood  within  the 
  judgment-hall  (Mark  14:70).  It  betrayed  his  own  nationality  and 
  that  of  those  conjoined  with  him  on  the  day  of  Pentecost  (Acts 
  2:7)."  It  would  seem  that  Simon  was  married  before  he  became  an 
  apostle.  His  wife's  mother  is  referred  to  (Matt.  8:14;  Mark 
  1:30;  Luke  4:38).  He  was  in  all  probability  accompanied  by  his 
  wife  on  his  missionary  journeys  (1  Cor.  9:5;  comp.  1  Pet.  5:13). 
  He  appears  to  have  been  settled  at  Capernaum  when  Christ 
  entered  on  his  public  ministry,  and  may  have  reached  beyond  the 
  age  of  thirty.  His  house  was  large  enough  to  give  a  home  to  his 
  brother  Andrew,  his  wife's  mother,  and  also  to  Christ,  who  seems 
  to  have  lived  with  him  (Mark  1:29,  36;  2:1),  as  well  as  to  his 
  own  family.  It  was  apparently  two  stories  high  (2:4). 
  At  Bethabara  (R.V.,  John  1:28,  "Bethany"),  beyond  Jordan,  John 
  the  Baptist  had  borne  testimony  concerning  Jesus  as  the  "Lamb  of 
  God"  (John  1:29-36).  Andrew  and  John  hearing  it  followed  Jesus, 
  and  abode  with  him  where  he  was  They  were  convinced,  by  his 
  gracious  words  and  by  the  authority  with  which  he  spoke,  that  he 
  was  the  Messiah  (Luke  4:22;  Matt.  7:29);  and  Andrew  went  forth 
  and  found  Simon  and  brought  him  to  Jesus  (John  1:41). 
  Jesus  at  once  recognized  Simon,  and  declared  that  hereafter  he 
  would  be  called  Cephas,  an  Aramaic  name  corresponding  to  the 
  Greek  Petros,  which  means  "a  mass  of  rock  detached  from  the 
  living  rock."  The  Aramaic  name  does  not  occur  again  but  the 
  name  Peter  gradually  displaces  the  old  name  Simon,  though  our 
  Lord  himself  always  uses  the  name  Simon  when  addressing  him 
  (Matt.  17:25;  Mark  14:37;  Luke  22:31,  comp.  21:15-17).  We  are 
  not  told  what  impression  the  first  interview  with  Jesus  produced 
  on  the  mind  of  Simon.  When  we  next  meet  him  it  is  by  the  Sea  of 
  Galilee  (Matt.  4:18-22).  There  the  four  (Simon  and  Andrew,  James 
  and  John)  had  had  an  unsuccessful  night's  fishing.  Jesus 
  appeared  suddenly,  and  entering  into  Simon's  boat,  bade  him 
  launch  forth  and  let  down  the  nets.  He  did  so  and  enclosed  a 
  great  multitude  of  fishes.  This  was  plainly  a  miracle  wrought 
  before  Simon's  eyes.  The  awe-stricken  disciple  cast  himself  at 
  the  feet  of  Jesus,  crying,  "Depart  from  me  for  I  am  a  sinful 
  man,  O  Lord"  (Luke  5:8).  Jesus  addressed  him  with  the  assuring 
  words  "Fear  not,"  and  announced  to  him  his  life's  work  Simon 
  responded  at  once  to  the  call  to  become  a  disciple,  and  after 
  this  we  find  him  in  constant  attendance  on  our  Lord. 
  He  is  next  called  into  the  rank  of  the  apostleship,  and 
  becomes  a  "fisher  of  men"  (Matt.  4:19)  in  the  stormy  seas  of  the 
  world  of  human  life  (Matt.  10:2-4;  Mark  3:13-19;  Luke  6:13-16), 
  and  takes  a  more  and  more  prominent  part  in  all  the  leading 
  events  of  our  Lord's  life.  It  is  he  who  utters  that  notable 
  profession  of  faith  at  Capernaum  (John  6:66-69),  and  again  at 
  Caesarea  Philippi  (Matt.  16:13-20;  Mark  8:27-30;  Luke  9:18-20). 
  This  profession  at  Caesarea  was  one  of  supreme  importance,  and 
  our  Lord  in  response  used  these  memorable  words:  "Thou  art 
  Peter,  and  upon  this  rock  I  will  build  my  church." 
  "From  that  time  forth"  Jesus  began  to  speak  of  his  sufferings. 
  For  this  Peter  rebuked  him  But  our  Lord  in  return  rebuked 
  Peter,  speaking  to  him  in  sterner  words  than  he  ever  used  to  any 
  other  of  his  disciples  (Matt.  16:21-23;  Mark  8:31-33).  At  the 
  close  of  his  brief  sojourn  at  Caesarea  our  Lord  took  Peter  and 
  James  and  John  with  him  into  "an  high  mountain  apart,"  and  was 
  transfigured  before  them  Peter  on  that  occasion,  under  the 
  impression  the  scene  produced  on  his  mind,  exclaimed,  "Lord,  it 
  is  good  for  us  to  be  here:  let  us  make  three  tabernacles"  (Matt. 
  On  his  return  to  Capernaum  the  collectors  of  the  temple  tax  (a 
  didrachma,  half  a  sacred  shekel),  which  every  Israelite  of 
  twenty  years  old  and  upwards  had  to  pay  (Ex.  30:15),  came  to 
  Peter  and  reminded  him  that  Jesus  had  not  paid  it  (Matt. 
  17:24-27).  Our  Lord  instructed  Peter  to  go  and  catch  a  fish  in 
  the  lake  and  take  from  its  mouth  the  exact  amount  needed  for  the 
  tax,  viz.,  a  stater,  or  two  half-shekels.  "That  take,"  said  our 
  Lord,  "and  give  unto  them  for  me  and  thee." 
  As  the  end  was  drawing  nigh,  our  Lord  sent  Peter  and  John 
  (Luke  22:7-13)  into  the  city  to  prepare  a  place  where  he  should 
  keep  the  feast  with  his  disciples.  There  he  was  forewarned  of 
  the  fearful  sin  into  which  he  afterwards  fell  (22:31-34).  He 
  accompanied  our  Lord  from  the  guest-chamber  to  the  garden  of 
  Gethsemane  (Luke  22:39-46),  which  he  and  the  other  two  who  had 
  been  witnesses  of  the  transfiguration  were  permitted  to  enter 
  with  our  Lord,  while  the  rest  were  left  without  Here  he  passed 
  through  a  strange  experience.  Under  a  sudden  impulse  he  cut  off 
  the  ear  of  Malchus  (47-51),  one  of  the  band  that  had  come  forth 
  to  take  Jesus.  Then  follow  the  scenes  of  the  judgment-hall 
  (54-61)  and  his  bitter  grief  (62). 
  He  is  found  in  John's  company  early  on  the  morning  of  the 
  resurrection.  He  boldly  entered  into  the  empty  grave  (John 
  20:1-10),  and  saw  the  "linen  clothes  laid  by  themselves"  (Luke 
  24:9-12).  To  him  the  first  of  the  apostles,  our  risen  Lord 
  revealed  himself,  thus  conferring  on  him  a  signal  honour,  and 
  showing  how  fully  he  was  restored  to  his  favour  (Luke  24:34;  1 
  Cor.  15:5).  We  next  read  of  our  Lord's  singular  interview  with 
  Peter  on  the  shores  of  the  Sea  of  Galilee,  where  he  thrice  asked 
  him  "Simon,  son  of  Jonas,  lovest  thou  me?"  (John  21:1-19).  (See  {LOVE}.) 
  After  this  scene  at  the  lake  we  hear  nothing  of  Peter  till  he 
  again  appears  with  the  others  at  the  ascension  (Acts  1:15-26). 
  It  was  he  who  proposed  that  the  vacancy  caused  by  the  apostasy 
  of  Judas  should  be  filled  up  He  is  prominent  on  the  day  of 
  Pentecost  (2:14-40).  The  events  of  that  day  "completed  the 
  change  in  Peter  himself  which  the  painful  discipline  of  his  fall 
  and  all  the  lengthened  process  of  previous  training  had  been 
  slowly  making.  He  is  now  no  more  the  unreliable,  changeful, 
  self-confident  man,  ever  swaying  between  rash  courage  and  weak 
  timidity,  but  the  stead-fast,  trusted  guide  and  director  of  the 
  fellowship  of  believers,  the  intrepid  preacher  of  Christ  in 
  Jerusalem  and  abroad.  And  now  that  he  is  become  Cephas  indeed, 
  we  hear  almost  nothing  of  the  name  Simon  (only  in  Acts  10:5,  32; 
  15:14),  and  he  is  known  to  us  finally  as  Peter." 
  After  the  miracle  at  the  temple  gate  (Acts  3)  persecution 
  arose  against  the  Christians,  and  Peter  was  cast  into  prison.  He 
  boldly  defended  himself  and  his  companions  at  the  bar  of  the 
  council  (4:19,  20).  A  fresh  outburst  of  violence  against  the 
  Christians  (5:17-21)  led  to  the  whole  body  of  the  apostles  being 
  cast  into  prison;  but  during  the  night  they  were  wonderfully 
  delivered,  and  were  found  in  the  morning  teaching  in  the  temple. 
  A  second  time  Peter  defended  them  before  the  council  (Acts 
  5:29-32),  who  "when  they  had  called  the  apostles  and  beaten 
  them  let  them  go." 
  The  time  had  come  for  Peter  to  leave  Jerusalem.  After 
  labouring  for  some  time  in  Samaria,  he  returned  to  Jerusalem, 
  and  reported  to  the  church  there  the  results  of  his  work  (Acts 
  8:14-25).  Here  he  remained  for  a  period,  during  which  he  met 
  Paul  for  the  first  time  since  his  conversion  (9:26-30;  Gal. 
  1:18).  Leaving  Jerusalem  again  he  went  forth  on  a  missionary 
  journey  to  Lydda  and  Joppa  (Acts  9:32-43).  He  is  next  called  on 
  to  open  the  door  of  the  Christian  church  to  the  Gentiles  by  the 
  admission  of  Cornelius  of  Caesarea  (ch.  10). 
  After  remaining  for  some  time  at  Caesarea,  he  returned  to 
  Jerusalem  (Acts  11:1-18),  where  he  defended  his  conduct  with 
  reference  to  the  Gentiles.  Next  we  hear  of  his  being  cast  into 
  prison  by  Herod  Agrippa  (12:1-19);  but  in  the  night  an  angel  of 
  the  Lord  opened  the  prison  gates,  and  he  went  forth  and  found 
  refuge  in  the  house  of  Mary. 
  He  took  part  in  the  deliberations  of  the  council  in  Jerusalem 
  (Acts  15:1-31;  Gal.  2:1-10)  regarding  the  relation  of  the 
  Gentiles  to  the  church.  This  subject  had  awakened  new  interest 
  at  Antioch,  and  for  its  settlement  was  referred  to  the  council 
  of  the  apostles  and  elders  at  Jerusalem.  Here  Paul  and  Peter  met 
  We  have  no  further  mention  of  Peter  in  the  Acts  of  the 
  Apostles.  He  seems  to  have  gone  down  to  Antioch  after  the 
  council  at  Jerusalem,  and  there  to  have  been  guilty  of 
  dissembling,  for  which  he  was  severely  reprimanded  by  Paul  (Gal. 
  2:11-16),  who  "rebuked  him  to  his  face." 
  After  this  he  appears  to  have  carried  the  gospel  to  the  east, 
  and  to  have  laboured  for  a  while  at  Babylon,  on  the  Euphrates  (1 
  Pet.  5:13).  There  is  no  satisfactory  evidence  that  he  was  ever 
  at  Rome.  Where  or  when  he  died  is  not  certainly  known  Probably 
  he  died  between  A.D.  64  and  67. 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Peter,  a  rock  or  stone 

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