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stonemore about stone


  8  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Stone  \Stone\,  n.  [OE.  ston,  stan,  AS  st[=a]n;  akin  to  OS  & 
  OFries  st[=e]n,  D.  steen,  G.  stein,  Icel.  steinn,  Sw  sten, 
  Dan.  steen,  Goth.  stains,  Russ.  stiena  a  wall,  Gr  ?,  ?,  a 
  pebble.  [root]167.  Cf  {Steen}.] 
  1.  Concreted  earthy  or  mineral  matter;  also  any  particular 
  mass  of  such  matter;  as  a  house  built  of  stone;  the  boy 
  threw  a  stone;  pebbles  are  rounded  stones.  ``Dumb  as  a 
  stone.''  --Chaucer. 
  They  had  brick  for  stone,  and  slime  .  .  .  for 
  mortar.  --Gen.  xi  3. 
  Note:  In  popular  language,  very  large  masses  of  stone  are 
  called  rocks;  small  masses  are  called  stones;  and  the 
  finer  kinds,  gravel,  or  sand,  or  grains  of  sand.  Stone 
  is  much  and  widely  used  in  the  construction  of 
  buildings  of  all  kinds,  for  walls,  fences,  piers, 
  abutments,  arches,  monuments,  sculpture,  and  the  like 
  2.  A  precious  stone;  a  gem.  ``Many  a  rich  stone.''  --Chaucer. 
  ``Inestimable  stones,  unvalued  jewels.''  --Shak. 
  3.  Something  made  of  stone.  Specifically: 
  a  The  glass  of  a  mirror;  a  mirror.  [Obs.] 
  Lend  me  a  looking-glass;  If  that  her  breath  will 
  mist  or  stain  the  stone,  Why,  then  she  lives. 
  b  A  monument  to  the  dead;  a  gravestone.  --Gray. 
  Should  some  relenting  eye  Glance  on  the  where 
  our  cold  relics  lie.  --Pope. 
  4.  (Med.)  A  calculous  concretion,  especially  one  in  the 
  kidneys  or  bladder;  the  disease  arising  from  a  calculus. 
  5.  One  of  the  testes;  a  testicle.  --Shak. 
  6.  (Bot.)  The  hard  endocarp  of  drupes;  as  the  stone  of  a 
  cherry  or  peach.  See  Illust.  of  {Endocarp}. 
  7.  A  weight  which  legally  is  fourteen  pounds,  but  in  practice 
  varies  with  the  article  weighed.  [Eng.] 
  Note:  The  stone  of  butchers'  meat  or  fish  is  reckoned  at  8 
  lbs.;  of  cheese,  16  lbs.;  of  hemp,  32  lbs.;  of  glass,  5 
  8.  Fig.:  Symbol  of  hardness  and  insensibility;  torpidness; 
  insensibility;  as  a  heart  of  stone. 
  I  have  not  yet  forgot  myself  to  stone.  --Pope. 
  9.  (Print.)  A  stand  or  table  with  a  smooth,  flat  top  of 
  stone,  commonly  marble,  on  which  to  arrange  the  pages  of  a 
  book,  newspaper,  etc.,  before  printing;  --  called  also 
  {imposing  stone}. 
  Note:  Stone  is  used  adjectively  or  in  composition  with  other 
  words  to  denote  made  of  stone,  containing  a  stone  or 
  stones,  employed  on  stone,  or  more  generally,  of  or 
  pertaining  to  stone  or  stones;  as  stone  fruit,  or 
  stone-fruit;  stone-hammer,  or  stone  hammer;  stone 
  falcon,  or  stone-falcon.  Compounded  with  some 
  adjectives  it  denotes  a  degree  of  the  quality  expressed 
  by  the  adjective  equal  to  that  possessed  by  a  stone; 
  as  stone-dead,  stone-blind,  stone-cold,  stone-still, 
  {Atlantic  stone},  ivory.  [Obs.]  ``Citron  tables,  or  Atlantic 
  stone.''  --Milton. 
  {Bowing  stone}.  Same  as  {Cromlech}.  --Encyc.  Brit. 
  {Meteoric  stones},  stones  which  fall  from  the  atmosphere,  as 
  after  the  explosion  of  a  meteor. 
  {Philosopher's  stone}.  See  under  {Philosopher}. 
  {Rocking  stone}.  See  {Rocking-stone}. 
  {Stone  age},  a  supposed  prehistoric  age  of  the  world  when 
  stone  and  bone  were  habitually  used  as  the  materials  for 
  weapons  and  tools;  --  called  also  {flint  age}.  The  {bronze 
  age}  succeeded  to  this 
  {Stone  bass}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  several  species  of  marine 
  food  fishes  of  the  genus  {Serranus}  and  allied  genera,  as 
  {Serranus  Couchii},  and  {Polyprion  cernium}  of  Europe;  -- 
  called  also  {sea  perch}. 
  {Stone  biter}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  wolf  fish. 
  {Stone  boiling},  a  method  of  boiling  water  or  milk  by 
  dropping  hot  stones  into  it  --  in  use  among  savages. 
  {Stone  borer}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  animal  that  bores  stones; 
  especially,  one  of  certain  bivalve  mollusks  which  burrow 
  in  limestone.  See  {Lithodomus},  and  {Saxicava}. 
  {Stone  bramble}  (Bot.),  a  European  trailing  species  of 
  bramble  ({Rubus  saxatilis}). 
  {Stone-break}.  [Cf.  G.  steinbrech.]  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the 
  genus  {Saxifraga};  saxifrage. 
  {Stone  bruise},  a  sore  spot  on  the  bottom  of  the  foot,  from  a 
  bruise  by  a  stone. 
  {Stone  canal}.  (Zo["o]l.)  Same  as  {Sand  canal},  under  {Sand}. 
  {Stone  cat}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  several  species  of  small 
  fresh-water  North  American  catfishes  of  the  genus 
  {Noturus}.  They  have  sharp  pectoral  spines  with  which  they 
  inflict  painful  wounds. 
  {Stone  coal},  hard  coal;  mineral  coal;  anthracite  coal. 
  {Stone  coral}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  hard  calcareous  coral. 
  {Stone  crab}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  large  crab  ({Menippe  mercenaria})  found  on  the 
  southern  coast  of  the  United  States  and  much  used  as 
  b  A  European  spider  crab  ({Lithodes  maia}). 
  {Stone  crawfish}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  European  crawfish  ({Astacus 
  torrentium}),  by  many  writers  considered  only  a  variety  of 
  the  common  species  ({A.  fluviatilis}). 
  {Stone  curlew}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  large  plover  found  in  Europe  ({Edicnemus 
  crepitans}).  It  frequents  stony  places.  Called  also 
  {thick-kneed  plover}  or  {bustard},  and  {thick-knee}. 
  b  The  whimbrel.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  c  The  willet.  [Local,  U.S.] 
  {Stone  crush}.  Same  as  {Stone  bruise},  above. 
  {Stone  eater}.  (Zo["o]l.)  Same  as  {Stone  borer},  above. 
  {Stone  falcon}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  merlin. 
  {Stone  fern}  (Bot.),  a  European  fern  ({Asplenium  Ceterach}) 
  which  grows  on  rocks  and  walls. 
  {Stone  fly}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  many  species  of 
  pseudoneuropterous  insects  of  the  genus  {Perla}  and  allied 
  genera;  a  perlid.  They  are  often  used  by  anglers  for  bait. 
  The  larv[ae]  are  aquatic. 
  {Stone  fruit}  (Bot.),  any  fruit  with  a  stony  endocarp;  a 
  drupe,  as  a  peach,  plum,  or  cherry. 
  {Stone  grig}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  mud  lamprey,  or  pride. 
  {Stone  hammer},  a  hammer  formed  with  a  face  at  one  end  and  a 
  thick,  blunt  edge,  parallel  with  the  handle,  at  the  other 
  --  used  for  breaking  stone. 
  {Stone  hawk}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  merlin;  --  so  called  from  its 
  habit  of  sitting  on  bare  stones. 
  {Stone  jar},  a  jar  made  of  stoneware. 
  {Stone  lily}  (Paleon.),  a  fossil  crinoid. 
  {Stone  lugger}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Stone  roller},  below. 
  {Stone  marten}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  European  marten  ({Mustela 
  foina})  allied  to  the  pine  marten,  but  having  a  white 
  throat;  --  called  also  {beech  marten}. 
  {Stone  mason},  a  mason  who  works  or  builds  in  stone. 
  {Stone-mortar}  (Mil.),  a  kind  of  large  mortar  formerly  used 
  in  sieges  for  throwing  a  mass  of  small  stones  short 
  {Stone  oil},  rock  oil,  petroleum. 
  {Stone  parsley}  (Bot.),  an  umbelliferous  plant  ({Seseli 
  Labanotis}).  See  under  {Parsley}. 
  {Stone  pine}.  (Bot.)  A  nut  pine.  See  the  Note  under  {Pine}, 
  and  {Pi[~n]on}. 
  {Stone  pit},  a  quarry  where  stones  are  dug. 
  {Stone  pitch},  hard,  inspissated  pitch. 
  {Stone  plover}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  European  stone  curlew. 
  b  Any  one  of  several  species  of  Asiatic  plovers  of  the 
  genus  {Esacus};  as  the  large  stone  plover  ({E. 
  c  The  gray  or  black-bellied  plover.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  d  The  ringed  plover. 
  e  The  bar-tailed  godwit.  [Prov.  Eng.]  Also  applied  to 
  other  species  of  limicoline  birds. 
  {Stone  roller}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  An  American  fresh-water  fish  ({Catostomus  nigricans}) 
  of  the  Sucker  family.  Its  color  is  yellowish  olive, 
  often  with  dark  blotches.  Called  also  {stone  lugger}, 
  {stone  toter},  {hog  sucker},  {hog  mullet}. 
  b  A  common  American  cyprinoid  fish  ({Campostoma 
  anomalum});  --  called  also  {stone  lugger}. 
  {Stone's  cast},  or  {Stone's  throw},  the  distance  to  which  a 
  stone  may  be  thrown  by  the  hand. 
  {Stone  snipe}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  greater  yellowlegs,  or  tattler. 
  [Local,  U.S.] 
  {Stone  toter}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  See  {Stone  roller} 
  (a),  above. 
  b  A  cyprinoid  fish  ({Exoglossum  maxillingua})  found  in 
  the  rivers  from  Virginia  to  New  York.  It  has  a 
  three-lobed  lower  lip;  --  called  also  {cutlips}. 
  {To  leave  no  stone  unturned},  to  do  everything  that  can  be 
  done  to  use  all  practicable  means  to  effect  an  object. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Stone  \Stone\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Stoned};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Stoning}.]  [From  {Stone},  n.:  cf  AS  st?nan,  Goth. 
  1.  To  pelt,  beat  or  kill  with  stones. 
  And  they  stoned  Stephen,  calling  upon  God,  and 
  saying,  Lord  Jesus,  receive  my  spirit.  --Acts  vii. 
  2.  To  make  like  stone;  to  harden. 
  O  perjured  woman!  thou  dost  stone  my  heart.  --Shak. 
  3.  To  free  from  stones;  also  to  remove  the  seeds  of  as  to 
  stone  a  field;  to  stone  cherries;  to  stone  raisins. 
  4.  To  wall  or  face  with  stones;  to  line  or  fortify  with 
  stones;  as  to  stone  a  well  to  stone  a  cellar. 
  5.  To  rub,  scour,  or  sharpen  with  a  stone. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Perch  \Perch\  (p[~e]rch),  n.  [Written  also  {pearch}.]  [OE. 
  perche,  F.  perche,  L.  perca,  fr  Gr  pe`rkh;  cf  perkno`s 
  dark-colored,  Skr.  p[.r][,c]ni  spotted,  speckled,  and  E. 
  freckle.]  (Zo["o]l.) 
  1.  Any  fresh-water  fish  of  the  genus  Perca  and  of  several 
  other  allied  genera  of  the  family  {Percid[ae]},  as  the 
  common  American  or  yellow  perch  ({Perca  flavescens,  or 
  Americana}),  and  the  European  perch  ({P.  fluviatilis}). 
  2.  Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  spiny-finned  fishes 
  belonging  to  the  {Percid[ae]},  {Serranid[ae]},  and  related 
  families,  and  resembling,  more  or  less  the  true  perches. 
  {Black  perch}. 
  a  The  black  bass. 
  b  The  flasher. 
  c  The  sea  bass. 
  {Blue  perch},  the  cunner. 
  {Gray  perch},  the  fresh-water  drum. 
  {Red  perch},  the  rosefish. 
  {Red-bellied  perch},  the  long-eared  pondfish. 
  {Perch  pest},  a  small  crustacean,  parasitic  in  the  mouth  of 
  the  perch. 
  {Silver  perch},  the  yellowtail. 
  {Stone},  or  {Striped},  {perch},  the  pope. 
  {White  perch},  the  {Roccus,  or  Morone,  Americanus},  a  small 
  silvery  serranoid  market  fish  of  the  Atlantic  coast. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  adj  :  of  any  of  various  dull  tannish-gray  colors 
  n  1:  a  lump  of  hard  consolidated  mineral  matter;  "he  threw  a  rock 
  at  me"  [syn:  {rock}] 
  2:  a  piece  of  stone  hewn  in  a  definite  shape  for  a  special 
  purpose;  "he  wanted  a  special  stone  to  mark  the  site" 
  3:  material  consisting  of  the  aggregate  of  minerals  like  those 
  making  up  the  Earth's  crust  [syn:  {rock}] 
  4:  small  pellets  of  ice  that  fall  during  a  hailstorm  [syn:  {hailstone}] 
  5:  a  crystalline  rock  that  can  be  cut  and  polished  for  jewelry 
  [syn:  {gem},  {gemstone}] 
  6:  (British)  an  avoirdupois  unit  used  to  measure  the  weight  of 
  a  human  body;  equal  to  14  pounds 
  7:  the  single  central  seed  in  some  fruits  such  as  peaches  and 
  cherries  enclosed  in  a  hard  woody  shell  [syn:  {pit}] 
  v  1:  kill  by  throwing  stones  at  "Adulters  should  be  stoned 
  according  to  the  Koran"  [syn:  {lapidate}] 
  2:  remove  the  pits  from  as  of  certain  fruit  such  as  peaches 
  [syn:  {pit}] 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
  Stone,  ID 
  Zip  code(s):  83280 
  Stone,  KY 
  Zip  code(s):  41567 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
  A  Structured  and  Open  Environment:  a  project  supported  by  the 
  German  Ministry  of  Research  and  Technology  (BMFT)  to  design, 
  implement  and  distribute  a  SEE  for  research  and  teaching. 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  Stones  were  commonly  used  for  buildings,  also  as  memorials  of 
  important  events  (Gen.  28:18;  Josh.  24:26,  27;  1  Sam.  7:12, 
  etc.).  They  were  gathered  out  of  cultivated  fields  (Isa.  5:2; 
  comp.  2  Kings  3:19).  This  word  is  also  used  figuratively  of 
  believers  (1  Pet.  2:4,  5),  and  of  the  Messiah  (Ps.  118:22;  Isa. 
  28:16;  Matt.  21:42;  Acts  4:11,  etc.).  In  Dan.  2:45  it  refers 
  also  to  the  Messiah.  He  is  there  described  as  "cut  out  of  the 
  mountain."  (See  {ROCK}.) 
  A  "heart  of  stone"  denotes  great  insensibility  (1  Sam.  25:37). 
  Stones  were  set  up  to  commemorate  remarkable  events,  as  by 
  Jacob  at  Bethel  (Gen.  28:18),  at  Padan-aram  (35:4),  and  on  the 
  occasion  of  parting  with  Laban  (31:45-47);  by  Joshua  at  the 
  place  on  the  banks  of  the  Jordan  where  the  people  first  lodged" 
  after  crossing  the  river  (Josh.  6:8),  and  also  in  "the  midst  of 
  Jordan,"  where  he  erected  another  set  of  twelve  stones  (4:1-9); 
  and  by  Samuel  at  Ebenezer"  (1  Sam.  7:12). 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
  STructured  and  OpeN  Environment  (FZI  Karlsruhe,  Germany) 

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