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winemore about wine


  4  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Wine  \Wine\,  n.  [OE.  win,  AS  win,  fr  L.  vinum  (cf.  Icel. 
  v[=i]n;  all  from  the  Latin);  akin  to  Gr  o'i^nos,  ?,  and  E. 
  withy.  Cf  {Vine},  {Vineyard},  {Vinous},  {Withy}.] 
  1.  The  expressed  juice  of  grapes,  esp.  when  fermented;  a 
  beverage  or  liquor  prepared  from  grapes  by  squeezing  out 
  their  juice,  and  (usually)  allowing  it  to  ferment.  ``Red 
  wine  of  Gascoigne.''  --Piers  Plowman. 
  Wine  is  a  mocker,  strong  drink  is  raging,  and 
  whosoever  is  deceived  thereby  is  not  wise.  --Prov. 
  xx  1. 
  Bacchus,  that  first  from  out  the  purple  grape 
  Crushed  the  sweet  poison  of  misused  wine.  --Milton. 
  Note:  Wine  is  essentially  a  dilute  solution  of  ethyl  alcohol, 
  containing  also  certain  small  quantities  of  ethers  and 
  ethereal  salts  which  give  character  and  bouquet. 
  According  to  their  color,  strength,  taste,  etc.,  wines 
  are  called  {red},  {white},  {spirituous},  {dry}, 
  {light},  {still},  etc 
  2.  A  liquor  or  beverage  prepared  from  the  juice  of  any  fruit 
  or  plant  by  a  process  similar  to  that  for  grape  wine;  as 
  currant  wine;  gooseberry  wine;  palm  wine. 
  3.  The  effect  of  drinking  wine  in  excess;  intoxication. 
  Noah  awoke  from  his  wine.  --Gen.  ix  24. 
  {Birch  wine},  {Cape  wine},  etc  See  under  {Birch},  {Cape}, 
  {Spirit  of  wine}.  See  under  {Spirit}. 
  {To  have  drunk  wine  of  ape}  or  {wine  ape},  to  be  so  drunk  as 
  to  be  foolish.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer. 
  {Wine  acid}.  (Chem.)  See  {Tartaric  acid},  under  {Tartaric}. 
  {Wine  apple}  (Bot.),  a  large  red  apple,  with  firm  flesh  and  a 
  rich,  vinous  flavor. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  fermented  juice  (of  grapes  especially)  [syn:  {vino}] 
  2:  a  red  as  dark  as  red  wine  [syn:  {wine-colored}] 
  v  :  drink  wine 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  The  common  Hebrew  word  for  wine  is  _yayin_,  from  a  root  meaning 
  "to  boil  up,"  "to  be  in  a  ferment."  Others  derive  it  from  a  root 
  meaning  "to  tread  out,"  and  hence  the  juice  of  the  grape  trodden 
  out  The  Greek  word  for  wine  is  _oinos_,  and  the  Latin  _vinun_. 
  But  besides  this  common  Hebrew  word  there  are  several  others 
  which  are  thus  rendered. 
  (1.)  Ashishah  (2  Sam.  6:19;  1  Chr.  16:3;  Cant.  2:5;  Hos.  3:1), 
  which  however,  rather  denotes  a  solid  cake  of  pressed  grapes, 
  or  as  in  the  Revised  Version,  a  cake  of  raisins. 
  (2.)  'Asis,  "sweet  wine,"  or  "new  wine,"  the  product  of  the 
  same  year  (Cant.  8:2;  Isa.  49:26;  Joel  1:5;  3:18;  Amos  9:13), 
  from  a  root  meaning  "to  tread,"  hence  juice  trodden  out  or 
  pressed  out  thus  referring  to  the  method  by  which  the  juice  is 
  obtained.  The  power  of  intoxication  is  ascribed  to  it 
  (3.)  Hometz  See  {VINEGAR}. 
  (4.)  Hemer,  Deut.  32:14  (rendered  "blood  of  the  grape")  Isa. 
  27:2  ("red  wine"),  Ezra  6:9;  7:22;  Dan.  5:1,  2,  4.  This  word 
  conveys  the  idea  of  "foaming,"  as  in  the  process  of 
  fermentation,  or  when  poured  out  It  is  derived  from  the  root 
  _hamar_,  meaning  "to  boil  up,"  and  also  "to  be  red,"  from  the 
  idea  of  boiling  or  becoming  inflamed. 
  (5.)  'Enabh,  a  grape  (Deut.  32:14).  The  last  clause  of  this 
  verse  should  be  rendered  as  in  the  Revised  Version,  "and  of  the 
  blood  of  the  grape  ['enabh]  thou  drankest  wine  [hemer]."  In  Hos. 
  3:1  the  phrase  in  Authorized  Version,  "flagons  of  wine,"  is  in 
  the  Revised  Version  correctly  "cakes  of  raisins."  (Comp.  Gen. 
  49:11;  Num.  6:3;  Deut.  23:24,  etc.,  where  this  Hebrew  word  is 
  rendered  in  the  plural  "grapes.") 
  (6.)  Mesekh  properly  a  mixture  of  wine  and  water  with  spices 
  that  increase  its  stimulating  properties  (Isa.  5:22).  Ps  75:8, 
  "The  wine  [yayin]  is  red;  it  is  full  of  mixture  [mesekh];"  Prov. 
  23:30,  "mixed  wine;"  Isa.  65:11,  "drink  offering"  (R.V., 
  "mingled  wine"). 
  (7.)  Tirosh  properly  "must,"  translated  wine"  (Deut.  28:51); 
  "new  wine"  (Prov.  3:10);  "sweet  wine"  (Micah  6:15;  R.V., 
  "vintage").  This  Hebrew  word  has  been  traced  to  a  root  meaning 
  "to  take  possession  of"  and  hence  it  is  supposed  that  tirosh  is 
  so  designated  because  in  intoxicating  it  takes  possession  of  the 
  brain.  Among  the  blessings  promised  to  Esau  (Gen.  27:28)  mention 
  is  made  of  "plenty  of  corn  and  tirosh."  Palestine  is  called  "a 
  land  of  corn  and  tirosh"  (Deut.  33:28;  comp.  Isa.  36:17).  See 
  also  Deut.  28:51;  2  Chr.  32:28;  Joel  2:19;  Hos.  4:11,  ("wine 
  [yayin]  and  new  wine  [tirosh]  take  away  the  heart"). 
  (8.)  Sobhe  (root  meaning  "to  drink  to  excess,"  "to  suck  up," 
  "absorb"),  found  only  in  Isa.  1:22,  Hos.  4:18  ("their  drink;" 
  Gesen.  and  marg.  of  R.V.,  "their  carouse"),  and  Nah.  1:10 
  ("drunken  as  drunkards;"  lit.,  "soaked  according  to  their 
  drink;"  R.V.,  "drenched,  as  it  were  in  their  drink",  i.e., 
  according  to  their  sobhe). 
  (9.)  Shekar,  "strong  drink,"  any  intoxicating  liquor;  from  a 
  root  meaning  "to  drink  deeply,"  "to  be  drunken",  a  generic  term 
  applied  to  all  fermented  liquors,  however  obtained.  Num.  28:7, 
  "strong  wine"  (R.V.,  "strong  drink").  It  is  sometimes 
  distinguished  from  wine,  c.g.,  Lev.  10:9,  "Do  not  drink  wine 
  [yayin]  nor  strong  drink  [shekar];"  Num.  6:3;  Judg.  13:4,  7; 
  Isa.  28:7  (in  all  these  places  rendered  "strong  drink"). 
  Translated  "strong  drink"  also  in  Isa.  5:11;  24:9;  29:9;  56:12; 
  Prov.  20:1;  31:6;  Micah  2:11. 
  (10.)  Yekebh  (Deut.  16:13,  but  in  R.V.  correctly 
  "wine-press"),  a  vat  into  which  the  new  wine  flowed  from  the 
  press.  Joel  2:24,  "their  vats;"  3:13,  "the  fats;"  Prov.  3:10, 
  "Thy  presses  shall  burst  out  with  new  wine  [tirosh];"  Hag.  2:16; 
  Jer.  48:33,  "wine-presses;"  2  Kings  6:27;  Job.  24:11. 
  (11.)  Shemarim  (only  in  plural),  lees"  or  dregs"  of  wine.  In 
  Isa.  25:6  it  is  rendered  "wines  on  the  lees",  i.e.,  wine  that 
  has  been  kept  on  the  lees,  and  therefore  old  wine. 
  (12.)  Mesek,  "a  mixture,"  mixed  or  spiced  wine,  not  diluted 
  with  water,  but  mixed  with  drugs  and  spices  to  increase  its 
  strength,  or  as  some  think,  mingled  with  the  lees  by  being 
  shaken  (Ps.  75:8;  Prov.  23:30). 
  In  Acts  2:13  the  word  _gleukos_,  rendered  "new  wine,"  denotes 
  properly  "sweet  wine."  It  must  have  been  intoxicating. 
  In  addition  to  wine  the  Hebrews  also  made  use  of  what  they 
  called  _debash_,  which  was  obtained  by  boiling  down  must  to 
  one-half  or  one-third  of  its  original  bulk.  In  Gen.  43:11  this 
  word  is  rendered  "honey."  It  was  a  kind  of  syrup,  and  is  called 
  by  the  Arabs  at  the  present  day  dibs.  This  word  occurs  in  the 
  phrase  "a  land  flowing  with  milk  and  honey"  (debash),  Ex  3:8, 
  17;  13:5;  33:3;  Lev.  20:24;  Num.  13:  27.  (See  {HONEY}.) 
  Our  Lord  miraculously  supplied  wine  at  the  marriage  feast  in 
  Cana  of  Galilee  (John  2:1-11).  The  Rechabites  were  forbidden  the 
  use  of  wine  (Jer.  35).  The  Nazarites  also  were  to  abstain  from 
  its  use  during  the  period  of  their  vow  (Num.  6:1-4);  and  those 
  who  were  dedicated  as  Nazarites  from  their  birth  were 
  perpetually  to  abstain  from  it  (Judg.  13:4,  5;  Luke  1:15;  7:33). 
  The  priests,  too  were  forbidden  the  use  of  wine  and  strong 
  drink  when  engaged  in  their  sacred  functions  (Lev.  10:1,  9-11). 
  "Wine  is  little  used  now  in  the  East,  from  the  fact  that 
  Mohammedans  are  not  allowed  to  taste  it  and  very  few  of  other 
  creeds  touch  it  When  it  is  drunk,  water  is  generally  mixed  with 
  it  and  this  was  the  custom  in  the  days  of  Christ  also  The 
  people  indeed  are  everywhere  very  sober  in  hot  climates;  a 
  drunken  person,  in  fact  is  never  seen",  (Geikie's  Life  of 
  Christ).  The  sin  of  drunkenness,  however,  must  have  been  not 
  uncommon  in  the  olden  times,  for  it  is  mentioned  either 
  metaphorically  or  literally  more  than  seventy  times  in  the 
  A  drink-offering  of  wine  was  presented  with  the  daily 
  sacrifice  (Ex.  29:40,  41),  and  also  with  the  offering  of  the 
  first-fruits  (Lev.  23:13),  and  with  various  other  sacrifices 
  (Num.  15:5,  7,  10).  Wine  was  used  at  the  celebration  of  the 
  Passover.  And  when  the  Lord's  Supper  was  instituted,  the  wine 
  and  the  unleavened  bread  then  on  the  paschal  table  were  by  our 
  Lord  set  apart  as  memorials  of  his  body  and  blood. 
  Several  emphatic  warnings  are  given  in  the  New  Testament 
  against  excess  in  the  use  of  wine  (Luke  21:34;  Rom.  13:13;  Eph. 
  5:18;  1  Tim.  3:8;  Titus  1:7). 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
  WINE,  n.  Fermented  grape-juice  known  to  the  Women's  Christian  Union 
  as  "liquor,"  sometimes  as  "rum."  Wine,  madam,  is  God's  next  best  gift 
  to  man. 

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