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absalom


absalom


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Absalom 
  father  of  peace;  i.e.,  peaceful"  David's  son  by  Maacah  (2  Sam. 
  3:3;  comp.  1  Kings  1:6).  He  was  noted  for  his  personal  beauty 
  and  for  the  extra-ordinary  profusion  of  the  hair  of  his  head  (2 
  Sam.  14:25,26).  The  first  public  act  of  his  life  was  the 
  blood-revenge  he  executed  against  Amnon,  David's  eldest  son,  who 
  had  basely  wronged  Absalom's  sister  Tamar.  This  revenge  was 
  executed  at  the  time  of  the  festivities  connected  with  a  great 
  sheep-shearing  at  Baal-hazor.  David's  other  sons  fled  from  the 
  place  in  horror,  and  brought  the  tidings  of  the  death  of  Amnon 
  to  Jerusalem.  Alarmed  for  the  consequences  of  the  act  Absalom 
  fled  to  his  grandfather  at  Geshur,  and  there  abode  for  three 
  years  (2  Sam.  3:3;  13:23-38). 
 
  David  mourned  his  absent  son,  now  branded  with  the  guilt  of 
  fratricide.  As  the  result  of  a  stratagem  carried  out  by  a  woman 
  of  Tekoah  Joab  received  David's  sanction  to  invite  Absalom  back 
  to  Jerusalem.  He  returned  accordingly,  but  two  years  elapsed 
  before  his  father  admitted  him  into  his  presence  (2  Sam.  14:28). 
  Absalom  was  now  probably  the  oldest  surviving  son  of  David,  and 
  as  he  was  of  royal  descent  by  his  mother  as  well  as  by  his 
  father,  he  began  to  aspire  to  the  throne.  His  pretensions  were 
  favoured  by  the  people.  By  many  arts  he  gained  their  affection; 
  and  after  his  return  from  Geshur  (2  Sam.  15:7;  marg.,  R.V.)  he 
  went  up  to  Hebron,  the  old  capital  of  Judah,  along  with  a  great 
  body  of  the  people,  and  there  proclaimed  himself  king.  The 
  revolt  was  so  successful  that  David  found  it  necessary  to  quit 
  Jerusalem  and  flee  to  Mahanaim,  beyond  Jordan;  where  upon 
  Absalom  returned  to  Jerusalem  and  took  possession  of  the  throne 
  without  opposition.  Ahithophel,  who  had  been  David's  chief 
  counsellor,  deserted  him  and  joined  Absalom,  whose  chief 
  counsellor  he  now  became.  Hushai  also  joined  Absalom,  but  only 
  for  the  purpose  of  trying  to  counteract  the  counsels  of 
  Ahithophel,  and  so  to  advantage  David's  cause  He  was  so  far 
  successful  that  by  his  advice,  which  was  preferred  to  that  of 
  Ahithophel,  Absalom  delayed  to  march  an  army  against  his  father, 
  who  thus  gained  time  to  prepare  for  the  defence. 
 
  Absalom  at  length  marched  out  against  his  father,  whose  army, 
  under  the  command  of  Joab,  he  encountered  on  the  borders  of  the 
  forest  of  Ephraim.  Twenty  thousand  of  Absalom's  army  were  slain 
  in  that  fatal  battle,  and  the  rest  fled.  Absalom  fled  on  a  swift 
  mule;  but  his  long  flowing  hair,  or  more  probably  his  head,  was 
  caught  in  the  bough  of  an  oak,  and  there  he  was  left  suspended 
  till  Joab  came  up  and  pierced  him  through  with  three  darts.  His 
  body  was  then  taken  down  and  cast  into  a  pit  dug  in  the  forest, 
  and  a  heap  of  stones  was  raised  over  his  grave.  When  the  tidings 
  of  the  result  of  that  battle  were  brought  to  David,  as  he  sat 
  impatiently  at  the  gate  of  Mahanaim,  and  he  was  told  that 
  Absalom  had  been  slain,  he  gave  way  to  the  bitter  lamentation: 
  "O  my  son  Absalom,  my  son,  my  son  Absalom!  would  God  I  had  died 
  for  thee,  O  Absalom,  my  son,  my  son!"  (2  Sam.  18:33.  Comp.  Ex 
  32:32;  Rom.  9:3). 
 
  Absalom's  three  sons  (2  Sam.  14:27;  comp.  18:18)  had  all  died 
  before  him  so  that  he  left  only  a  daughter,  Tamar,  who  became 
  the  grandmother  of  Abijah. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Absalom,  father  of  peace