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cush

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cush


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cush 
  black.  (1.)  A  son,  probably  the  eldest,  of  Ham,  and  the  father 
  of  Nimrod  (Gen.  10:8;  1  Chr.  1:10).  From  him  the  land  of  Cush 
  seems  to  have  derived  its  name  The  question  of  the  precise 
  locality  of  the  land  of  Cush  has  given  rise  to  not  a  little 
  controversy.  The  second  river  of  Paradise  surrounded  the  whole 
  land  of  Cush  (Gen.  2:13,  R.V.).  The  term  Cush  is  in  the  Old 
  Testament  generally  applied  to  the  countries  south  of  the 
  Israelites.  It  was  the  southern  limit  of  Egypt  (Ezek.  29:10, 
  A.V.  "Ethiopia,"  Heb.  Cush),  with  which  it  is  generally 
  associated  (Ps.  68:31;  Isa.  18:1;  Jer.  46:9,  etc.).  It  stands 
  also  associated  with  Elam  (Isa.  11:11),  with  Persia  (Ezek. 
  38:5),  and  with  the  Sabeans  (Isa.  45:14).  From  these  facts  it 
  has  been  inferred  that  Cush  included  Arabia  and  the  country  on 
  the  west  coast  of  the  Red  Sea.  Rawlinson  takes  it  to  be  the 
  country  still  known  as  Khuzi-stan,  on  the  east  side  of  the  Lower 
  Tigris.  But  there  are  intimations  which  warrant  the  conclusion 
  that  there  was  also  a  Cush  in  Africa,  the  Ethiopia  (so  called  by 
  the  Greeks)  of  Africa.  Ezekiel  speaks  (29:10;  comp.  30:4-6)  of 
  it  as  lying  south  of  Egypt.  It  was  the  country  now  known  to  us 
  as  Nubia  and  Abyssinia  (Isa.  18:1;  Zeph.  3:10,  Heb.  Cush).  In 
  ancient  Egyptian  inscriptions  Ethiopia  is  termed  _Kesh_.  The 
  Cushites  appear  to  have  spread  along  extensive  tracts, 
  stretching  from  the  Upper  Nile  to  the  Euphrates  and  Tigris.  At 
  an  early  period  there  was  a  stream  of  migration  of  Cushites 
  "from  Ethiopia,  properly  so  called  through  Arabia,  Babylonia, 
  and  Persia,  to  Western  India."  The  Hamite  races,  soon  after 
  their  arrival  in  Africa,  began  to  spread  north,  east,  and  west. 
  Three  branches  of  the  Cushite  or  Ethiopian  stock,  moving  from 
  Western  Asia,  settled  in  the  regions  contiguous  to  the  Persian 
  Gulf.  One  branch,  called  the  Cossaeans  settled  in  the 
  mountainous  district  on  the  east  of  the  Tigris,  known  afterwards 
  as  Susiana;  another  occupied  the  lower  regions  of  the  Euphrates 
  and  the  Tigris;  while  a  third  colonized  the  southern  shores  and 
  islands  of  the  gulf,  whence  they  afterwards  emigrated  to  the 
  Mediterranean  and  settled  on  the  coast  of  Palestine  as  the 
  Phoenicians.  Nimrod  was  a  great  Cushite  chief.  He  conquered  the 
  Accadians  a  Tauranian  race,  already  settled  in  Mesopotamia,  and 
  founded  his  kingdom,  the  Cushites  mingling  with  the  Accads,  and 
  so  forming  the  Chaldean  nation. 
 
  (2.)  A  Benjamite  of  this  name  is  mentioned  in  the  title  of  Ps 
  7.  "Cush  was  probably  a  follower  of  Saul,  the  head  of  his  tribe, 
  and  had  sought  the  friendship  of  David  for  the  purpose  of 
  'rewarding  evil  to  him  that  was  at  peace  with  him.'" 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Cush,  Cushan  Cushi,  Ethiopians;  blackness 
 




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