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prairie


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Prairie  \Prai"rie\,  n.  [F.,  an  extensive  meadow,  OF  praerie, 
  LL  prataria  fr  L.  pratum  a  meadow.] 
  1.  An  extensive  tract  of  level  or  rolling  land,  destitute  of 
  trees,  covered  with  coarse  grass,  and  usually 
  characterized  by  a  deep,  fertile  soil.  They  abound 
  throughout  the  Mississippi  valley,  between  the  Alleghanies 
  and  the  Rocky  mountains. 
 
  From  the  forests  and  the  prairies,  From  the  great 
  lakes  of  the  northland.  --Longfellow. 
 
  2.  A  meadow  or  tract  of  grass;  especially,  a  so  called 
  natural  meadow. 
 
  {Prairie  chicken}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  American  grouse  of  the 
  genus  {Tympanuchus},  especially  {T.  Americanus}  (formerly 
  {T.  cupido}),  which  inhabits  the  prairies  of  the  central 
  United  States.  Applied  also  to  the  sharp-tailed  grouse. 
 
  {Prairie  clover}  (Bot.),  any  plant  of  the  leguminous  genus 
  {Petalostemon},  having  small  rosy  or  white  flowers  in 
  dense  terminal  heads  or  spikes.  Several  species  occur  in 
  the  prairies  of  the  United  States. 
 
  {Prairie  dock}  (Bot.),  a  coarse  composite  plant  ({Silphium 
  terebinthaceum})  with  large  rough  leaves  and  yellow 
  flowers,  found  in  the  Western  prairies. 
 
  {Prairie  dog}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  American  rodent  ({Cynomys 
  Ludovicianus})  allied  to  the  marmots.  It  inhabits  the 
  plains  west  of  the  Mississippi.  The  prairie  dogs  burrow  in 
  the  ground  in  large  warrens,  and  have  a  sharp  bark  like 
  that  of  a  dog.  Called  also  {prairie  marmot}. 
 
  {Prairie  grouse}.  Same  as  {Prairie  chicken},  above. 
 
  {Prairie  hare}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  long-eared  Western  hare 
  ({Lepus  campestris}).  See  {Jack  rabbit},  under  2d  {Jack}. 
 
 
  {Prairie  hawk},  {Prairie  falcon}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  falcon  of 
  Western  North  America  ({Falco  Mexicanus}).  The  upper  parts 
  are  brown.  The  tail  has  transverse  bands  of  white;  the 
  under  parts  longitudinal  streaks  and  spots  of  brown. 
 
  {Prairie  hen}.  (Zo["o]l.)  Same  as  {Prairie  chicken},  above. 
 
 
  {Prairie  itch}  (Med.),  an  affection  of  the  skin  attended  with 
  intense  itching,  which  is  observed  in  the  Northern  and 
  Western  United  States;  --  also  called  {swamp  itch}, 
  {winter  itch}. 
 
  {Prairie  marmot}.  (Zo["o]l.)  Same  as  {Prairie  dog},  above. 
 
  {Prairie  mole}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  American  mole  ({Scalops 
  argentatus}),  native  of  the  Western  prairies. 
 
  {Prairie  pigeon},  {plover},  or  {snipe}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  upland 
  plover.  See  {Plover},  n.,  2. 
 
  {Prairie  rattlesnake}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  massasauga. 
 
  {Prairie  snake}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  harmless  American  snake 
  ({Masticophis  flavigularis}).  It  is  pale  yellow,  tinged 
  with  brown  above. 
 
  {Prairie  squirrel}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  American  ground  squirrel 
  of  the  genus  {Spermophilus},  inhabiting  prairies;  -- 
  called  also  {gopher}. 
 
  {Prairie  turnip}  (Bot.),  the  edible  turnip-shaped  farinaceous 
  root  of  a  leguminous  plant  ({Psoralea  esculenta})  of  the 
  Upper  Missouri  region;  also  the  plant  itself  Called  also 
  {pomme  blanche},  and  {pomme  de  prairie}. 
 
  {Prairie  warbler}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  bright-colored  American 
  warbler  ({Dendroica  discolor}).  The  back  is  olive  yellow, 
  with  a  group  of  reddish  spots  in  the  middle;  the  under 
  parts  and  the  parts  around  the  eyes  are  bright  yellow;  the 
  sides  of  the  throat  and  spots  along  the  sides,  black; 
  three  outer  tail  feathers  partly  white. 
 
  {Prairie  wolf}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Coyote}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gun  \Gun\,  n.  [OE.  gonne,  gunne;  of  uncertain  origin;  cf  Ir., 
  {Gael}.)  A  LL  gunna,  W.  gum;  possibly  (like  cannon)  fr  L. 
  canna  reed,  tube;  or  abbreviated  fr  OF  mangonnel,  E. 
  mangonel,  a  machine  for  hurling  stones.] 
  1.  A  weapon  which  throws  or  propels  a  missile  to  a  distance; 
  any  firearm  or  instrument  for  throwing  projectiles  by  the 
  explosion  of  gunpowder,  consisting  of  a  tube  or  barrel 
  closed  at  one  end  in  which  the  projectile  is  placed,  with 
  an  explosive  charge  behind,  which  is  ignited  by  various 
  means  Muskets,  rifles,  carbines,  and  fowling  pieces  are 
  smaller  guns,  for  hand  use  and  are  called  {small  arms}. 
  Larger  guns  are  called  {cannon},  {ordnance}, 
  {fieldpieces},  {carronades},  {howitzers},  etc  See  these 
  terms  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  As  swift  as  a  pellet  out  of  a  gunne  When  fire  is  in 
  the  powder  runne.  --Chaucer. 
 
  The  word  gun  was  in  use  in  England  for  an  engine  to 
  cast  a  thing  from  a  man  long  before  there  was  any 
  gunpowder  found  out  --Selden. 
 
  2.  (Mil.)  A  piece  of  heavy  ordnance;  in  a  restricted  sense  a 
  cannon. 
 
  3.  pl  (Naut.)  Violent  blasts  of  wind. 
 
  Note:  Guns  are  classified,  according  to  their  construction  or 
  manner  of  loading  as  {rifled}  or  {smoothbore}, 
  {breech-loading}  or  {muzzle-loading},  {cast}  or 
  {built-up  guns};  or  according  to  their  use  as  {field}, 
  {mountain},  {prairie},  {seacoast},  and  {siege  guns}. 
 
  {Armstrong  gun},  a  wrought  iron  breech-loading  cannon  named 
  after  its  English  inventor,  Sir  William  Armstrong. 
 
  {Great  gun},  a  piece  of  heavy  ordnance;  hence  (Fig.),  a 
  person  superior  in  any  way 
 
  {Gun  barrel},  the  barrel  or  tube  of  a  gun. 
 
  {Gun  carriage},  the  carriage  on  which  a  gun  is  mounted  or 
  moved 
 
  {Gun  cotton}  (Chem.),  a  general  name  for  a  series  of 
  explosive  nitric  ethers  of  cellulose,  obtained  by  steeping 
  cotton  in  nitric  and  sulphuric  acids.  Although  there  are 
  formed  substances  containing  nitric  acid  radicals,  yet  the 
  results  exactly  resemble  ordinary  cotton  in  appearance.  It 
  burns  without  ash,  with  explosion  if  confined,  but  quietly 
  and  harmlessly  if  free  and  open  and  in  small  quantity. 
  Specifically,  the  lower  nitrates  of  cellulose  which  are 
  insoluble  in  ether  and  alcohol  in  distinction  from  the 
  highest  (pyroxylin)  which  is  soluble.  See  {Pyroxylin},  and 
  cf  {Xyloidin}.  The  gun  cottons  are  used  for  blasting  and 
  somewhat  in  gunnery:  for  making  celluloid  when  compounded 
  with  camphor;  and  the  soluble  variety  (pyroxylin)  for 
  making  collodion.  See  {Celluloid},  and  {Collodion}.  Gun 
  cotton  is  frequenty  but  improperly  called  nitrocellulose. 
  It  is  not  a  nitro  compound,  but  an  ethereal  salt  of  nitric 
  acid. 
 
  {Gun  deck}.  See  under  {Deck}. 
 
  {Gun  fire},  the  time  at  which  the  morning  or  the  evening  gun 
  is  fired. 
 
  {Gun  metal},  a  bronze,  ordinarily  composed  of  nine  parts  of 
  copper  and  one  of  tin,  used  for  cannon,  etc  The  name  is 
  also  given  to  certain  strong  mixtures  of  cast  iron. 
 
  {Gun  port}  (Naut.),  an  opening  in  a  ship  through  which  a 
  cannon's  muzzle  is  run  out  for  firing. 
 
  {Gun  tackle}  (Naut.),  the  blocks  and  pulleys  affixed  to  the 
  side  of  a  ship,  by  which  a  gun  carriage  is  run  to  and  from 
  the  gun  port. 
 
  {Gun  tackle  purchase}  (Naut.),  a  tackle  composed  of  two 
  single  blocks  and  a  fall.  --Totten. 
 
  {Krupp  gun},  a  wrought  steel  breech-loading  cannon,  named 
  after  its  German  inventor,  Herr  Krupp. 
 
  {Machine  gun},  a  breech-loading  gun  or  a  group  of  such  guns, 
  mounted  on  a  carriage  or  other  holder,  and  having  a 
  reservoir  containing  cartridges  which  are  loaded  into  the 
  gun  or  guns  and  fired  in  rapid  succession,  sometimes  in 
  volleys,  by  machinery  operated  by  turning  a  crank.  Several 
  hundred  shots  can  be  fired  in  a  minute  with  accurate  aim 
  The  {Gatling  gun},  {Gardner  gun},  {Hotchkiss  gun},  and 
  {Nordenfelt  gun},  named  for  their  inventors,  and  the 
  French  {mitrailleuse},  are  machine  guns. 
 
  {To  blow  great  guns}  (Naut.),  to  blow  a  gale.  See  {Gun},  n., 
  3. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  prairie 
  n  :  a  treeless  grassy  plain 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Prairie,  AL 
  Zip  code(s):  36771 
  Prairie,  MS 
  Zip  code(s):  39756 




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