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joseph

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joseph


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Joseph  \Jo"seph\,  n. 
  An  outer  garment  worn  in  the  18th  century;  esp.,  a  woman's 
  riding  habit,  buttoned  down  the  front.  --Fairholt. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Joseph 
  n  1:  (Old  Testament)  the  11th  son  of  Jacob  and  one  of  the  12 
  patriarchs  of  Israel;  Jacob  gave  Joseph  a  coat  of  many 
  colors,  which  made  his  brother  jealous  and  the  sold  him 
  into  slavery  in  Egypt  [syn:  {Joseph}] 
  2:  (New  Testament)  husband  of  Mary  and  (in  Christian  belief) 
  the  foster  father  of  Jesus  [syn:  {Joseph}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Joseph,  OR  (city,  FIPS  37900) 
  Location:  45.35202  N,  117.22788  W 
  Population  (1990):  1073  (501  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.9  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  97846 
  Joseph,  UT  (town,  FIPS  39370) 
  Location:  38.62507  N,  112.21873  W 
  Population  (1990):  198  (83  housing  units) 
  Area:  2.3  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  84739 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Joseph 
  remover  or  increaser.  (1.)  The  elder  of  the  two  sons  of  Jacob  by 
  Rachel  (Gen.  30:23,  24),  who  on  the  occasion  of  his  birth, 
  said  "God  hath  taken  away  [Heb.  'asaph]  my  reproach."  "The  Lord 
  shall  add  [Heb.  yoseph]  to  me  another  son"  (Gen.  30:24).  He  was 
  a  child  of  probably  six  years  of  age  when  his  father  returned 
  from  Haran  to  Canaan  and  took  up  his  residence  in  the  old 
  patriarchal  town  of  Hebron.  "Now  Israel  loved  Joseph  more  than 
  all  his  children,  because  he  was  the  son  of  his  old  age,"  and  he 
  "made  him  a  long  garment  with  sleeves"  (Gen.  37:3,  R.V.  marg.), 
  i.e.,  a  garment  long  and  full,  such  as  was  worn  by  the  children 
  of  nobles.  This  seems  to  be  the  correct  rendering  of  the  words 
  The  phrase,  however,  may  also  be  rendered,  "a  coat  of  many 
  pieces",  i.e.,  a  patchwork  of  many  small  pieces  of  divers 
  colours. 
 
  When  he  was  about  seventeen  years  old  Joseph  incurred  the 
  jealous  hatred  of  his  brothers  (Gen.  37:4).  They  "hated  him  and 
  could  not  speak  peaceably  unto  him."  Their  anger  was  increased 
  when  he  told  them  his  dreams  (37:11). 
 
  Jacob  desiring  to  hear  tidings  of  his  sons,  who  had  gone  to 
  Shechem  with  their  flocks,  some  60  miles  from  Hebron,  sent 
  Joseph  as  his  messenger  to  make  inquiry  regarding  them  Joseph 
  found  that  they  had  left  Shechem  for  Dothan,  whither  he  followed 
  them  As  soon  as  they  saw  him  coming  they  began  to  plot  against 
  him  and  would  have  killed  him  had  not  Reuben  interposed.  They 
  ultimately  sold  him  to  a  company  of  Ishmaelite  merchants  for 
  twenty  pieces  (shekels)  of  silver  (about  $2,  10s.),  ten  pieces 
  less  than  the  current  value  of  a  slave,  for  "they  cared  little 
  what  they  had  for  him  if  so  be  they  were  rid  of  him."  These 
  merchants  were  going  down  with  a  varied  assortment  of 
  merchandise  to  the  Egyptian  market,  and  thither  they  conveyed 
  him  and  ultimately  sold  him  as  a  slave  to  Potiphar,  an  "officer 
  of  Pharaoh's,  and  captain  of  the  guard"  (Gen.  37:36).  "The  Lord 
  blessed  the  Egyptian's  house  for  Joseph's  sake,"  and  Potiphar 
  made  him  overseer  over  his  house.  At  length  a  false  charge 
  having  been  brought  against  him  by  Potiphar's  wife,  he  was  at 
  once  cast  into  the  state  prison  (39;  40),  where  he  remained  for 
  at  least  two  years.  After  a  while  the  "chief  of  the  cupbearers" 
  and  the  "chief  of  the  bakers"  of  Pharaoh's  household  were  cast 
  into  the  same  prison  (40:2).  Each  of  these  new  prisoners  dreamed 
  a  dream  in  the  same  night,  which  Joseph  interpreted,  the  event 
  occurring  as  he  had  said 
 
  This  led  to  Joseph's  being  remembered  subsequently  by  the 
  chief  butler  when  Pharaoh  also  dreamed.  At  his  suggestion  Joseph 
  was  brought  from  prison  to  interpret  the  king's  dreams.  Pharaoh 
  was  well  pleased  with  Joseph's  wisdom  in  interpreting  his 
  dreams,  and  with  his  counsel  with  reference  to  the  events  then 
  predicted;  and  he  set  him  over  all  the  land  of  Egypt  (Gen. 
  41:46),  and  gave  him  the  name  of  Zaphnath-paaneah.  He  was 
  married  to  Asenath,  the  daughter  of  the  priest  of  On  and  thus 
  became  a  member  of  the  priestly  class.  Joseph  was  now  about 
  thirty  years  of  age. 
 
  As  Joseph  had  interpreted,  seven  years  of  plenty  came  during 
  which  he  stored  up  great  abundance  of  corn  in  granaries  built 
  for  the  purpose.  These  years  were  followed  by  seven  years  of 
  famine  "over  all  the  face  of  the  earth,"  when  "all  countries 
  came  into  Egypt  to  Joseph  to  buy  corn"  (Gen.  41:56,  57;  47:13, 
  14).  Thus  "Joseph  gathered  up  all  the  money  that  was  in  the  land 
  of  Egypt,  and  in  the  land  of  Canaan,  for  the  corn  which  they 
  bought."  Afterwards  all  the  cattle  and  all  the  land,  and  at  last 
  the  Egyptians  themselves,  became  the  property  of  Pharaoh. 
 
  During  this  period  of  famine  Joseph's  brethren  also  came  down 
  to  Egypt  to  buy  corn.  The  history  of  his  dealings  with  them  and 
  of  the  manner  in  which  he  at  length  made  himself  known  to  them 
  is  one  of  the  most  interesting  narratives  that  can  be  read  (Gen. 
  42-45).  Joseph  directed  his  brethren  to  return  and  bring  Jacob 
  and  his  family  to  the  land  of  Egypt,  saying,  "I  will  give  you 
  the  good  of  the  land  of  Egypt,  and  ye  shall  eat  the  fat  of  the 
  land.  Regard  not  your  stuff;  for  the  good  of  all  the  land  is 
  yours."  Accordingly  Jacob  and  his  family,  to  the  number  of 
  threescore  and  ten  souls,  together  with  "all  that  they  had," 
  went  down  to  Egypt.  They  were  settled  in  the  land  of  Goshen, 
  where  Joseph  met  his  father,  and  "fell  on  his  neck,  and  wept  on 
  his  neck  a  good  while"  (Gen.  46:29). 
 
  The  excavations  of  Dr  Naville  have  shown  the  land  of  Goshen 
  to  be  the  Wady  Tumilat  between  Ismailia  and  Zagazig  In  Goshen 
  (Egyptian  Qosem)  they  had  pasture  for  their  flocks,  were  near 
  the  Asiatic  frontier  of  Egypt,  and  were  out  of  the  way  of  the 
  Egyptian  people.  An  inscription  speaks  of  it  as  a  district  given 
  up  to  the  wandering  shepherds  of  Asia. 
 
  Jacob  at  length  died,  and  in  fulfilment  of  a  promise  which  he 
  had  exacted,  Joseph  went  up  to  Canaan  to  bury  his  father  in  "the 
  field  of  Ephron  the  Hittite"  (Gen.  47:29-31;  50:1-14).  This  was 
  the  last  recorded  act  of  Joseph,  who  again  returned  to  Egypt. 
 
  "The  'Story  of  the  Two  Brothers,'  an  Egyptian  romance  written 
  for  the  son  of  the  Pharaoh  of  the  Oppression,  contains  an 
  episode  very  similar  to  the  Biblical  account  of  Joseph's 
  treatment  by  Potiphar's  wife.  Potiphar  and  Potipherah  are  the 
  Egyptian  Pa-tu-pa-Ra,  'the  gift  of  the  sun-god.'  The  name  given 
  to  Joseph,  Zaphnath-paaneah,  is  probably  the  Egyptian 
  Zaf-nti-pa-ankh,  'nourisher  of  the  living  one,'  i.e.,  of  the 
  Pharaoh.  There  are  many  instances  in  the  inscriptions  of 
  foreigners  in  Egypt  receiving  Egyptian  names  and  rising  to  the 
  highest  offices  of  state." 
 
  By  his  wife  Asenath,  Joseph  had  two  sons,  Manasseh  and  Ephraim 
  (Gen.  41:50).  Joseph  having  obtained  a  promise  from  his  brethren 
  that  when  the  time  should  come  that  God  would  "bring  them  unto 
  the  land  which  he  sware  to  Abraham,  to  Isaac,  and  to  Jacob," 
  they  would  carry  up  his  bones  out  of  Egypt,  at  length  died,  at 
  the  age  of  one  hundred  and  ten  years;  and  "they  embalmed  him 
  and  he  was  put  in  a  coffin"  (Gen.  50:26).  This  promise  was 
  faithfully  observed.  Their  descendants,  long  after  when  the 
  Exodus  came  carried  the  body  about  with  them  during  their  forty 
  years'  wanderings,  and  at  length  buried  it  in  Shechem,  in  the 
  parcel  of  ground  which  Jacob  bought  from  the  sons  of  Hamor 
  (Josh.  24:32;  comp.  Gen.  33:19).  With  the  death  of  Joseph  the 
  patriarchal  age  of  the  history  of  Israel  came  to  a  close 
 
  The  Pharaoh  of  Joseph's  elevation  was  probably  Apepi,  or 
  Apopis  the  last  of  the  Hyksos  kings.  Some  however,  think  that 
  Joseph  came  to  Egypt  in  the  reign  of  Thothmes  III.  (see  PHARAOH 
  T0002923),  long  after  the  expulsion  of  the  Hyksos. 
 
  The  name  Joseph  denotes  the  two  tribes  of  Ephraim  and  Manasseh 
  in  Deut.  33:13-17;  the  kingdom  of  Israel  in  Ezek.  37:16,  19, 
  Amos  5:6;  and  the  whole  covenant  people  of  Israel  in  Ps  81:4. 
 
  (2.)  One  of  the  sons  of  Asaph,  head  of  the  first  division  of 
  sacred  musicians  (1  Chr.  25:2,  9). 
 
  (3.)  The  son  of  Judah,  and  father  of  Semei  (Luke  3:26).  Other 
  two  of  the  same  name  in  the  ancestry  of  Christ  are  also 
  mentioned  (3:24,  30). 
 
  (4.)  The  foster-father  of  our  Lord  (Matt.  1:16;  Luke  3:23).  He 
  lived  at  Nazareth  in  Galilee  (Luke  2:4).  He  is  called  a  "just 
  man."  He  was  by  trade  a  carpenter  (Matt.  13:55).  He  is  last 
  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  journey  to  Jerusalem,  when 
  Jesus  was  twelve  years  old  It  is  probable  that  he  died  before 
  Jesus  entered  on  his  public  ministry.  This  is  concluded  from  the 
  fact  that  Mary  only  was  present  at  the  marriage  feast  in  Cana  of 
  Galilee.  His  name  does  not  appear  in  connection  with  the  scenes 
  of  the  crucifixion  along  with  that  of  Mary  (q.v.),  John  19:25. 
 
  (5.)  A  native  of  Arimathea,  probably  the  Ramah  of  the  Old 
  Testament  (1  Sam.  1:19),  a  man  of  wealth,  and  a  member  of  the 
  Sanhedrim  (Matt.  27:57;  Luke  23:50),  an  "honourable  counsellor, 
  who  waited  for  the  kingdom  of  God."  As  soon  as  he  heard  the 
  tidings  of  Christ's  death,  he  "went  in  boldly"  (lit.  "having 
  summoned  courage,  he  went")  "unto  Pilate,  and  craved  the  body  of 
  Jesus."  Pilate  having  ascertained  from  the  centurion  that  the 
  death  had  really  taken  place  granted  Joseph's  request,  who 
  immediately,  having  purchased  fine  linen  (Mark  15:46),  proceeded 
  to  Golgotha  to  take  the  body  down  from  the  cross.  There 
  assisted  by  Nicodemus,  he  took  down  the  body  and  wrapped  it  in 
  the  fine  linen,  sprinkling  it  with  the  myrrh  and  aloes  which 
  Nicodemus  had  brought  (John  19:39),  and  then  conveyed  the  body 
  to  the  new  tomb  hewn  by  Joseph  himself  out  of  a  rock  in  his 
  garden  hard  by  There  they  laid  it  in  the  presence  of  Mary 
  Magdalene,  Mary  the  mother  of  Joses,  and  other  women,  and  rolled 
  a  great  stone  to  the  entrance,  and  departed  (Luke  23:53,  55). 
  This  was  done  in  haste,  "for  the  Sabbath  was  drawing  on"  (comp. 
  Isa.  53:9). 
 
  (6.)  Surnamed  Barsabas  (Acts  1:23);  also  called  Justus.  He  was 
  one  of  those  who  "companied  with  the  apostles  all  the  time  that 
  the  Lord  Jesus  went  out  and  in  among  them"  (Acts  1:21),  and  was 
  one  of  the  candidates  for  the  place  of  Judas. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Joseph,  increase;  addition 
 




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