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sabbathmore about sabbath


  4  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Sabbath  \Sab"bath\,  n.  [OE.  sabat,  sabbat,  F.  sabbat,  L. 
  sabbatum  Gr  sa`bbaton,  fr  Heb.  shabb[=a]th,  fr  sh[=a]bath 
  to  rest  from  labor.  Cf  {Sabbat}.] 
  1.  A  season  or  day  of  rest;  one  day  in  seven  appointed  for 
  rest  or  worship,  the  observance  of  which  was  enjoined  upon 
  the  Jews  in  the  Decalogue,  and  has  been  continued  by  the 
  Christian  church  with  a  transference  of  the  day  observed 
  from  the  last  to  the  first  day  of  the  week,  which  is 
  called  also  {Lord's  Day}. 
  Remember  the  sabbath  day  to  keep  it  holy.  --Ex.  xx 
  2.  The  seventh  year,  observed  among  the  Israelites  as  one  of 
  rest  and  festival.  --Lev.  xxv.  4. 
  3.  Fig.:  A  time  of  rest  or  repose;  intermission  of  pain, 
  effort,  sorrow,  or  the  like 
  Peaceful  sleep  out  the  sabbath  of  the  tomb.  --Pope. 
  {Sabbath  breaker},  one  who  violates  the  law  of  the  Sabbath. 
  {Sabbath  breaking},  the  violation  of  the  law  of  the  Sabbath. 
  {Sabbath-day's  journey},  a  distance  of  about  a  mile,  which 
  under  Rabbinical  law,  the  Jews  were  allowed  to  travel  on 
  the  Sabbath. 
  Syn:  {Sabbath},  {Sunday}. 
  Usage:  Sabbath  is  not  strictly  synonymous  with  Sunday. 
  Sabbath  denotes  the  institution;  Sunday  is  the  name  of 
  the  first  day  of  the  week.  The  Sabbath  of  the  Jews  is 
  on  Saturday,  and  the  Sabbath  of  most  Christians  on 
  Sunday.  In  New  England,  the  first  day  of  the  week  has 
  been  called  ``the  Sabbath,''  to  mark  it  as  holy  time; 
  Sunday  is  the  word  more  commonly  used  at  present,  in 
  all  parts  of  the  United  States,  as  it  is  in  England. 
  ``So  if  we  will  be  the  children  of  our  heavenly 
  Father,  we  must  be  careful  to  keep  the  Christian 
  Sabbath  day  which  is  the  Sunday.''  --Homilies. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  :  a  day  of  rest  and  worship:  Sunday  for  most  Christians; 
  Saturday  for  the  Jews  and  a  few  Christians;  Friday  for 
  Muslims  [syn:  {Sabbath}] 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  (Heb.  verb  shabbath,  meaning  "to  rest  from  labour"),  the  day  of 
  rest.  It  is  first  mentioned  as  having  been  instituted  in 
  Paradise,  when  man  was  in  innocence  (Gen.  2:2).  "The  sabbath  was 
  made  for  man,"  as  a  day  of  rest  and  refreshment  for  the  body  and 
  of  blessing  to  the  soul. 
  It  is  next  referred  to  in  connection  with  the  gift  of  manna  to 
  the  children  of  Israel  in  the  wilderness  (Ex.  16:23);  and 
  afterwards,  when  the  law  was  given  from  Sinai  (20:11),  the 
  people  were  solemnly  charged  to  "remember  the  sabbath  day  to 
  keep  it  holy."  Thus  it  is  spoken  of  as  an  institution  already 
  In  the  Mosaic  law  strict  regulations  were  laid  down  regarding 
  its  observance  (Ex.  35:2,  3;  Lev.  23:3;  26:34).  These  were 
  peculiar  to  that  dispensation. 
  In  the  subsequent  history  of  the  Jews  frequent  references  are 
  made  to  the  sanctity  of  the  Sabbath  (Isa.  56:2,  4,  6,  7;  58:13, 
  14;  Jer.  17:20-22;  Neh.  13:19).  In  later  times  they  perverted 
  the  Sabbath  by  their  traditions.  Our  Lord  rescued  it  from  their 
  perversions,  and  recalled  to  them  its  true  nature  and  intent 
  (Matt.  12:10-13;  Mark  2:27;  Luke  13:10-17). 
  The  Sabbath,  originally  instituted  for  man  at  his  creation,  is 
  of  permanent  and  universal  obligation.  The  physical  necessities 
  of  man  require  a  Sabbath  of  rest.  He  is  so  constituted  that  his 
  bodily  welfare  needs  at  least  one  day  in  seven  for  rest  from 
  ordinary  labour.  Experience  also  proves  that  the  moral  and 
  spiritual  necessities  of  men  also  demand  a  Sabbath  of  rest.  "I 
  am  more  and  more  sure  by  experience  that  the  reason  for  the 
  observance  of  the  Sabbath  lies  deep  in  the  everlasting 
  necessities  of  human  nature,  and  that  as  long  as  man  is  man  the 
  blessedness  of  keeping  it  not  as  a  day  of  rest  only,  but  as  a 
  day  of  spiritual  rest,  will  never  be  annulled.  I  certainly  do 
  feel  by  experience  the  eternal  obligation,  because  of  the 
  eternal  necessity,  of  the  Sabbath.  The  soul  withers  without  it 
  It  thrives  in  proportion  to  its  observance.  The  Sabbath  was  made 
  for  man.  God  made  it  for  men  in  a  certain  spiritual  state 
  because  they  needed  it  The  need  therefore,  is  deeply  hidden  in 
  human  nature.  He  who  can  dispense  with  it  must  be  holy  and 
  spiritual  indeed.  And  he  who  still  unholy  and  unspiritual 
  would  yet  dispense  with  it  is  a  man  that  would  fain  be  wiser 
  than  his  Maker"  (F.  W.  Robertson). 
  The  ancient  Babylonian  calendar,  as  seen  from  recently 
  recovered  inscriptions  on  the  bricks  among  the  ruins  of  the 
  royal  palace,  was  based  on  the  division  of  time  into  weeks  of 
  seven  days.  The  Sabbath  is  in  these  inscriptions  designated 
  Sabattu,  and  defined  as  "a  day  of  rest  for  the  heart"  and  "a  day 
  of  completion  of  labour." 
  The  change  of  the  day  Originally  at  creation  the  seventh  day 
  of  the  week  was  set  apart  and  consecrated  as  the  Sabbath.  The 
  first  day  of  the  week  is  now  observed  as  the  Sabbath.  Has  God 
  authorized  this  change?  There  is  an  obvious  distinction  between 
  the  Sabbath  as  an  institution  and  the  particular  day  set  apart 
  for  its  observance.  The  question,  therefore,  as  to  the  change  of 
  the  day  in  no  way  affects  the  perpetual  obligation  of  the 
  Sabbath  as  an  institution.  Change  of  the  day  or  no  change,  the 
  Sabbath  remains  as  a  sacred  institution  the  same  It  cannot  be 
  If  any  change  of  the  day  has  been  made  it  must  have  been  by 
  Christ  or  by  his  authority.  Christ  has  a  right  to  make  such  a 
  change  (Mark  2:23-28).  As  Creator,  Christ  was  the  original  Lord 
  of  the  Sabbath  (John  1:3;  Heb.  1:10).  It  was  originally  a 
  memorial  of  creation.  A  work  vastly  greater  than  that  of 
  creation  has  now  been  accomplished  by  him  the  work  of 
  redemption.  We  would  naturally  expect  just  such  a  change  as 
  would  make  the  Sabbath  a  memorial  of  that  greater  work 
  True,  we  can  give  no  text  authorizing  the  change  in  so  many 
  words  We  have  no  express  law  declaring  the  change.  But  there 
  are  evidences  of  another  kind  We  know  for  a  fact  that  the  first 
  day  of  the  week  has  been  observed  from  apostolic  times,  and  the 
  necessary  conclusion  is  that  it  was  observed  by  the  apostles 
  and  their  immediate  disciples.  This  we  may  be  sure  they  never 
  would  have  done  without  the  permission  or  the  authority  of  their 
  After  his  resurrection,  which  took  place  on  the  first  day  of 
  the  week  (Matt.  28:1;  Mark  16:2;  Luke  24:1;  John  20:1),  we  never 
  find  Christ  meeting  with  his  disciples  on  the  seventh  day  But 
  he  specially  honoured  the  first  day  by  manifesting  himself  to 
  them  on  four  separate  occasions  (Matt.  28:9;  Luke  24:34,  18-33; 
  John  20:19-23).  Again  on  the  next  first  day  of  the  week,  Jesus 
  appeared  to  his  disciples  (John  20:26). 
  Some  have  calculated  that  Christ's  ascension  took  place  on  the 
  first  day  of  the  week.  And  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  the 
  descent  of  the  Holy  Ghost  at  Pentecost  was  on  that  day  (Acts 
  2:1).  Thus  Christ  appears  as  instituting  a  new  day  to  be 
  observed  by  his  people  as  the  Sabbath,  a  day  to  be  henceforth 
  known  amongst  them  as  the  "Lord's  day."  The  observance  of  this 
  "Lord's  day"  as  the  Sabbath  was  the  general  custom  of  the 
  primitive  churches,  and  must  have  had  apostolic  sanction  (comp. 
  Acts  20:3-7;  1  Cor.  16:1,  2)  and  authority,  and  so  the  sanction 
  and  authority  of  Jesus  Christ. 
  The  words  "at  her  sabbaths"  (Lam.  1:7,  A.V.)  ought  probably  to 
  be  as  in  the  Revised  Version,  "at  her  desolations." 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
  SABBATH,  n.  A  weekly  festival  having  its  origin  in  the  fact  that  God 
  made  the  world  in  six  days  and  was  arrested  on  the  seventh  Among  the 
  Jews  observance  of  the  day  was  enforced  by  a  Commandment  of  which  this 
  is  the  Christian  version:  "Remember  the  seventh  day  to  make  thy 
  neighbor  keep  it  wholly."  To  the  Creator  it  seemed  fit  and  expedient 
  that  the  Sabbath  should  be  the  last  day  of  the  week,  but  the  Early 
  Fathers  of  the  Church  held  other  views.  So  great  is  the  sanctity  of 
  the  day  that  even  where  the  Lord  holds  a  doubtful  and  precarious 
  jurisdiction  over  those  who  go  down  to  (and  down  into)  the  sea  it  is 
  reverently  recognized,  as  is  manifest  in  the  following  deep-water 
  version  of  the  Fourth  Commandment: 
  Six  days  shalt  thou  labor  and  do  all  thou  art  able, 
  And  on  the  seventh  holystone  the  deck  and  scrape  the  cable. 
  Decks  are  no  longer  holystoned,  but  the  cable  still  supplies  the 
  captain  with  opportunity  to  attest  a  pious  respect  for  the  divine 

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