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mosesmore about moses

moses


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Moses  \Mo"ses\,  n. 
  A  large  flatboat,  used  in  the  West  Indies  for  taking  freight 
  from  shore  to  ship. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Moses 
  n  :  the  Hebrew  prophet  who  led  the  Israelites  from  Egypt  across 
  the  Red  sea  on  a  journey  known  as  the  Exodus;  Moses 
  received  the  Ten  Commandments  from  God  on  Mount  Sinai 
  [syn:  {Moses}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Moses 
  drawn  (or  Egypt.  mesu,  "son;"  hence  Rameses,  royal  son).  On  the 
  invitation  of  Pharaoh  (Gen.  45:17-25),  Jacob  and  his  sons  went 
  down  into  Egypt.  This  immigration  took  place  probably  about  350 
  years  before  the  birth  of  Moses.  Some  centuries  before  Joseph, 
  Egypt  had  been  conquered  by  a  pastoral  Semitic  race  from  Asia, 
  the  Hyksos,  who  brought  into  cruel  subjection  the  native 
  Egyptians,  who  were  an  African  race.  Jacob  and  his  retinue  were 
  accustomed  to  a  shepherd's  life,  and  on  their  arrival  in  Egypt 
  were  received  with  favour  by  the  king,  who  assigned  them  the 
  "best  of  the  land",  the  land  of  Goshen,  to  dwell  in  The  Hyksos 
  or  shepherd"  king  who  thus  showed  favour  to  Joseph  and  his 
  family  was  in  all  probability  the  Pharaoh  Apopi  (or  Apopis). 
 
  Thus  favoured,  the  Israelites  began  to  "multiply  exceedingly" 
  (Gen.  47:27),  and  extended  to  the  west  and  south.  At  length  the 
  supremacy  of  the  Hyksos  came  to  an  end  The  descendants  of  Jacob 
  were  allowed  to  retain  their  possession  of  Goshen  undisturbed, 
  but  after  the  death  of  Joseph  their  position  was  not  so 
  favourable.  The  Egyptians  began  to  despise  them  and  the  period 
  of  their  affliction"  (Gen.  15:13)  commenced.  They  were  sorely 
  oppressed.  They  continued,  however,  to  increase  in  numbers,  and 
  "the  land  was  filled  with  them"  (Ex.  1:7).  The  native  Egyptians 
  regarded  them  with  suspicion,  so  that  they  felt  all  the  hardship 
  of  a  struggle  for  existence. 
 
  In  process  of  time  "a  king  [probably  Seti  I.]  arose  who  knew 
  not  Joseph"  (Ex.  1:8).  (See  {PHARAOH}.)  The 
  circumstances  of  the  country  were  such  that  this  king  thought  it 
  necessary  to  weaken  his  Israelite  subjects  by  oppressing  them 
  and  by  degrees  reducing  their  number.  They  were  accordingly  made 
  public  slaves,  and  were  employed  in  connection  with  his  numerous 
  buildings,  especially  in  the  erection  of  store-cities,  temples, 
  and  palaces.  The  children  of  Israel  were  made  to  serve  with 
  rigour.  Their  lives  were  made  bitter  with  hard  bondage,  and  "all 
  their  service,  wherein  they  made  them  serve,  was  with  rigour" 
  (Ex.  1:13,  14).  But  this  cruel  oppression  had  not  the  result 
  expected  of  reducing  their  number.  On  the  contrary,  "the  more 
  the  Egyptians  afflicted  them  the  more  they  multiplied  and  grew" 
  (Ex.  1:12). 
 
  The  king  next  tried  through  a  compact  secretly  made  with  the 
  guild  of  midwives,  to  bring  about  the  destruction  of  all  the 
  Hebrew  male  children  that  might  be  born.  But  the  king's  wish  was 
  not  rigorously  enforced;  the  male  children  were  spared  by  the 
  midwives,  so  that  "the  people  multiplied"  more  than  ever.  Thus 
  baffled,  the  king  issued  a  public  proclamation  calling  on  the 
  people  to  put  to  death  all  the  Hebrew  male  children  by  casting 
  them  into  the  river  (Ex.  1:22).  But  neither  by  this  edict  was 
  the  king's  purpose  effected. 
 
  One  of  the  Hebrew  households  into  which  this  cruel  edict  of 
  the  king  brought  great  alarm  was  that  of  Amram,  of  the  family  of 
  the  Kohathites  (Ex.  6:16-20),  who  with  his  wife  Jochebed  and  two 
  children,  Miriam,  a  girl  of  perhaps  fifteen  years  of  age,  and 
  Aaron,  a  boy  of  three  years,  resided  in  or  near  Memphis,  the 
  capital  city  of  that  time.  In  this  quiet  home  a  male  child  was 
  born  (B.C.  1571).  His  mother  concealed  him  in  the  house  for 
  three  months  from  the  knowledge  of  the  civic  authorities.  But 
  when  the  task  of  concealment  became  difficult,  Jochebed 
  contrived  to  bring  her  child  under  the  notice  of  the  daughter  of 
  the  king  by  constructing  for  him  an  ark  of  bulrushes,  which  she 
  laid  among  the  flags  which  grew  on  the  edge  of  the  river  at  the 
  spot  where  the  princess  was  wont  to  come  down  and  bathe.  Her 
  plan  was  successful.  The  king's  daughter  "saw  the  child;  and 
  behold  the  child  wept."  The  princess  (see  PHARAOH'S  DAUGHTER 
  T0002924  [1])  sent  Miriam,  who  was  standing  by  to  fetch  a 
  nurse.  She  went  and  brought  the  mother  of  the  child,  to  whom  the 
  princess  said  "Take  this  child  away  and  nurse  it  for  me  and  I 
  will  give  thee  thy  wages."  Thus  Jochebed's  child,  whom  the 
  princess  called  "Moses",  i.e.,  "Saved  from  the  water"  (Ex. 
  2:10),  was  ultimately  restored  to  her 
 
  As  soon  as  the  natural  time  for  weaning  the  child  had  come  he 
  was  transferred  from  the  humble  abode  of  his  father  to  the  royal 
  palace,  where  he  was  brought  up  as  the  adopted  son  of  the 
  princess,  his  mother  probably  accompanying  him  and  caring  still 
  for  him  He  grew  up  amid  all  the  grandeur  and  excitement  of  the 
  Egyptian  court,  maintaining,  however,  probably  a  constant 
  fellowship  with  his  mother,  which  was  of  the  highest  importance 
  as  to  his  religious  belief  and  his  interest  in  his  "brethren." 
  His  education  would  doubtless  be  carefully  attended  to  and  he 
  would  enjoy  all  the  advantages  of  training  both  as  to  his  body 
  and  his  mind.  He  at  length  became  "learned  in  all  the  wisdom  of 
  the  Egyptians"  (Acts  7:22).  Egypt  had  then  two  chief  seats  of 
  learning,  or  universities,  at  one  of  which  probably  that  of 
  Heliopolis  his  education  was  completed.  Moses,  being  now  about 
  twenty  years  of  age,  spent  over  twenty  more  before  he  came  into 
  prominence  in  Bible  history.  These  twenty  years  were  probably 
  spent  in  military  service.  There  is  a  tradition  recorded  by 
  Josephus  that  he  took  a  lead  in  the  war  which  was  then  waged 
  between  Egypt  and  Ethiopia,  in  which  he  gained  renown  as  a 
  skilful  general,  and  became  "mighty  in  deeds"  (Acts  7:22). 
 
  After  the  termination  of  the  war  in  Ethiopia,  Moses  returned 
  to  the  Egyptian  court,  where  he  might  reasonably  have  expected 
  to  be  loaded  with  honours  and  enriched  with  wealth.  But  "beneath 
  the  smooth  current  of  his  life  hitherto,  a  life  of  alternate 
  luxury  at  the  court  and  comparative  hardness  in  the  camp  and  in 
  the  discharge  of  his  military  duties,  there  had  lurked  from 
  childhood  to  youth,  and  from  youth  to  manhood,  a  secret 
  discontent,  perhaps  a  secret  ambition.  Moses,  amid  all  his 
  Egyptian  surroundings,  had  never  forgotten,  had  never  wished  to 
  forget,  that  he  was  a  Hebrew."  He  now  resolved  to  make  himself 
  acquainted  with  the  condition  of  his  countrymen,  and  "went  out 
  unto  his  brethren,  and  looked  upon  their  burdens"  (Ex.  2:11). 
  This  tour  of  inspection  revealed  to  him  the  cruel  oppression  and 
  bondage  under  which  they  everywhere  groaned,  and  could  not  fail 
  to  press  on  him  the  serious  consideration  of  his  duty  regarding 
  them  The  time  had  arrived  for  his  making  common  cause  with 
  them  that  he  might  thereby  help  to  break  their  yoke  of  bondage. 
  He  made  his  choice  accordingly  (Heb.  11:25-27),  assured  that  God 
  would  bless  his  resolution  for  the  welfare  of  his  people.  He  now 
  left  the  palace  of  the  king  and  took  up  his  abode,  probably  in 
  his  father's  house,  as  one  of  the  Hebrew  people  who  had  for 
  forty  years  been  suffering  cruel  wrong  at  the  hands  of  the 
  Egyptians. 
 
  He  could  not  remain  indifferent  to  the  state  of  things  around 
  him  and  going  out  one  day  among  the  people,  his  indignation  was 
  roused  against  an  Egyptian  who  was  maltreating  a  Hebrew.  He 
  rashly  lifted  up  his  hand  and  slew  the  Egyptian,  and  hid  his 
  body  in  the  sand.  Next  day  he  went  out  again  and  found  two 
  Hebrews  striving  together.  He  speedily  found  that  the  deed  of 
  the  previous  day  was  known  It  reached  the  ears  of  Pharaoh  (the 
  "great  Rameses,"  Rameses  II.),  who  "sought  to  slay  Moses"  (Ex. 
  2:15).  Moved  by  fear,  Moses  fled  from  Egypt,  and  betook  himself 
  to  the  land  of  Midian,  the  southern  part  of  the  peninsula  of 
  Sinai,  probably  by  much  the  same  route  as  that  by  which  forty 
  years  afterwards,  he  led  the  Israelites  to  Sinai.  He  was 
  providentially  led  to  find  a  new  home  with  the  family  of  Reuel, 
  where  he  remained  for  forty  years  (Acts  7:30),  under  training 
  unconsciously  for  his  great  life's  work 
 
  Suddenly  the  angel  of  the  Lord  appeared  to  him  in  the  burning 
  bush  (Ex.  3),  and  commissioned  him  to  go  down  to  Egypt  and 
  "bring  forth  the  children  of  Israel"  out  of  bondage.  He  was  at 
  first  unwilling  to  go  but  at  length  he  was  obedient  to  the 
  heavenly  vision,  and  left  the  land  of  Midian  (4:18-26).  On  the 
  way  he  was  met  by  Aaron  (q.v.)  and  the  elders  of  Israel  (27-31). 
  He  and  Aaron  had  a  hard  task  before  them  but  the  Lord  was  with 
  them  (ch.  7-12),  and  the  ransomed  host  went  forth  in  triumph. 
  (See  {EXODUS}.)  After  an  eventful  journey  to  and  fro  in 
  the  wilderness,  we  see  them  at  length  encamped  in  the  plains  of 
  Moab,  ready  to  cross  over  the  Jordan  into  the  Promised  Land. 
  There  Moses  addressed  the  assembled  elders  (Deut.  1:1-4; 
  5:1-26:19;  27:11-30:20),  and  gives  the  people  his  last  counsels, 
  and  then  rehearses  the  great  song  (Deut.  32),  clothing  in 
  fitting  words  the  deep  emotions  of  his  heart  at  such  a  time,  and 
  in  review  of  such  a  marvellous  history  as  that  in  which  he  had 
  acted  so  conspicious  a  part  Then,  after  blessing  the  tribes 
  (33),  he  ascends  to  "the  mountain  of  Nebo  (q.v.),  to  the  top  of 
  Pisgah,  that  is  over  against  Jericho"  (34:1),  and  from  thence  he 
  surveys  the  land.  "Jehovah  shewed  him  all  the  land  of  Gilead, 
  unto  Dan,  and  all  Naphtali,  and  the  land  of  Ephraim,  and 
  Manasseh,  and  all  the  land  of  Judah,  unto  the  utmost  sea,  and 
  the  south,  and  the  plain  of  the  valley  of  Jericho,  the  city  of 
  palm  trees,  unto  Zoar"  (Deut.  34:2-3),  the  magnificient 
  inheritance  of  the  tribes  of  whom  he  had  been  so  long  the 
  leader;  and  there  he  died,  being  one  hundred  and  twenty  years 
  old  according  to  the  word  of  the  Lord,  and  was  buried  by  the 
  Lord  "in  a  valley  in  the  land  of  Moab,  over  against  Beth-peor" 
  (34:6).  The  people  mourned  for  him  during  thirty  days. 
 
  Thus  died  "Moses  the  man  of  God"  (Deut.  33:1;  Josh.  14:6).  He 
  was  distinguished  for  his  meekness  and  patience  and  firmness, 
  and  "he  endured  as  seeing  him  who  is  invisible."  "There  arose 
  not  a  prophet  since  in  Israel  like  unto  Moses,  whom  the  Lord 
  knew  face  to  face,  in  all  the  signs  and  the  wonders,  which  the 
  Lord  sent  him  to  do  in  the  land  of  Egypt  to  Pharaoh,  and  to  all 
  his  servants,  and  to  all  his  land,  and  in  all  that  mighty  hand, 
  and  in  all  the  great  terror  which  Moses  shewed  in  the  sight  of 
  all  Israel"  (Deut.  34:10-12). 
 
  The  name  of  Moses  occurs  frequently  in  the  Psalms  and  Prophets 
  as  the  chief  of  the  prophets. 
 
  In  the  New  Testament  he  is  referred  to  as  the  representative 
  of  the  law  and  as  a  type  of  Christ  (John  1:17;  2  Cor.  3:13-18; 
  Heb.  3:5,  6).  Moses  is  the  only  character  in  the  Old  Testament 
  to  whom  Christ  likens  himself  (John  5:46;  comp.  Deut.  18:15,  18, 
  19;  Acts  7:37).  In  Heb.  3:1-19  this  likeness  to  Moses  is  set 
  forth  in  various  particulars. 
 
  In  Jude  1:9  mention  is  made  of  a  contention  between  Michael 
  and  the  devil  about  the  body  of  Moses.  This  dispute  is  supposed 
  to  have  had  reference  to  the  concealment  of  the  body  of  Moses  so 
  as  to  prevent  idolatry. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Moses,  taken  out  drawn  forth 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  MOSES 
  Major  Open  Systems  Environment  Standards 
 
 




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