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soapmore about soap


  6  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Soap  \Soap\,  n.  [OE.  sope,  AS  s[=a]pe;  akin  to  D.  zeep,  G. 
  seife,  OHG.  seifa  Icel.  s[=a]pa,  Sw  s?pa,  Dan.  s?be,  and 
  perhaps  to  AS  s[=i]pan  to  drip,  MHG.  s[=i]fen,  and  L.  sebum 
  tallow.  Cf  {Saponaceous}.] 
  A  substance  which  dissolves  in  water,  thus  forming  a  lather, 
  and  is  used  as  a  cleansing  agent.  Soap  is  produced  by 
  combining  fats  or  oils  with  alkalies  or  alkaline  earths, 
  usually  by  boiling,  and  consists  of  salts  of  sodium, 
  potassium,  etc.,  with  the  fatty  acids  (oleic,  stearic, 
  palmitic,  etc.).  See  the  Note  below,  and  cf 
  {Saponification}.  By  extension,  any  compound  of  similar 
  composition  or  properties,  whether  used  as  a  cleaning  agent 
  or  not 
  Note:  In  general,  soaps  are  of  two  classes,  hard  and  soft. 
  Calcium,  magnesium,  lead,  etc.,  form  soaps,  but  they 
  are  insoluble  and  useless. 
  The  purifying  action  of  soap  depends  upon  the 
  fact  that  it  is  decomposed  by  a  large  quantity  of 
  water  into  free  alkali  and  an  insoluble  acid 
  salt.  The  first  of  these  takes  away  the  fatty 
  dirt  on  washing,  and  the  latter  forms  the  soap 
  lather  which  envelops  the  greasy  matter  and  thus 
  tends  to  remove  it  --Roscoe  & 
  {Castile  soap},  a  fine-grained  hard  soap,  white  or  mottled, 
  made  of  olive  oil  and  soda;  --  called  also  {Marseilles,  or 
  Venetian,  soap}. 
  {Hard  soap},  any  one  of  a  great  variety  of  soaps,  of 
  different  ingredients  and  color,  which  are  hard  and 
  compact.  All  solid  soaps  are  of  this  class. 
  {Lead  soap},  an  insoluble,  white,  pliable  soap  made  by 
  saponifying  an  oil  (olive  oil)  with  lead  oxide;  --  used 
  externally  in  medicine.  Called  also  {lead  plaster}, 
  {diachylon},  etc 
  {Marine  soap}.  See  under  {Marine}. 
  {Pills  of  soap}  (Med.),  pills  containing  soap  and  opium. 
  {Potash  soap},  any  soap  made  with  potash,  esp.  the  soft 
  soaps,  and  a  hard  soap  made  from  potash  and  castor  oil. 
  {Pumice  soap},  any  hard  soap  charged  with  a  gritty  powder,  as 
  silica,  alumina,  powdered  pumice,  etc.,  which  assists 
  mechanically  in  the  removal  of  dirt. 
  {Resin  soap},  a  yellow  soap  containing  resin,  --  used  in 
  {Silicated  soap},  a  cheap  soap  containing  water  glass  (sodium 
  {Soap  bark}.  (Bot.)  See  {Quillaia  bark}. 
  {Soap  bubble},  a  hollow  iridescent  globe,  formed  by  blowing  a 
  film  of  soap  suds  from  a  pipe;  figuratively,  something 
  attractive,  but  extremely  unsubstantial. 
  This  soap  bubble  of  the  metaphysicians.  --J.  C. 
  {Soap  cerate},  a  cerate  formed  of  soap,  olive  oil,  white  wax, 
  and  the  subacetate  of  lead,  sometimes  used  as  an 
  application  to  allay  inflammation. 
  {Soap  fat},  the  refuse  fat  of  kitchens,  slaughter  houses, 
  etc.,  used  in  making  soap. 
  {Soap  liniment}  (Med.),  a  liniment  containing  soap,  camphor, 
  and  alcohol. 
  {Soap  nut},  the  hard  kernel  or  seed  of  the  fruit  of  the 
  soapberry  tree,  --  used  for  making  beads,  buttons,  etc 
  {Soap  plant}  (Bot.),  one  of  several  plants  used  in  the  place 
  of  soap,  as  the  {Chlorogalum  pomeridianum},  a  California 
  plant,  the  bulb  of  which  when  stripped  of  its  husk  and 
  rubbed  on  wet  clothes,  makes  a  thick  lather,  and  smells 
  not  unlike  new  brown  soap.  It  is  called  also  {soap  apple}, 
  {soap  bulb},  and  {soap  weed}. 
  {Soap  tree}.  (Bot.)  Same  as  {Soapberry  tree}. 
  {Soda  soap},  a  soap  containing  a  sodium  salt.  The  soda  soaps 
  are  all  hard  soaps. 
  {Soft  soap},  a  soap  of  a  gray  or  brownish  yellow  color,  and 
  of  a  slimy,  jellylike  consistence,  made  from  potash  or  the 
  lye  from  wood  ashes.  It  is  strongly  alkaline  and  often 
  contains  glycerin,  and  is  used  in  scouring  wood,  in 
  cleansing  linen,  in  dyehouses,  etc  Figuratively, 
  flattery;  wheedling;  blarney.  [Colloq.] 
  {Toilet  soap},  hard  soap  for  the  toilet,  usually  colored  and 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Soap  \Soap\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Soaped};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  1.  To  rub  or  wash  over  with  soap. 
  2.  To  flatter;  to  wheedle.  [Slang] 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  a  cleansing  agent  made  from  the  salts  of  vegetable  or  animal 
  2:  money  offered  as  a  bribe 
  v  1:  cover  with  soap  [syn:  {lather}] 
  2:  rub  soap  all  over  usually  with  the  purpose  of  cleaning 
  [syn:  {lather}] 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
  Symbolic  Optimal  Assembly  Program.  The  {IBM  650}'s  {assembly 
  language}.  Optimal"  refers  to  rearranging  instructions  on 
  slowly  rotating  {drum  memory}. 
  Versions:  SOAP  I,  SOAP  II  CASE  SOAP  III. 
  [Listed  in  CACM  2(5):16  (May  1959)]. 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  (Jer.  2:22;  Mal.  3:2;  Heb.  borith),  properly  a  vegetable  alkali, 
  obtained  from  the  ashes  of  certain  plants,  particularly  the 
  salsola  kali  (saltwort),  which  abounds  on  the  shores  of  the  Dead 
  Sea  and  of  the  Mediterranean.  It  does  not  appear  that  the 
  Hebrews  were  acquainted  with  what  is  now  called  "soap,"  which  is 
  a  compound  of  alkaline  carbonates  with  oleaginous  matter.  The 
  word  purely"  in  Isa.  1:25  (R.V.,  "throughly;"  marg.,  "as  with 
  lye")  is  lit.  "as  with  _bor_."  This  word  means  "clearness,"  and 
  hence  also  that  which  makes  clear,  or  pure,  alkali.  "The 
  ancients  made  use  of  alkali  mingled  with  oil,  instead  of  soap 
  (Job  9:30),  and  also  in  smelting  metals,  to  make  them  melt  and 
  flow  more  readily  and  purely"  (Gesenius). 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
  Symbolic  Optimizer  and  Assembly  Program 

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