browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
apostle

more about apostle

apostle


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Apostle  \A*pos"tle\,  n.  [OE.  apostle,  apostel,  postle,  AS 
  apostol,  L.  apostolus  fr  Gr  ?  messenger,  one  sent  forth  or 
  away  fr  ?  to  send  off  or  away  ?  from  +  ?  to  send  akin  to 
  G.  stellen  to  set  E.  stall:  cf  F.  ap[^o]tre,  Of  apostre, 
  apostle,  apostele,  apostole.] 
  1.  Literally:  One  sent  forth;  a  messenger.  Specifically:  One 
  of  the  twelve  disciples  of  Christ,  specially  chosen  as  his 
  companions  and  witnesses,  and  sent  forth  to  preach  the 
  gospel. 
 
  He  called  unto  him  his  disciples,  and  of  them  he 
  chose  twelve,  whom  also  he  named  apostles.  --Luke 
  vi  13. 
 
  Note:  The  title  of  apostle  is  also  applied  to  others  who 
  though  not  of  the  number  of  the  Twelve,  yet  were  equal 
  with  them  in  office  and  dignity;  as  ``Paul,  called  to 
  be  an  apostle  of  Jesus  Christ.''  --1  Cor.  i.  1.  In 
  --Heb.  iii.  1,  the  name  is  given  to  Christ  himself,  as 
  having  been  sent  from  heaven  to  publish  the  gospel.  In 
  the  primitive  church,  other  ministers  were  called 
  apostles  --(Rom.  xvi.  7). 
 
  2.  The  missionary  who  first  plants  the  Christian  faith  in  any 
  part  of  the  world;  also  one  who  initiates  any  great  moral 
  reform,  or  first  advocates  any  important  belief;  one  who 
  has  extraordinary  success  as  a  missionary  or  reformer;  as 
  Dionysius  of  Corinth  is  called  the  apostle  of  France,  John 
  Eliot  the  apostle  to  the  Indians,  Theobald  Mathew  the 
  apostle  of  temperance. 
 
  3.  (Civ.  &  Admiralty  Law)  A  brief  letter  dimissory  sent  by  a 
  court  appealed  from  to  the  superior  court,  stating  the 
  case,  etc.;  a  paper  sent  up  on  appeals  in  the  admiralty 
  courts.  --Wharton.  Burrill 
 
  {Apostles'  creed},  a  creed  of  unknown  origin,  which  was 
  formerly  ascribed  to  the  apostles.  It  certainly  dates  back 
  to  the  beginning  of  the  sixth  century,  and  some  assert 
  that  it  can  be  found  in  the  writings  of  Ambrose  in  the 
  fourth  century. 
 
  {Apostle  spoon}  (Antiq.),  a  spoon  of  silver,  with  the  handle 
  terminating  in  the  figure  of  an  apostle.  One  or  more  were 
  offered  by  sponsors  at  baptism  as  a  present  to  the 
  godchild.  --B.  Jonson 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  apostle 
  n  1:  an  ardent  early  supporter  of  a  cause  or  reform 
  2:  one  of  the  original  12  disciples  chosen  by  Christ  to  preach 
  his  gospel  [syn:  {Apostle}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Apostle 
  a  person  sent  by  another;  a  messenger;  envoy.  This  word  is  once 
  used  as  a  descriptive  designation  of  Jesus  Christ,  the  Sent  of 
  the  Father  (Heb.  3:1;  John  20:21).  It  is  however,  generally 
  used  as  designating  the  body  of  disciples  to  whom  he  intrusted 
  the  organization  of  his  church  and  the  dissemination  of  his 
  gospel,  "the  twelve,"  as  they  are  called  (Matt.  10:1-5;  Mark 
  3:14;  6:7;  Luke  6:13;  9:1).  We  have  four  lists  of  the  apostles, 
  one  by  each  of  the  synoptic  evangelists  (Matt.  10:2-4;  Mark 
  3:16;  Luke  6:14),  and  one  in  the  Acts  (1:13).  No  two  of  these 
  lists,  however,  perfectly  coincide. 
 
  Our  Lord  gave  them  the  "keys  of  the  kingdom,"  and  by  the  gift 
  of  his  Spirit  fitted  them  to  be  the  founders  and  governors  of 
  his  church  (John  14:16,  17,  26;  15:26,  27;  16:7-15).  To  them  as 
  representing  his  church,  he  gave  the  commission  to  "preach  the 
  gospel  to  every  creature"  (Matt.  28:18-20).  After  his  ascension 
  he  communicated  to  them  according  to  his  promise,  supernatural 
  gifts  to  qualify  them  for  the  discharge  of  their  duties  (Acts 
  2:4;  1  Cor.  2:16;  2:7,  10,  13;  2  Cor.  5:20;  1  Cor.  11:2).  Judas 
  Iscariot,  one  of  "the  twelve,"  fell  by  transgression,  and 
  Matthias  was  substituted  in  his  place  (Acts  1:21).  Saul  of 
  Tarsus  was  afterwards  added  to  their  number  (Acts  9:3-20;  20:4; 
  26:15-18;  1  Tim.  1:12;  2:7;  2  Tim.  1:11). 
 
  Luke  has  given  some  account  of  Peter,  John,  and  the  two 
  Jameses  (Acts  12:2,  17;  15:13;  21:18),  but  beyond  this  we  know 
  nothing  from  authentic  history  of  the  rest  of  the  original 
  twelve.  After  the  martyrdom  of  James  the  Greater  (Acts  12:2), 
  James  the  Less  usually  resided  at  Jerusalem,  while  Paul,  "the 
  apostle  of  the  uncircumcision,"  usually  travelled  as  a 
  missionary  among  the  Gentiles  (Gal.  2:8).  It  was  characteristic 
  of  the  apostles  and  necessary  (1)  that  they  should  have  seen  the 
  Lord,  and  been  able  to  testify  of  him  and  of  his  resurrection 
  from  personal  knowledge  (John  15:27;  Acts  1:21,  22;  1  Cor.  9:1; 
  Acts  22:14,  15).  (2.)  They  must  have  been  immediately  called  to 
  that  office  by  Christ  (Luke  6:13;  Gal.  1:1).  (3.)  It  was 
  essential  that  they  should  be  infallibly  inspired,  and  thus 
  secured  against  all  error  and  mistake  in  their  public  teaching, 
  whether  by  word  or  by  writing  (John  14:26;  16:13;  1  Thess. 
  2:13). 
 
  (4.)  Another  qualification  was  the  power  of  working  miracles 
  (Mark  16:20;  Acts  2:43;  1  Cor.  12:8-11).  The  apostles  therefore 
  could  have  had  no  successors.  They  are  the  only  authoritative 
  teachers  of  the  Christian  doctrines.  The  office  of  an  apostle 
  ceased  with  its  first  holders. 
 
  In  2  Cor.  8:23  and  Phil.  2:25  the  word  messenger"  is  the 
  rendering  of  the  same  Greek  word  elsewhere  rendered  "apostle." 
 




more about apostle