browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
capsicum

more about capsicum

capsicum


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Pepper  \Pep"per\,  n.  [OE.  peper,  AS  pipor,  L.  piper,  fr  Gr  ?, 
  ?,  akin  to  Skr.  pippala  pippali.] 
  1.  A  well-known,  pungently  aromatic  condiment,  the  dried 
  berry,  either  whole  or  powdered,  of  the  {Piper  nigrum}. 
 
  Note:  Common,  or  black,  pepper  is  made  from  the  whole  berry, 
  dried  just  before  maturity;  white  pepper  is  made  from 
  the  ripe  berry  after  the  outer  skin  has  been  removed  by 
  maceration  and  friction.  It  has  less  of  the  peculiar 
  properties  of  the  plant  than  the  black  pepper.  Pepper 
  is  used  in  medicine  as  a  carminative  stimulant. 
 
  2.  (Bot.)  The  plant  which  yields  pepper,  an  East  Indian  woody 
  climber  ({Piper  nigrum}),  with  ovate  leaves  and  apetalous 
  flowers  in  spikes  opposite  the  leaves.  The  berries  are  red 
  when  ripe.  Also  by  extension,  any  one  of  the  several 
  hundred  species  of  the  genus  {Piper},  widely  dispersed 
  throughout  the  tropical  and  subtropical  regions  of  the 
  earth. 
 
  3.  Any  plant  of  the  genus  Capsicum,  and  its  fruit;  red 
  pepper;  as  the  bell  pepper. 
 
  Note:  The  term  pepper  has  been  extended  to  various  other 
  fruits  and  plants,  more  or  less  closely  resembling  the 
  true  pepper,  esp.  to  the  common  varieties  of 
  {Capsicum}.  See  {Capsicum},  and  the  Phrases,  below. 
 
  {African  pepper},  the  Guinea  pepper.  See  under  {Guinea}. 
 
  {Cayenne  pepper}.  See  under  {Cayenne}. 
 
  {Chinese  pepper},  the  spicy  berries  of  the  {Xanthoxylum 
  piperitum},  a  species  of  prickly  ash  found  in  China  and 
  Japan. 
 
  {Guinea  pepper}.  See  under  {Guinea},  and  {Capsicum}. 
 
  {Jamaica  pepper}.  See  {Allspice}. 
 
  {Long  pepper}. 
  a  The  spike  of  berries  of  {Piper  longum},  an  East  Indian 
  shrub. 
  b  The  root  of  {Piper,  or  Macropiper  methysticum}.  See 
  {Kava}. 
 
  {Malaguetta},  or  {Meleguetta},  {pepper},  the  aromatic  seeds 
  of  the  {Amomum  Melegueta},  an  African  plant  of  the  Ginger 
  family.  They  are  sometimes  used  to  flavor  beer,  etc., 
  under  the  name  of  {grains  of  Paradise}. 
 
  {Red  pepper}.  See  {Capsicum}. 
 
  {Sweet  pepper  bush}  (Bot.),  an  American  shrub  ({Clethra 
  alnifolia}),  with  racemes  of  fragrant  white  flowers;  -- 
  called  also  {white  alder}. 
 
  {Pepper  box}  or  {caster},  a  small  box  or  bottle,  with  a 
  perforated  lid,  used  for  sprinkling  ground  pepper  on  food, 
  etc 
 
  {Pepper  corn}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Pepper  elder}  (Bot.),  a  West  Indian  name  of  several  plants 
  of  the  Pepper  family,  species  of  {Piper}  and  {Peperomia}. 
 
 
  {Pepper  moth}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  European  moth  ({Biston 
  betularia})  having  white  wings  covered  with  small  black 
  specks. 
 
  {Pepper  pot},  a  mucilaginous  soup  or  stew  of  vegetables  and 
  cassareep,  much  esteemed  in  the  West  Indies. 
 
  {Pepper  root}.  (Bot.).  See  {Coralwort}. 
 
  {pepper  sauce},  a  condiment  for  the  table,  made  of  small  red 
  peppers  steeped  in  vinegar. 
 
  {Pepper  tree}  (Bot.),  an  aromatic  tree  ({Drimys  axillaris}) 
  of  the  Magnolia  family,  common  in  New  Zealand.  See 
  {Peruvian  mastic  tree},  under  {Mastic}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Capsicum  \Cap"si*cum\  (k[a^]p"s[i^]*k[u^]m),  n.  [NL.,  fr  L. 
  capsa  box,  chest.]  (Bot.) 
  A  genus  of  plants  of  many  species,  producing  capsules  or  dry 
  berries  of  various  forms,  which  have  an  exceedingly  pungent, 
  biting  taste,  and  when  ground  form  the  red  or  Cayenne  pepper 
  of  commerce.  [1913  Webster] 
 
  Note:  The  most  important  species  are  {Capsicum  baccatum}  or 
  bird  pepper,  {C.  fastigiatum}  or  chili  pepper,  {C. 
  frutescens}  or  spur  pepper,  and  {C.  annuum}  or  Guinea 
  pepper,  which  includes  the  bell  pepper  and  other  common 
  garden  varieties.  The  fruit  is  much  used  both  in  its 
  green  and  ripe  state,  in  pickles  and  in  cookery.  See 
  {Cayenne  pepper}.  [1913  Webster] 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  capsicum 
  n  :  any  of  various  tropical  plants  of  the  genus  Capsicum  bearing 
  peppers  [syn:  {pepper},  {capsicum  pepper  plant}] 




more about capsicum