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gihon


gihon


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gihon 
  a  stream.  (1.)  One  of  the  four  rivers  of  Eden  (Gen.  2:13).  It 
  has  been  identified  with  the  Nile.  Others  regard  it  as  the  Oxus, 
  or  the  Araxes  or  the  Ganges.  But  as  according  to  the  sacred 
  narrative,  all  these  rivers  of  Eden  took  their  origin  from  the 
  head-waters  of  the  Euphrates  and  the  Trigris,  it  is  probable 
  that  the  Gihon  is  the  ancient  Araxes  which  under  the  modern 
  name  of  the  Arras,  discharges  itself  into  the  Caspian  Sea.  It 
  was  the  Asiatic  and  not  the  African  Cush"  which  the  Gihon 
  compassed  (Gen.  10:7-10).  (See  {EDEN}.) 
 
  (2.)  The  only  natural  spring  of  water  in  or  near  Jerusalem  is 
  the  "Fountain  of  the  Virgin"  (q.v.),  which  rises  outside  the 
  city  walls  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Kidron  valley.  On  the 
  occasion  of  the  approach  of  the  Assyrian  army  under  Sennacherib, 
  Hezekiah,  in  order  to  prevent  the  besiegers  from  finding  water, 
  "stopped  the  upper  water  course  of  Gihon,  and  brought  it 
  straight  down  to  the  west  side  of  the  city  of  David"  (2  Chr. 
  32:30;  33:14).  This  fountain"  or  spring  is  therefore  to  be 
  regarded  as  the  "upper  water  course  of  Gihon."  From  this 
  fountain"  a  tunnel  cut  through  the  ridge  which  forms  the  south 
  part  of  the  temple  hill  conveys  the  water  to  the  Pool  of  Siloam, 
  which  lies  on  the  opposite  side  of  this  ridge  at  the  head  of  the 
  Tyropoeon  ("cheesemakers'")  valley,  or  valley  of  the  son  of 
  Hinnom,  now  filled  up  by  rubbish.  The  length  of  this  tunnel  is 
  about  1,750  feet.  In  1880  an  inscription  was  accidentally 
  discovered  on  the  wall  of  the  tunnel  about  nineteen  feet  from 
  where  it  opens  into  the  Pool  of  Siloam.  This  inscription  was 
  executed  in  all  probability  by  Hezekiah's  workmen.  It  briefly 
  narrates  the  history  of  the  excavation.  It  may  however,  be 
  possible  that  this  tunnel  was  executed  in  the  time  of  Solomon. 
  If  the  "waters  of  Shiloah  that  go  softly"  (Isa.  8:6)  refers  to 
  the  gentle  stream  that  still  flows  through  the  tunnel  into  the 
  Pool  of  Siloam,  then  this  excavation  must  have  existed  before 
  the  time  of  Hezekiah. 
 
  In  the  upper  part  of  the  Tyropoeoan  valley  there  are  two  pools 
  still  existing,  the  first  called  Birket  el-Mamilla,  to  the  west 
  of  the  Jaffa  gate;  the  second  to  the  south  of  the  first  called 
  Birket  es-Sultan.  It  is  the  opinion  of  some  that  the  former  was 
  the  upper"  and  the  latter  the  lower"  Pool  of  Gihon  (2  Kings 
  18:17;  Isa.  7:3;  36:2;  22:9).  (See  {CONDUIT};  {SILOAM}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Gihon,  valley  of  grace