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ascii


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Ascii  \As"ci*i\,  Ascians  \As"cians\,  n.  pl  [L.  ascii,  pl  of 
  ascius  Gr  ?  without  shadow;  'a  priv.  +  ?  shadow.] 
  Persons  who  at  certain  times  of  the  year,  have  no  shadow  at 
  noon;  --  applied  to  the  inhabitants  of  the  torrid  zone,  who 
  have  twice  a  year,  a  vertical  sun. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  ASCII 
  n  :  (computer  science)  American  Standard  Code  for  Information 
  Interchange;  a  code  for  information  exchange  between 
  computers  made  by  different  companies;  a  string  of  7 
  binary  digits  represents  each  character;  used  in  most 
  microcomputers  [syn:  {ASCII}] 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  ASCII  /as'kee/  n.  [originally  an  acronym  (American  Standard 
  Code  for  Information  Interchange)  but  now  merely  conventional] 
  The  predominant  character  set  encoding  of  present-day  computers. 
  The  standard  version  uses  7  bits  for  each  character,  whereas  most  earlier 
  codes  (including  early  drafts  of  ASCII  prior  to  June  1961)  used  fewer. 
  This  change  allowed  the  inclusion  of  lowercase  letters  --  a  major  {win} 
  --  but  it  did  not  provide  for  accented  letters  or  any  other  letterforms 
  not  used  in  English  (such  as  the  German  sharp-S 
  or  the  ae-ligature  which  is  a  letter  in  for  example,  Norwegian). 
  It  could  be  worse,  though.  It  could  be  much  worse.  See  {{EBCDIC}} 
  to  understand  how  A  history  of  ASCII  and  its  ancestors  is  at 
  `http://www.wps.com/texts/codes/index.html'. 
 
  Computers  are  much  pickier  and  less  flexible  about  spelling  than 
  humans;  thus  hackers  need  to  be  very  precise  when  talking  about 
  characters,  and  have  developed  a  considerable  amount  of  verbal  shorthand 
  for  them  Every  character  has  one  or  more  names  --  some  formal,  some 
  concise,  some  silly.  Common  jargon  names  for  ASCII  characters  are 
  collected  here  See  also  individual  entries  for  {bang},  {excl},  {open}, 
  {ques},  {semi},  {shriek},  {splat},  {twiddle},  and  {Yu-Shiang  Whole  Fish}. 
 
  This  list  derives  from  revision  2.3  of  the  Usenet  ASCII 
  pronunciation  guide.  Single  characters  are  listed  in  ASCII  order 
  character  pairs  are  sorted  in  by  first  member.  For  each  character, 
  common  names  are  given  in  rough  order  of  popularity,  followed  by 
  names  that  are  reported  but  rarely  seen;  official  ANSI/CCITT  names  are 
  surrounded  by  brokets:  <>.  Square  brackets  mark  the  particularly  silly 
  names  introduced  by  {INTERCAL}.  The  abbreviations  "l/r"  and  "o/c"  stand 
  for  left/right  and  "open/close"  respectively.  Ordinary  parentheticals 
  provide  some  usage  information. 
 
  ! 
  Common:  {bang};  pling;  excl;  not  shriek;  ball-bat;  .  Rare:  factorial;  exclam;  smash;  cuss;  boing;  yell;  wow; 
  hey;  wham;  eureka;  [spark-spot];  soldier,  control. 
 
  " 
  Common:  double  quote;  quote.  Rare:  literal  mark;  double-glitch; 
  ;  ;  dirk;  [rabbit-ears];  double  prime. 
 
  # 
  Common:  number  sign;  pound;  pound  sign;  hash;  sharp;  {crunch}; 
  hex;  [mesh].  Rare:  grid;  crosshatch;  octothorpe;  flash;  , 
  pig-pen;  tictactoe;  scratchmark  thud;  thump;  {splat}. 
 
  $ 
  Common:  dollar;  .  Rare:  currency  symbol;  buck;  cash; 
  string  (from  BASIC);  escape  (when  used  as  the  echo  of  ASCII  ESC); 
  ding;  cache;  [big  money]. 
 
  % 
  Common:  percent;  ;  mod;  grapes.  Rare: 
  [double-oh-seven]. 
 
  & 
  Common:  ;  amp;  amper;  and  and  sign.  Rare:  address 
  (from  C);  reference  (from  C++);  andpersand  bitand  background 
  (from  `sh(1)');  pretzel.  [INTERCAL  called  this  `ampersand';  what 
  could  be  sillier?] 
 
  ' 
  Common:  single  quote;  quote;  .  Rare:  prime;  glitch; 
  tick;  irk;  pop;  [spark];  single  quotation  mark>;  . 
 
  (  ) 
  Common:  l/r  paren;  l/r  parenthesis;  left/right;  open/close; 
  paren/thesis;  o/c  paren;  o/c  parenthesis;  l/r  parenthesis; 
  l/r  banana.  Rare:  so/already;  lparen/rparen;  ;  o/c  round  bracket,  l/r  round  bracket,  [wax/wane]; 
  parenthisey/unparenthisey;  l/r  ear. 
 
  * 
  Common:  star;  [{splat}];  .  Rare:  wildcard  gear; 
  dingle;  mult;  spider;  aster;  times;  twinkle;  glob  (see  {glob}); 
  {Nathan  Hale}. 
 
  + 
  Common:  ;  add  Rare:  cross;  [intersection]. 
 
  , 
  Common:  .  Rare:  ;  [tail]. 
 
  - 
  Common:  dash;  ;  .  Rare:  [worm];  option;  dak; 
  bithorpe 
 
  . 
  Common:  dot;  point;  ;  .  Rare:  radix  point; 
  full  stop;  [spot]. 
 
  / 
  Common:  slash;  stroke;  ;  forward  slash.  Rare:  diagonal; 
  solidus;  over  slak;  virgule;  [slat]. 
 
  : 
  Common:  .  Rare:  dots;  [two-spot]. 
 
  ; 
  Common:  ;  semi.  Rare:  weenie;  [hybrid],  pit-thwong. 
 
  <  > 
  Common:  ;  bra/ket;  l/r  angle;  l/r  angle  bracket; 
  l/r  broket.  Rare:  from/{into,  towards};  read  from/write  to 
  suck/blow;  comes-from/gozinta;  in/out;  crunch/zap  (all  from  UNIX); 
  tic/tac;  [angle/right  angle]. 
 
  = 
  Common:  ;  gets;  takes  Rare:  quadrathorpe  [half-mesh]. 
 
  ? 
  Common:  query;  ;  {ques}.  Rare:  quiz;  whatmark 
  [what];  wildchar  huh;  hook;  buttonhook;  hunchback. 
 
  @ 
  Common:  at  sign;  at  strudel.  Rare:  each  vortex;  whorl; 
  [whirlpool];  cyclone;  snail;  ape;  cat;  rose;  cabbage;  . 
 
  V 
  Rare:  [book]. 
 
  [  ] 
  Common:  l/r  square  bracket;  l/r  bracket;  ; 
  bracket/unbracket.  Rare:  square/unsquare;  [U  turn/U  turn  back]. 
 
  \ 
  Common:  backslash,  hack,  whack;  escape  (from  C/UNIX);  reverse  slash; 
  slosh;  backslant  backwhack  Rare:  bash;  ;  reversed 
  virgule;  [backslat]. 
 
  ^ 
  Common:  hat;  control;  uparrow;  caret;  .  Rare:  xor  sign, 
  chevron;  [shark  (or  shark-fin)];  to  the  (`to  the  power  of');  fang; 
  pointer  (in  Pascal). 
 
  _ 
  Common:  ;  underscore;  underbar  under  Rare:  score; 
  backarrow  skid;  [flatworm]. 
 
  ` 
  Common:  backquote  left  quote;  left  single  quote;  open  quote;  ;  grave.  Rare:  backprime  [backspark];  unapostrophe  birk; 
  blugle;  back  tick;  back  glitch;  push  single  quotation 
  mark>;  quasiquote 
 
  {  } 
  Common:  o/c  brace;  l/r  brace;  l/r  squiggly;  l/r  squiggly 
  bracket/brace;  l/r  curly  bracket/brace;  . 
  Rare:  brace/unbrace;  curly/uncurly;  leftit/rytit;  l/r  squirrelly 
  [embrace/bracelet].  A  balanced  pair  of  these  may  be  called 
  `curlies'. 
 
  | 
  Common:  bar;  or  or-bar;  v-bar;  pipe;  vertical  bar.  Rare:  ;  gozinta  thru;  pipesinta  (last  three  from  UNIX);  [spike]. 
 
  ~ 
  Common:  ;  squiggle;  {twiddle};  not  Rare:  approx;  wiggle; 
  swung  dash;  enyay  [sqiggle  (sic)]. 
 
  The  pronunciation  of  `#'  as  `pound'  is  common  in  the  U.S.  but  a  bad 
  idea;  {{Commonwealth  Hackish}}  has  its  own  rather  more  apposite  use  of 
  `pound  sign'  (confusingly,  on  British  keyboards  the  pound  graphic 
  happens  to  replace  `#';  thus  Britishers  sometimes  call  `#'  on  a 
  U.S.-ASCII  keyboard  `pound',  compounding  the  American  error).  The 
  U.S.  usage  derives  from  an  old-fashioned  commercial  practice  of  using  a 
  `#'  suffix  to  tag  pound  weights  on  bills  of  lading.  The  character  is 
  usually  pronounced  `hash'  outside  the  U.S.  There  are  more  culture  wars 
  over  the  correct  pronunciation  of  this  character  than  any  other  which 
  has  led  to  the  {ha  ha  only  serious}  suggestion  that  it  be  pronounced 
  `shibboleth'  (see  Judges  12:6  in  an  Old  Testament  or  Tanakh). 
 
  The  `uparrow'  name  for  circumflex  and  `leftarrow'  name  for 
  underline  are  historical  relics  from  archaic  ASCII  (the  1963  version), 
  which  had  these  graphics  in  those  character  positions  rather  than  the 
  modern  punctuation  characters. 
 
  The  `swung  dash'  or  `approximation'  sign  is  not  quite  the  same  as 
  tilde  in  typeset  material  but  the  ASCII  tilde  serves  for  both  (compare 
  {angle  brackets}). 
 
  Some  other  common  usages  cause  odd  overlaps.  The  `#',  `$',  `>', 
  and  `&'  characters,  for  example,  are  all  pronounced  hex"  in  different 
  communities  because  various  assemblers  use  them  as  a  prefix  tag  for 
  hexadecimal  constants  (in  particular,  `#'  in  many  assembler-programming 
  cultures,  `$'  in  the  6502  world,  `>'  at  Texas  Instruments,  and  `&' 
  on  the  BBC  Micro,  Sinclair,  and  some  Z80  machines).  See  also  {splat}. 
 
  The  inability  of  ASCII  text  to  correctly  represent  any  of  the 
  world's  other  major  languages  makes  the  designers'  choice  of  7  bits  look 
  more  and  more  like  a  serious  {misfeature}  as  the  use  of  international 
  networks  continues  to  increase  (see  {software  rot}).  Hardware  and 
  software  from  the  U.S.  still  tends  to  embody  the  assumption  that  ASCII 
  is  the  universal  character  set  and  that  characters  have  7  bits;  this 
  is  a  major  irritant  to  people  who  want  to  use  a  character  set  suited  to 
  their  own  languages.  Perversely,  though,  efforts  to  solve  this  problem  by 
  proliferating  `national'  character  sets  produce  an  evolutionary  pressure 
  to  use  a  _smaller_  subset  common  to  all  those  in  use 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  ASCII 
 
  {American  Standard  Code  for  Information  Interchange} 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  ASCII 
  American  Standard  Code  of  Information  Interchange 
 
 




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