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chancellor

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chancellor


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Chancellor  \Chan"cel*lor\,  n.  [OE.  canceler,  chaunceler  F. 
  chancelier,  LL  cancellarius  chancellor,  a  director  of 
  chancery,  fr  L.  cancelli  lattices,  crossbars,  which 
  surrounded  the  seat  of  judgment.  See  {Chancel}.] 
  A  judicial  court  of  chancery,  which  in  England  and  in  the 
  United  States  is  distinctively  a  court  with  equity 
  jurisdiction. 
 
  Note:  The  chancellor  was  originally  a  chief  scribe  or 
  secretary  under  the  Roman  emperors,  but  afterward  was 
  invested  with  judicial  powers,  and  had  superintendence 
  over  the  other  officers  of  the  empire.  From  the  Roman 
  empire  this  office  passed  to  the  church,  and  every 
  bishop  has  his  chancellor,  the  principal  judge  of  his 
  consistory.  In  later  times,  in  most  countries  of 
  Europe,  the  chancellor  was  a  high  officer  of  state, 
  keeper  of  the  great  seal  of  the  kingdom,  and  having  the 
  supervision  of  all  charters,  and  like  public 
  instruments  of  the  crown,  which  were  authenticated  in 
  the  most  solemn  manner.  In  France  a  secretary  is  in 
  some  cases  called  a  chancellor.  In  Scotland,  the 
  appellation  is  given  to  the  foreman  of  a  jury,  or 
  assize.  In  the  present  German  empire,  the  chancellor  is 
  the  president  of  the  federal  council  and  the  head  of 
  the  imperial  administration.  In  the  United  States,  the 
  title  is  given  to  certain  judges  of  courts  of  chancery 
  or  equity,  established  by  the  statutes  of  separate 
  States.  --Blackstone.  Wharton. 
 
  {Chancellor}  {of  a  bishop,  or  of  a  diocese}  (R.  C.  Ch  &  ch 
  of  Eng.),  a  law  officer  appointed  to  hold  the  bishop's 
  court  in  his  diocese,  and  to  assist  him  in  matter  of 
  ecclesiastical  law. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  a  cathedral},  one  of  the  four  chief 
  dignitaries  of  the  cathedrals  of  the  old  foundation,  and 
  an  officer  whose  duties  are  chiefly  educational,  with 
  special  reference  to  the  cultivation  of  theology. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster},  an  officer  before 
  whom  or  his  deputy,  the  court  of  the  duchy  chamber  of 
  Lancaster  is  held.  This  is  a  special  jurisdiction. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  a  university},  the  chief  officer  of  a 
  collegiate  body.  In  Oxford,  he  is  elected  for  life;  in 
  Cambridge,  for  a  term  of  years;  and  his  office  is 
  honorary,  the  chief  duties  of  it  devolving  on  the  vice 
  chancellor. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  the  exchequer},  a  member  of  the  British 
  cabinet  upon  whom  devolves  the  charge  of  the  public  income 
  and  expenditure  as  the  highest  finance  minister  of  the 
  government. 
 
  {Chancellor  of  the  order  of  the  Garter}  (or  other  military 
  orders),  an  officer  who  seals  the  commissions  and  mandates 
  of  the  chapter  and  assembly  of  the  knights,  keeps  the 
  register  of  their  proceedings,  and  delivers  their  acts 
  under  the  seal  of  their  order 
 
  {Lord  high  chancellor  of  England},  the  presiding  judge  in  the 
  court  of  chancery,  the  highest  judicial  officer  of  the 
  crown,  and  the  first  lay  person  of  the  state  after  the 
  blood  royal.  He  is  created  chancellor  by  the  delivery  into 
  his  custody  of  the  great  seal,  of  which  he  becomes  keeper. 
  He  is  privy  counselor  by  his  office,  and  prolocutor  of  the 
  House  of  Lords  by  prescription. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  chancellor 
  n  1:  the  person  who  is  head  of  state  (in  several  countries)  [syn: 
  {premier},  {prime  minister}] 
  2:  (British)  the  honorary  or  titular  head  of  a  university 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Chancellor,  AL 
  Zip  code(s):  36316 
  Chancellor,  SD  (town,  FIPS  11380) 
  Location:  43.37240  N,  96.98743  W 
  Population  (1990):  276  (132  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.6  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  57015 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Chancellor 
  one  who  has  judicial  authority,  literally,  a  "lord  of 
  judgement;"  a  title  given  to  the  Persian  governor  of  Samaria 
  (Ezra  4:8,  9,  17). 
 




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