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deuteronomy

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deuteronomy


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Deuteronomy  \Deu`ter*on"o*my\,  n.  [Gr.  ?;  ?  second  +  ?  law:  cf 
  L.  Deuteronomium.]  (Bibl.) 
  The  fifth  book  of  the  Pentateuch,  containing  the  second 
  giving  of  the  law  by  Moses. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Deuteronomy 
  n  :  the  fifth  book  of  the  Old  Testament;  contains  a  second 
  statement  of  Mosaic  Law  [syn:  {Deuteronomy}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Deuteronomy 
  In  all  the  Hebrew  manuscripts  the  Pentateuch  (q.v.)  forms  one 
  roll  or  volume  divided  into  larger  and  smaller  sections  called 
  _parshioth_  and  _sedarim_.  It  is  not  easy  to  say  when  it  was 
  divided  into  five  books.  This  was  probably  first  done  by  the 
  Greek  translators  of  the  book,  whom  the  Vulgate  follows.  The 
  fifth  of  these  books  was  called  by  the  Greeks  Deuteronomion 
  i.e.,  the  second  law,  hence  our  name  Deuteronomy,  or  a  second 
  statement  of  the  laws  already  promulgated.  The  Jews  designated 
  the  book  by  the  two  first  Hebrew  words  that  occur,  _'Elle 
  haddabharim_,  i.e.,  "These  are  the  words."  They  divided  it  into 
  eleven  _parshioth_.  In  the  English  Bible  it  contains  thirty-four 
  chapters. 
 
  It  consists  chiefly  of  three  discourses  delivered  by  Moses  a 
  short  time  before  his  death.  They  were  spoken  to  all  Israel  in 
  the  plains  of  Moab,  in  the  eleventh  month  of  the  last  year  of 
  their  wanderings. 
 
  The  first  discourse  (1-4:40)  recapitulates  the  chief  events  of 
  the  last  forty  years  in  the  wilderness,  with  earnest 
  exhortations  to  obedience  to  the  divine  ordinances,  and  warnings 
  against  the  danger  of  forsaking  the  God  of  their  fathers. 
 
  The  seond  discourse  (5-26:19)  is  in  effect  the  body  of  the 
  whole  book.  The  first  address  is  introductory  to  it  It  contains 
  practically  a  recapitulation  of  the  law  already  given  by  God  at 
  Mount  Sinai,  together  with  many  admonitions  and  injunctions  as 
  to  the  course  of  conduct  they  were  to  follow  when  they  were 
  settled  in  Canaan. 
 
  The  concluding  discourse  (ch.  27-30)  relates  almost  wholly  to 
  the  solemn  sanctions  of  the  law,  the  blessings  to  the  obedient, 
  and  the  curse  that  would  fall  on  the  rebellious.  He  solemnly 
  adjures  them  to  adhere  faithfully  to  the  covenant  God  had  made 
  with  them  and  so  secure  for  themselves  and  their  posterity  the 
  promised  blessings. 
 
  These  addresses  to  the  people  are  followed  by  what  may  be 
  called  three  appendices,  namely  (1),  a  song  which  God  had 
  commanded  Moses  to  write  (32:1-47);  (2)  the  blessings  he 
  pronounced  on  the  separate  tribes  (ch.  33);  and  (3)  the  story  of 
  his  death  (32:48-52)  and  burial  (ch.  34),  written  by  some  other 
  hand,  probably  that  of  Joshua. 
 
  These  farewell  addresses  of  Moses  to  the  tribes  of  Israel  he 
  had  so  long  led  in  the  wilderness  "glow  in  each  line  with  the 
  emotions  of  a  great  leader  recounting  to  his  contemporaries  the 
  marvellous  story  of  their  common  experience.  The  enthusiasm  they 
  kindle,  even  to-day,  though  obscured  by  translation,  reveals 
  their  matchless  adaptation  to  the  circumstances  under  which  they 
  were  first  spoken.  Confidence  for  the  future  is  evoked  by 
  remembrance  of  the  past.  The  same  God  who  had  done  mighty  works 
  for  the  tribes  since  the  Exodus  would  cover  their  head  in  the 
  day  of  battle  with  the  nations  of  Palestine,  soon  to  be  invaded. 
  Their  great  lawgiver  stands  before  us  vigorous  in  his  hoary 
  age,  stern  in  his  abhorrence  of  evil,  earnest  in  his  zeal  for 
  God,  but  mellowed  in  all  relations  to  earth  by  his  nearness  to 
  heaven.  The  commanding  wisdom  of  his  enactments,  the  dignity  of 
  his  position  as  the  founder  of  the  nation  and  the  first  of 
  prophets,  enforce  his  utterances.  But  he  touches  our  deepest 
  emotions  by  the  human  tenderness  that  breathes  in  all  his  words 
  Standing  on  the  verge  of  life,  he  speaks  as  a  father  giving  his 
  parting  counsels  to  those  he  loves;  willing  to  depart  and  be 
  with  God  he  has  served  so  well  but  fondly  lengthening  out  his 
  last  farewell  to  the  dear  ones  of  earth.  No  book  can  compare 
  with  Deuteronomy  in  its  mingled  sublimity  and  tenderness." 
  Geikie  Hours,  etc 
 
  The  whole  style  and  method  of  this  book,  its  tone  and  its 
  peculiarities  of  conception  and  expression,  show  that  it  must 
  have  come  from  one  hand.  That  the  author  was  none  other  than 
  Moses  is  established  by  the  following  considerations:  (1.)  The 
  uniform  tradition  both  of  the  Jewish  and  the  Christian  Church 
  down  to  recent  times.  (2.)  The  book  professes  to  have  been 
  written  by  Moses  (1:1;  29:1;  31:1,  9-11,  etc.),  and  was 
  obviously  intended  to  be  accepted  as  his  work  (3.)  The 
  incontrovertible  testimony  of  our  Lord  and  his  apostles  (Matt. 
  19:7,  8;  Mark  10:3,  4;  John  5:46,  47;  Acts  3:22;  7:37;  Rom. 
  10:19)  establishes  the  same  conclusion.  (4.)  The  frequent 
  references  to  it  in  the  later  books  of  the  canon  (Josh.  8:31;  1 
  Kings  2:9;  2  Kings  14:6;  2  Chr.  23:18;  25:4;  34:14;  Ezra  3:2; 
  7:6;  Neh.  8:1;  Dan.  9:11,  13)  prove  its  antiquity;  and  (5)  the 
  archaisms  found  in  it  are  in  harmony  with  the  age  in  which  Moses 
  lived.  (6.)  Its  style  and  allusions  are  also  strikingly 
  consistent  with  the  circumstances  and  position  of  Moses  and  of 
  the  people  at  that  time. 
 
  This  body  of  positive  evidence  cannot  be  set  aside  by  the 
  conjectures  and  reasonings  of  modern  critics,  who  contended  that 
  the  book  was  somewhat  like  a  forgery,  introduced  among  the  Jews 
  some  seven  or  eight  centuries  after  the  Exodus. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Deuteronomy,  repetition  of  the  law 
 




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