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goldfish

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goldfish


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  King  \King\,  n.[AS.  cyng,  cyning;  akin  to  OS  kuning,  D.  koning, 
  OHG.  kuning,  G.  k["o]nig,  Icel.  konungr  Sw  konung  Dan. 
  konge;  formed  with  a  patronymic  ending,  and  fr  the  root  of 
  E.  kin;  cf  Icel.  konr  a  man  of  noble  birth.  [root]44.  See 
  {Kin}.] 
  1.  A  chief  ruler;  a  sovereign;  one  invested  with  supreme 
  authority  over  a  nation,  country,  or  tribe,  usually  by 
  hereditary  succession;  a  monarch;  a  prince.  ``Ay,  every 
  inch  a  king.''  --Shak. 
 
  Kings  will  be  tyrants  from  policy,  when  subjects  are 
  rebels  from  principle.  --Burke. 
 
  There  was  a  State  without  king  or  nobles.  --R. 
  Choate. 
 
  But  yonder  comes  the  powerful  King  of  Day  Rejoicing 
  in  the  east  --Thomson. 
 
  2.  One  who  or  that  which  holds  a  supreme  position  or  rank; 
  a  chief  among  competitors;  as  a  railroad  king;  a  money 
  king;  the  king  of  the  lobby;  the  king  of  beasts. 
 
  3.  A  playing  card  having  the  picture  of  a  king;  as  the  king 
  of  diamonds. 
 
  4.  The  chief  piece  in  the  game  of  chess. 
 
  5.  A  crowned  man  in  the  game  of  draughts. 
 
  6.  pl  The  title  of  two  historical  books  in  the  Old 
  Testament. 
 
  Note:  King  is  often  used  adjectively,  or  in  combination,  to 
  denote  pre["e]minence  or  superiority  in  some 
  particular;  as  kingbird;  king  crow;  king  vulture. 
 
  {Apostolic  king}.See  {Apostolic}. 
 
  {King-at-arms},  or  {King-of-arms},  the  chief  heraldic  officer 
  of  a  country.  In  England  the  king-at-arms  was  formerly  of 
  great  authority.  His  business  is  to  direct  the  heralds, 
  preside  at  their  chapters,  and  have  the  jurisdiction  of 
  armory.  There  are  three  principal  kings-at-arms,  viz., 
  Garter,  Clarencieux,  and  Norroy.  The  latter  (literally 
  north  roy  or  north  king)  officiates  north  of  the  Trent. 
 
  {King  auk}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  little  auk  or  sea  dove. 
 
  {King  bird  of  paradise}.  (Zo["o]l.),  See  {Bird  of  paradise}. 
 
 
  {King  card},  in  whist,  the  best  unplayed  card  of  each  suit; 
  thus  if  the  ace  and  king  of  a  suit  have  been  played,  the 
  queen  is  the  king  card  of  the  suit. 
 
  {King  Cole},  a  legendary  king  of  Britain,  who  is  said  to  have 
  reigned  in  the  third  century. 
 
  {King  conch}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  and  handsome  univalve  shell 
  ({Cassis  cameo}),  found  in  the  West  Indies.  It  is  used  for 
  making  cameos.  See  {Helmet  shell},  under  {Helmet}. 
 
  {King  Cotton},  a  popular  personification  of  the  great  staple 
  production  of  the  southern  United  States. 
 
  {King  crab}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  limulus  or  horseshoe  crab.  See  {Limulus}. 
  b  The  large  European  spider  crab  or  thornback  ({Maia 
  squinado}). 
 
  {King  crow}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  black  drongo  shrike  ({Buchanga  atra})  of  India;  -- 
  so  called  because  while  breeding,  they  attack  and 
  drive  away  hawks,  crows,  and  other  large  birds. 
  b  The  {Dicrurus  macrocercus}  of  India,  a  crested  bird 
  with  a  long,  forked  tail.  Its  color  is  black,  with 
  green  and  blue  reflections.  Called  also  {devil  bird}. 
 
 
  {King  duck}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  and  handsome  eider  duck 
  ({Somateria  spectabilis}),  inhabiting  the  arctic  regions 
  of  both  continents. 
 
  {King  eagle}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  eagle  ({Aquila  heliaca})  found  in 
  Asia  and  Southeastern  Europe.  It  is  about  as  large  as  the 
  golden  eagle.  Some  writers  believe  it  to  be  the  imperial 
  eagle  of  Rome. 
 
  {King  hake}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  American  hake  ({Phycis  regius}), 
  fond  in  deep  water  along  the  Atlantic  coast. 
 
  {King  monkey}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  African  monkey  ({Colobus 
  polycomus}),  inhabiting  Sierra  Leone. 
 
  {King  mullet}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  West  Indian  red  mullet  ({Upeneus 
  maculatus});  --  so  called  on  account  of  its  great  beauty. 
  Called  also  {goldfish}. 
 
  {King  of  terrors},  death. 
 
  {King  parrakeet}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  handsome  Australian  parrakeet 
  ({Platycercys  scapulatus}),  often  kept  in  a  cage.  Its 
  prevailing  color  is  bright  red,  with  the  back  and  wings 
  bright  green,  the  rump  blue,  and  tail  black. 
 
  {King  penguin}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  large  species  of  penguin  of 
  the  genus  {Aptenodytes};  esp.,  {A.  longirostris},  of  the 
  Falkland  Islands  and  Kerguelen  Land,  and  {A.  Patagonica}, 
  of  Patagonia. 
 
  {King  rail}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  American  rail  ({Rallus 
  elegans}),  living  in  fresh-water  marshes.  The  upper  parts 
  are  fulvous  brown,  striped  with  black;  the  breast  is  deep 
  cinnamon  color. 
 
  {King  salmon}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  quinnat.  See  {Quinnat}. 
 
  {King's,  or  Queen's},  {counsel}  (Eng.  Law),  barristers 
  learned  in  the  law,  who  have  been  called  within  the  bar, 
  and  selected  to  be  the  king's  or  queen's  counsel.  They 
  answer  in  some  measure  to  the  advocates  of  the  revenue 
  (advocati  fisci)  among  the  Romans.  They  can  not  be 
  employed  against  the  crown  without  special  license. 
  --Wharton's  Law  Dict. 
 
  {King's  cushion},  a  temporary  seat  made  by  two  persons 
  crossing  their  hands.  [Prov.  Eng.]  --Halliwell. 
 
  {The  king's  English},  correct  or  current  language  of  good 
  speakers;  pure  English.  --Shak. 
 
  {King's  or  Queen's},  {evidence},  testimony  in  favor  of  the 
  Crown  by  a  witness  who  confesses  his  guilt  as  an 
  accomplice.  See  under  {Evidence}.  [Eng.] 
 
  {King's  evil},  scrofula;  --  so  called  because  formerly 
  supposed  to  be  healed  by  the  touch  of  a  king. 
 
  {King  snake}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  nearly  black,  harmless 
  snake  ({Ophiobolus  getulus})  of  the  Southern  United 
  States;  --  so  called  because  it  kills  and  eats  other  kinds 
  of  snakes,  including  even  the  rattlesnake. 
 
  {King's  spear}  (Bot.),  the  white  asphodel  ({Asphodelus 
  albus}). 
 
  {King's  yellow},  a  yellow  pigment,  consisting  essentially  of 
  sulphide  and  oxide  of  arsenic;  --  called  also  {yellow 
  orpiment}. 
 
  {King  tody}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  fly-catching  bird 
  ({Eurylaimus  serilophus})  of  tropical  America.  The  head  is 
  adorned  with  a  large  spreading,  fan-shaped  crest,  which 
  is  bright  red,  edged  with  black. 
 
  {King  vulture}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  species  of  vulture 
  ({Sarcorhamphus  papa}),  ranging  from  Mexico  to  Paraguay, 
  The  general  color  is  white.  The  wings  and  tail  are  black, 
  and  the  naked  carunculated  head  and  the  neck  are 
  briliantly  colored  with  scarlet,  yellow,  orange,  and  blue. 
  So  called  because  it  drives  away  other  vultures  while 
  feeding. 
 
  {King  wood},  a  wood  from  Brazil,  called  also  {violet  wood}, 
  beautifully  streaked  in  violet  tints,  used  in  turning  and 
  small  cabinetwork.  The  tree  is  probably  a  species  of 
  {Dalbergia}.  See  {Jacaranda}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Goldfish  \Gold"fish`\,  n.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  small  domesticated  cyprinoid  fish  ({Carassius 
  auratus});  --  so  named  from  its  color.  It  is  native  of 
  China,  and  is  said  to  have  been  introduced  into  Europe  in 
  1691.  It  is  often  kept  as  an  ornament,  in  small  ponds  or 
  glass  globes.  Many  varieties  are  known  Called  also 
  {golden  fish},  and  {golden  carp}.  See  {Telescope  fish}, 
  under  {Telescope}. 
  b  A  California  marine  fish  of  an  orange  or  red  color;  the 
  garibaldi. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  goldfish 
  n  :  small  golden  or  orange-red  freshwater  fishes  of  Eurasia  used 
  as  pond  or  aquarium  fishes  [syn:  {Carassius  auratus}] 




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