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indirect

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indirect


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Indirect  \In`di*rect"\,  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  direct:  cf  F. 
  indirect.] 
  1.  Not  direct;  not  straight  or  rectilinear;  deviating  from  a 
  direct  line  or  course;  circuitous;  as  an  indirect  road. 
 
  2.  Not  tending  to  an  aim  purpose,  or  result  by  the  plainest 
  course,  or  by  obvious  means  but  obliquely  or 
  consequentially;  by  remote  means  as  an  indirect 
  accusation,  attack,  answer,  or  proposal. 
 
  By  what  bypaths  and  indirect,  crooked  ways  I  met 
  this  crown.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Not  straightforward  or  upright;  unfair;  dishonest;  tending 
  to  mislead  or  deceive. 
 
  Indirect  dealing  will  be  discovered  one  time  or 
  other  --Tillotson. 
 
  4.  Not  resulting  directly  from  an  act  or  cause  but  more  or 
  less  remotely  connected  with  or  growing  out  of  it  as 
  indirect  results,  damages,  or  claims. 
 
  5.  (Logic  &  Math.)  Not  reaching  the  end  aimed  at  by  the  most 
  plain  and  direct  method;  as  an  indirect  proof, 
  demonstration,  etc 
 
  {Indirect  claims},  claims  for  remote  or  consequential  damage. 
  Such  claims  were  presented  to  and  thrown  out  by  the 
  commissioners  who  arbitrated  the  damage  inflicted  on  the 
  United  States  by  the  Confederate  States  cruisers  built  and 
  supplied  by  Great  Britain. 
 
  {Indirect  demonstration},  a  mode  of  demonstration  in  which 
  proof  is  given  by  showing  that  any  other  supposition 
  involves  an  absurdity  (reductio  ad  absurdum),  or  an 
  impossibility;  thus  one  quantity  may  be  proved  equal  to 
  another  by  showing  that  it  can  be  neither  greater  nor 
  less 
 
  {Indirect  discourse}.  (Gram.)  See  {Direct  discourse},  under 
  {Direct}. 
 
  {Indirect  evidence},  evidence  or  testimony  which  is 
  circumstantial  or  inferential,  but  without  witness;  -- 
  opposed  to  {direct  evidence}. 
 
  {Indirect  tax},  a  tax,  such  as  customs,  excises, 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Demonstration  \Dem`on*stra"tion\,  n.  [L.  demonstratio:  cf  F. 
  d['e]monstration.] 
  1.  The  act  of  demonstrating;  an  exhibition;  proof; 
  especially,  proof  beyond  the  possibility  of  doubt; 
  indubitable  evidence,  to  the  senses  or  reason. 
 
  Those  intervening  ideas  which  serve  to  show  the 
  agreement  of  any  two  others  are  called  ``proofs;'' 
  and  where  agreement  or  disagreement  is  by  this  means 
  plainly  and  clearly  perceived,  it  is  called 
  demonstration.  --Locke. 
 
  2.  An  expression,  as  of  the  feelings,  by  outward  signs;  a 
  manifestation;  a  show 
 
  Did  your  letters  pierce  the  queen  to  any 
  demonstration  of  grief?  --Shak. 
 
  Loyal  demonstrations  toward  the  prince.  --Prescott. 
 
  3.  (Anat.)  The  exhibition  and  explanation  of  a  dissection  or 
  other  anatomical  preparation. 
 
  4.  (Mil.)  a  decisive  exhibition  of  force,  or  a  movement 
  indicating  an  attack. 
 
  5.  (Logic)  The  act  of  proving  by  the  syllogistic  process,  or 
  the  proof  itself 
 
  6.  (Math.)  A  course  of  reasoning  showing  that  a  certain 
  result  is  a  necessary  consequence  of  assumed  premises;  -- 
  these  premises  being  definitions,  axioms,  and  previously 
  established  propositions. 
 
  {Direct},  or  {Positive},  {demonstration}  (Logic  &  Math.),  one 
  in  which  the  correct  conclusion  is  the  immediate  sequence 
  of  reasoning  from  axiomatic  or  established  premises;  -- 
  opposed  to 
 
  {Indirect},  or  {Negative},  {demonstration}  (called  also 
  {reductio  ad  absurdum}),  in  which  the  correct  conclusion 
  is  an  inference  from  the  demonstration  that  any  other 
  hypothesis  must  be  incorrect. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Tax  \Tax\,  n.  [F.  taxe,  fr  taxer  to  tax,  L.  taxare  to  touch, 
  sharply,  to  feel  handle,  to  censure,  value,  estimate,  fr 
  tangere  tactum  to  touch.  See  {Tangent},  and  cf  {Task}, 
  {Taste}.] 
  1.  A  charge,  especially  a  pecuniary  burden  which  is  imposed 
  by  authority.  Specifically: 
  a  A  charge  or  burden  laid  upon  persons  or  property  for 
  the  support  of  a  government. 
 
  A  farmer  of  taxes  is  of  all  creditors, 
  proverbially  the  most  rapacious.  --Macaulay. 
  b  Especially,  the  sum  laid  upon  specific  things  as  upon 
  polls,  lands,  houses,  income,  etc.;  as  a  land  tax;  a 
  window  tax;  a  tax  on  carriages,  and  the  like 
 
  Note:  Taxes  are  {annual}  or  {perpetual},  {direct}  or 
  {indirect},  etc 
  c  A  sum  imposed  or  levied  upon  the  members  of  a  society 
  to  defray  its  expenses. 
 
  2.  A  task  exacted  from  one  who  is  under  control;  a 
  contribution  or  service,  the  rendering  of  which  is  imposed 
  upon  a  subject. 
 
  3.  A  disagreeable  or  burdensome  duty  or  charge;  as  a  heavy 
  tax  on  time  or  health. 
 
  4.  Charge;  censure.  [Obs.]  --Clarendon. 
 
  5.  A  lesson  to  be  learned;  a  task.  [Obs.]  --Johnson. 
 
  {Tax  cart},  a  spring  cart  subject  to  a  low  tax.  [Eng.] 
 
  Syn:  Impost;  tribute;  contribution;  duty;  toll;  rate; 
  assessment;  exaction;  custom;  demand. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  indirect 
  adj  1:  having  intervening  factors  or  persons  or  influences; 
  "reflection  from  the  ceiling  provided  a  soft  indirect 
  light";  "indirect  evidence";  "an  indirect  cause" 
  2:  not  direct  in  spatial  dimension;  not  leading  by  a  straight 
  line  or  course  to  a  destination;  "sometimes  taking  an 
  indirect  path  saves  time";  "must  take  an  indirect  couse  in 
  sailing"  [ant:  {direct}] 
  3:  descended  from  a  common  ancestor  but  through  different 
  lines;  "cousins  are  collateral  relatives";  "an  indirect 
  descendant  of  the  Stuarts"  [syn:  {collateral},  {oblique}] 
  [ant:  {lineal}] 
  4:  extended  senses  not  direct  in  manner  or  language  or 
  behavior  or  action  "making  indirect  but  legitimate 
  inquiries";  "an  indirect  insult";  "doubtless  they  had  some 
  indirect  purpose  in  mind";  "though  his  methods  are 
  indirect  they  are  not  dishonest";  "known  as  a  shady 
  indirect  fellow"  [ant:  {direct}] 
  5:  not  as  a  direct  effect  or  consequence;  "indirect  benefits"; 
  "an  indirect  advantage" 




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