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singaporemore about singapore


  2  definitions  found 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  the  capital  of  Singapore;  one  of  the  world's  biggest  ports 
  [syn:  {Singapore},  {capital  of  Singapore}] 
  2:  a  country  in  southeastern  Asia  on  the  island  of  Singapore 
  [syn:  {Singapore}] 
  3:  an  island  S  of  the  Malay  Peninsula  [syn:  {Singapore}] 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
  Location:  Southeastern  Asia,  islands  between  Malaysia  and  Indonesia 
  Map  references:  Southeast  Asia 
  total  area:  632.6  sq  km 
  land  area:  622.6  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  less  than  3.5  times  the  size  of  Washington, 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
  Coastline:  193  km 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  within  and  beyond  territorial  sea,  as  defined 
  in  treaties  and  practice 
  territorial  sea:  3  nm 
  International  disputes:  two  islands  in  dispute  with  Malaysia 
  Climate:  tropical;  hot,  humid,  rainy;  no  pronounced  rainy  or  dry 
  seasons;  thunderstorms  occur  on  40%  of  all  days  (67%  of  days  in  April) 
  Terrain:  lowland;  gently  undulating  central  plateau  contains  water 
  catchment  area  and  nature  preserve 
  Natural  resources:  fish,  deepwater  ports 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  4% 
  permanent  crops:  7% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  0% 
  forest  and  woodland:  5% 
  other:  84% 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
  current  issues:  industrial  pollution;  limited  natural  fresh  water 
  resources;  limited  land  availability  presents  waste  disposal  problems 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Endangered  Species,  Law  of  the 
  Sea,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Ship  Pollution;  signed, 
  but  not  ratified  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change 
  Note:  focal  point  for  Southeast  Asian  sea  routes 
  Population:  2,890,468  (July  1995  est.) 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  23%  (female  327,417;  male  348,345) 
  15-64  years:  70%  (female  991,015;  male  1,030,668) 
  65  years  and  over:  7%  (female  105,081;  male  87,942)  (July  1995  est.) 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.06%  (1995  est.) 
  Birth  rate:  15.93  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Death  rate:  5.35  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  5.7  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  76.16  years 
  male:  73.28  years 
  female:  79.25  years  (1995  est.) 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.87  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
  noun:  Singaporean(s) 
  adjective:  Singapore 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Chinese  76.4%,  Malay  14.9%,  Indian  6.4%,  other  2.3% 
  Religions:  Buddhist  (Chinese),  Muslim  (Malays),  Christian,  Hindu, 
  Sikh,  Taoist,  Confucianist 
  Languages:  Chinese  (official),  Malay  (official  and  national),  Tamil 
  (official),  English  (official) 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990) 
  total  population:  89% 
  male:  95% 
  female:  83% 
  Labor  force:  1.649  million  (1994) 
  by  occupation:  financial,  business,  and  other  services  33.5%, 
  manufacturing  25.6%,  commerce  22.9%,  construction  6.6%,  other  11.4% 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Singapore 
  conventional  short  form:  Singapore 
  Digraph:  SN 
  Type:  republic  within  Commonwealth 
  Capital:  Singapore 
  Administrative  divisions:  none 
  Independence:  9  August  1965  (from  Malaysia) 
  National  holiday:  National  Day  9  August  (1965) 
  Constitution:  3  June  1959,  amended  1965  (based  on  preindependence 
  State  of  Singapore  Constitution) 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law;  has  not  accepted  compulsory 
  ICJ  jurisdiction 
  Suffrage:  20  years  of  age;  universal  and  compulsory 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  ONG  Teng  Cheong  (since  1  September  1993); 
  election  last  held  28  August  1993  (next  to  be  held  NA  August  1997); 
  results  -  ONG  Teng  Cheong  was  elected  with  59%  of  the  vote  in  the 
  country's  first  popular  election  for  president 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  GOH  Chok  Tong  (since  28  November 
  1990);  Deputy  Prime  Minister  LEE  Hsien  Loong  (since  28  November  1990) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  president,  responsible  to 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Parliament:  elections  last  held  31  August  1991  (next  to  be  held  by  31 
  August  1996);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (81 
  total)  PAP  77,  SDP  3,  WP  1 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
  Political  parties  and  leaders: 
  government:  People's  Action  Party  (PAP),  GOH  Chok  Tong,  secretary 
  opposition:  Workers'  Party  (WP),  J.  B.  JEYARETNAM  Singapore 
  Democratic  Party  (SDP),  CHEE  Soon  Juan;  National  Solidarity  Party 
  (NSP),  leader  NA  Barisan  Sosialis  (BS,  Socialist  Front),  leader  NA 
  Singapore  People's  Party  (SPP),  SIN  Kek  Tong 
  Member  of:  APEC,  AsDB  ASEAN,  C,  CCC,  CP  ESCAP,  G-77,  GATT,  IAEA, 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Sellapan  Rama  NATHAN 
  chancery:  3501  International  Place  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  537-3100 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  537-0876 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Timothy  A.  CHORBA 
  embassy:  30  Hill  Street,  Singapore  0617 
  mailing  address:  FPO  AP  96534 
  telephone:  [65]  3380251 
  FAX:  [65]  3384550 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  red  top  and  white;  near  the 
  hoist  side  of  the  red  band,  there  is  a  vertical,  white  crescent 
  (closed  portion  is  toward  the  hoist  side)  partially  enclosing  five 
  white  five-pointed  stars  arranged  in  a  circle 
  Overview:  Singapore  has  an  open  entrepreneurial  economy  with  strong 
  service  and  manufacturing  sectors  and  excellent  international  trading 
  links  derived  from  its  entrepot  history.  The  economy  registered  10.1% 
  growth  in  1994,  with  prospects  for  7.5%-8.5%  growth  in  1995.  In  1994, 
  the  manufacturing  and  financial  and  business  services  sectors  have  led 
  economic  growth.  Exports  boomed,  led  by  the  electronics  sector, 
  particularly  US  demand  for  disk  drives.  Rising  labor  costs  continue  to 
  be  a  threat  to  Singapore's  competitiveness,  but  there  are  indications 
  that  productivity  is  keeping  up  In  applied  technology,  per  capita 
  output,  investment,  and  labor  discipline,  Singapore  has  key  attributes 
  of  a  developed  country. 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $57  billion  (1994 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  10.1%  (1994) 
  National  product  per  capita:  $19,940  (1994  est.) 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  3.6%  (1994) 
  Unemployment  rate:  2.6%  (1994) 
  revenues:  $11.9  billion 
  expenditures:  $10.5  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $3.9 
  billion  (FY93/94  est.) 
  Exports:  $96.4  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  computer  equipment,  rubber  and  rubber  products,  petroleum 
  products,  telecommunications  equipment 
  partners:  Malaysia  20%,  US  19%,  Hong  Kong  9%,  Japan  7%,  Thailand  6% 
  Imports:  $102.4  billion  (c.i.f.,  1994) 
  commodities:  aircraft,  petroleum,  chemicals,  foodstuffs 
  partners:  Japan  22%,  Malaysia  16%,  US  15%,  Taiwan  4%,  Saudi  Arabia  4% 
  External  debt:  $20  million  (1993  est.) 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  13%  (1994  est.);  accounts  for  28% 
  of  GDP  (1993) 
  capacity:  4,510,000  kW 
  production:  17  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  5,590  kWh  (1993) 
  Industries:  petroleum  refining,  electronics,  oil  drilling  equipment, 
  rubber  processing  and  rubber  products,  processed  food  and  beverages, 
  ship  repair,  entrepot  trade  financial  services,  biotechnology 
  Agriculture:  minor  importance  in  the  economy;  self-sufficient  in 
  poultry  and  eggs;  must  import  much  of  other  food;  major  crops  - 
  rubber,  copra,  fruit,  vegetables 
  Illicit  drugs:  transit  point  for  Golden  Triangle  heroin  going  to  the 
  US  Western  Europe,  and  the  Third  World;  also  a  major  money-laundering 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-83),  $590  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $1  billion 
  Currency:  1  Singapore  dollar  (S$)  =  100  cents 
  Exchange  rates:  Singapore  dollars  (S$)  per  US$1  -  1.4524  (January 
  1995),  1.5275  (1994),  1.6158  (1993),  1.6290  (1992),  1.7276  (1991), 
  1.8125  (1990) 
  Fiscal  year:  1  April  -  31  March 
  total:  38.6  km 
  narrow  gauge:  38.6  km  1.000-m  gauge 
  total:  2,883  km 
  paved:  2,796  km 
  unpaved:  87  km  (1991  est.) 
  Ports:  Singapore 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  563  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  11,167,596 
  GRT/17,845,687  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  96,  cargo  121,  chemical  tanker  16,  combination 
  bulk  2,  combination  ore/oil  7,  container  78,  liquefied  gas  tanker  6, 
  oil  tanker  198,  refrigerated  cargo  1,  roll-on/roll-off  cargo  12, 
  short-sea  passenger  1,  specialized  tanker  3,  vehicle  carrier  22 
  note:  a  flag  of  convenience  registry;  includes  20  countries  among 
  which  are  Japan  35  ships,  Denmark  21,  Germany  21,  Hong  Kong  18, 
  Belgium  14,  Thailand  11,  Sweden  8,  US  7,  Indonesia  6,  and  Norway  5; 
  Singapore  owns  1  ship  under  Malaysia  registry 
  total:  10 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  4 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  Telephone  system:  1,110,000  telephones;  good  domestic  facilities;  good 
  international  service;  good  radio  and  television  broadcast  coverage 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  submarine  cables  extend  to  Malaysia  (Sabah  and 
  Peninsular  Malaysia),  Indonesia,  and  the  Philippines;  2  INTELSAT  (1 
  Indian  Ocean  and  1  Pacific  Ocean)  earth  stations 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  13,  FM  4,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  2 
  televisions:  NA 
  Singapore:Defense  Forces 
  Branches:  Army,  Navy,  Air  Force,  People's  Defense  Force,  Police  Force 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  860,437;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  629,973  (1995  est.) 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $2.7  billion,  6%  of 
  GDP  (1993  est.) 

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