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camel

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camel


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Camel  \Cam"el\,  n.  [Oe.  camel,  chamel,  OF  camel,  chamel,  F. 
  chameau  L.  camelus,  fr  Gr  ?;  of  Semitic  origin;  cf  Heb. 
  g[=a]m[=a]l,  Ar  jamal.  Cf  As  camel,  fr  L.  camelus.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  large  ruminant  used  in  Asia  and  Africa  for 
  carrying  burdens  and  for  riding.  The  camel  is  remarkable 
  for  its  ability  to  go  a  long  time  without  drinking.  Its 
  hoofs  are  small  and  situated  at  the  extremities  of  the 
  toes,  and  the  weight  of  the  animal  rests  on  the  callous. 
  The  dromedary  ({Camelus  dromedarius})  has  one  bunch  on  the 
  back  while  the  Bactrian  camel  ({C.  Bactrianus})  has  two 
  The  llama,  alpaca,  and  vicu[~n]a,  of  South  America,  belong 
  to  a  related  genus  ({Auchenia}). 
 
  2.  (Naut.)  A  water-tight  structure  (as  a  large  box  or  boxes) 
  used  to  assist  a  vessel  in  passing  over  a  shoal  or  bar  or 
  in  navigating  shallow  water.  By  admitting  water,  the  camel 
  or  camels  may  be  sunk  and  attached  beneath  or  at  the  sides 
  of  a  vessel,  and  when  the  water  is  pumped  out  the  vessel 
  is  lifted. 
 
  {Camel  bird}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  ostrich. 
 
  {Camel  locust}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  mantis. 
 
  {Camel's  thorn}  (Bot.),  a  low  leguminous  shrub  ({Alhagi 
  maurorum})  of  the  Arabian  desert,  from  which  exudes  a 
  sweetish  gum,  which  is  one  of  the  substances  called  manna. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  camel 
  n  :  cud-chewing  mammal  used  as  a  draft  or  saddle  animal  in 
  desert  regions 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Camel 
  from  the  Hebrew  _gamal_,  "to  repay"  or  "requite,"  as  the  camel 
  does  the  care  of  its  master.  There  are  two  distinct  species  of 
  camels,  having  however,  the  common  characteristics  of  being 
  "ruminants  without  horns,  without  muzzle,  with  nostrils  forming 
  oblique  slits,  the  upper  lip  divided  and  separately  movable  and 
  extensile,  the  soles  of  the  feet  horny,  with  two  toes  covered  by 
  claws,  the  limbs  long,  the  abdomen  drawn  up  while  the  neck, 
  long  and  slender,  is  bent  up  and  down  the  reverse  of  that  of  a 
  horse,  which  is  arched." 
 
  (1.)  The  Bactrian  camel  is  distinguished  by  two  humps.  It  is  a 
  native  of  the  high  table-lands  of  Central  Asia. 
 
  (2.)  The  Arabian  camel  or  dromedary,  from  the  Greek  _dromos_, 
  "a  runner"  (Isa.  60:6;  Jer.  2:23),  has  but  one  hump,  and  is  a 
  native  of  Western  Asia  or  Africa. 
 
  The  camel  was  early  used  both  for  riding  and  as  a  beast  of 
  burden  (Gen.  24:64;  37:25),  and  in  war  (1  Sam.  30:17;  Isa. 
  21:7).  Mention  is  made  of  the  camel  among  the  cattle  given  by 
  Pharaoh  to  Abraham  (Gen.  12:16).  Its  flesh  was  not  to  be  eaten, 
  as  it  was  ranked  among  unclean  animals  (Lev.  11:4;  Deut.  14:7). 
  Abraham's  servant  rode  on  a  camel  when  he  went  to  fetch  a  wife 
  for  Isaac  (Gen.  24:10,  11).  Jacob  had  camels  as  a  portion  of  his 
  wealth  (30:43),  as  Abraham  also  had  (24:35).  He  sent  a  present 
  of  thirty  milch  camels  to  his  brother  Esau  (32:15).  It  appears 
  to  have  been  little  in  use  among  the  Jews  after  the  conquest.  It 
  is  however,  mentioned  in  the  history  of  David  (1  Chr.  27:30), 
  and  after  the  Exile  (Ezra  2:67;  Neh.  7:69).  Camels  were  much  in 
  use  among  other  nations  in  the  East.  The  queen  of  Sheba  came 
  with  a  caravan  of  camels  when  she  came  to  see  the  wisdom  of 
  Solomon  (1  Kings  10:2;  2  Chr.  9:1).  Benhadad  of  Damascus  also 
  sent  a  present  to  Elisha,  "forty  camels'  burden"  (2  Kings  8:9). 
 
  To  show  the  difficulty  in  the  way  of  a  rich  man's  entering 
  into  the  kingdom,  our  Lord  uses  the  proverbial  expression  that 
  it  was  easier  for  a  camel  to  go  through  the  eye  of  a  needle 
  (Matt.  19:24). 
 
  To  strain  at  (rather,  out)  a  gnat  and  swallow  a  camel  was  also 
  a  proverbial  expression  (Matt.  23:24),  used  with  reference  to 
  those  who  were  careful  to  avoid  small  faults,  and  yet  did  not 
  hesitate  to  commit  the  greatest  sins.  The  Jews  carefully 
  filtered  their  wine  before  drinking  it  for  fear  of  swallowing 
  along  with  it  some  insect  forbidden  in  the  law  as  unclean,  and 
  yet  they  omitted  openly  the  "weightier  matters"  of  the  law. 
 
  The  raiment  worn  by  John  the  Baptist  was  made  of  camel's  hair 
  (Matt.  3:4;  Mark  1:6),  by  which  he  was  distinguished  from  those 
  who  resided  in  royal  palaces  and  wore  soft  raiment.  This  was 
  also  the  case  with  Elijah  (2  Kings  1:8),  who  is  called  "a  hairy 
  man,"  from  his  wearing  such  raiment.  "This  is  one  of  the  most 
  admirable  materials  for  clothing;  it  keeps  out  the  heat,  cold, 
  and  rain."  The  sackcloth"  so  often  alluded  to  (2  Kings  1:8; 
  Isa.  15:3;  Zech.  13:4,  etc.)  was  probably  made  of  camel's  hair. 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  CAMEL,  n.  A  quadruped  (the  _Splaypes  humpidorsus_)  of  great  value  to 
  the  show  business.  There  are  two  kinds  of  camels  --  the  camel  proper 
  and  the  camel  improper.  It  is  the  latter  that  is  always  exhibited. 
 
 




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