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cracker

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cracker


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cracker  \Crack"er\  (kr[a^]k"[~e]r),  n. 
  1.  One  who  or  that  which  cracks. 
 
  2.  A  noisy  boaster;  a  swaggering  fellow.  [Obs.] 
 
  What  cracker  is  this  same  that  deafs  our  ears? 
  --Shak. 
 
  3.  A  small  firework,  consisting  of  a  little  powder  inclosed 
  in  a  thick  paper  cylinder  with  a  fuse,  and  exploding  with 
  a  sharp  noise;  --  often  called  {firecracker}. 
 
  4.  A  thin,  dry  biscuit,  often  hard  or  crisp;  as  a  Boston 
  cracker;  a  Graham  cracker;  a  soda  cracker;  an  oyster 
  cracker. 
 
  5.  A  nickname  to  designate  a  poor  white  in  some  parts  of  the 
  Southern  United  States.  --Bartlett. 
 
  6.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  pintail  duck. 
 
  7.  pl  (Mach.)  A  pair  of  fluted  rolls  for  grinding 
  caoutchouc.  --Knight. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cracker 
  n  1:  a  thin  crisp  wafer  made  or  flour  and  water  with  or  without 
  leavening  and  shortening;  unsweetened  or  semisweet 
  2:  a  poor  white  person  in  the  southern  US  [syn:  {redneck}] 
  3:  a  small  explosive  charge  and  fuse  in  a  heavy  paper  casing 
  [syn:  {firecracker},  {banger}] 
  4:  a  party  favor  consisting  of  a  paper  roll  (usually  containing 
  candy  or  a  small  favor)  that  pops  when  pulled  at  both  ends 
  [syn:  {snapper},  {cracker  bonbon}] 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  cracker  n.  One  who  breaks  security  on  a  system.  Coined  ca 
  1985  by  hackers  in  defense  against  journalistic  misuse  of  {hacker} 
  (q.v.,  sense  8).  An  earlier  attempt  to  establish  `worm'  in  this  sense 
  around  1981-82  on  Usenet  was  largely  a  failure. 
 
  Use  of  both  these  neologisms  reflects  a  strong  revulsion  against 
  the  theft  and  vandalism  perpetrated  by  cracking  rings.  While  it  is 
  expected  that  any  real  hacker  will  have  done  some  playful  cracking 
  and  knows  many  of  the  basic  techniques,  anyone  past  {larval  stage} 
  is  expected  to  have  outgrown  the  desire  to  do  so  except  for  immediate, 
  benign,  practical  reasons  (for  example,  if  it's  necessary  to  get  around 
  some  security  in  order  to  get  some  work  done). 
 
  Thus  there  is  far  less  overlap  between  hackerdom  and  crackerdom 
  than  the  {mundane}  reader  misled  by  sensationalistic  journalism  might 
  expect.  Crackers  tend  to  gather  in  small  tight-knit,  very  secretive 
  groups  that  have  little  overlap  with  the  huge,  open  poly-culture  this 
  lexicon  describes;  though  crackers  often  like  to  describe  _themselves_ 
  as  hackers,  most  true  hackers  consider  them  a  separate  and  lower  form 
  of  life. 
 
  Ethical  considerations  aside,  hackers  figure  that  anyone  who  can't 
  imagine  a  more  interesting  way  to  play  with  their  computers  than  breaking 
  into  someone  else's  has  to  be  pretty  {losing}.  Some  other  reasons 
  crackers  are  looked  down  on  are  discussed  in  the  entries  on  {cracking} 
  and  {phreaking}.  See  also  {samurai},  {dark-side  hacker},  and  {hacker 
  ethic}.  For  a  portrait  of  the  typical  teenage  cracker,  see  {warez  d00dz}. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  cracker 
 
    An  individual  who  attempts  to  gain  unauthorised 
  access  to  a  computer  system.  These  individuals  are  often 
  malicious  and  have  many  means  at  their  disposal  for  breaking 
  into  a  system.  The  term  was  coined  ca  1985  by  hackers  in 
  defence  against  journalistic  misuse  of  "{hacker}".  An  earlier 
  attempt  to  establish  worm"  in  this  sense  around  1981--82  on 
  {Usenet}  was  largely  a  failure. 
 
  Use  of  both  these  neologisms  reflects  a  strong  revulsion 
  against  the  theft  and  vandalism  perpetrated  by  cracking  rings. 
  The  neologism  cracker"  in  this  sense  may  have  been  influenced 
  not  so  much  by  the  term  "safe-cracker"  as  by  the  non-jargon 
  term  "cracker",  which  in  Middle  English  meant  an  obnoxious 
  person  (e.g.,  "What  cracker  is  this  same  that  deafs  our  ears  / 
  With  this  abundance  of  superfluous  breath?"  --  Shakespeare's 
  King  John,  Act  II  Scene  I)  and  in  modern  colloquial  American 
  English  survives  as  a  barely  gentler  synonym  for  "white 
  trash". 
 
  While  it  is  expected  that  any  real  hacker  will  have  done  some 
  playful  cracking  and  knows  many  of  the  basic  techniques, 
  anyone  past  {larval  stage}  is  expected  to  have  outgrown  the 
  desire  to  do  so  except  for  immediate  practical  reasons  (for 
  example,  if  it's  necessary  to  get  around  some  security  in 
  order  to  get  some  work  done). 
 
  Contrary  to  widespread  myth,  cracking  does  not  usually  involve 
  some  mysterious  leap  of  hackerly  brilliance,  but  rather 
  persistence  and  the  dogged  repetition  of  a  handful  of  fairly 
  well-known  tricks  that  exploit  common  weaknesses  in  the 
  security  of  target  systems.  Accordingly,  most  crackers  are 
  only  mediocre  hackers. 
 
  Thus  there  is  far  less  overlap  between  hackerdom  and 
  crackerdom  than  the  {mundane}  reader  misled  by 
  sensationalistic  journalism  might  expect.  Crackers  tend  to 
  gather  in  small  tight-knit,  very  secretive  groups  that  have 
  little  overlap  with  the  huge,  open  hacker  poly-culture;  though 
  crackers  often  like  to  describe  *themselves*  as  hackers,  most 
  true  hackers  consider  them  a  separate  and  lower  form  of  life, 
  little  better  than  {virus}  writers.  Ethical  considerations 
  aside,  hackers  figure  that  anyone  who  can't  imagine  a  more 
  interesting  way  to  play  with  their  computers  than  breaking 
  into  someone  else's  has  to  be  pretty  {losing}. 
 
  See  also  {Computer  Emergency  Response  Team},  {dark-side 
  hacker},  {hacker  ethic},  {phreaking},  {samurai},  {Trojan 
  Horse}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
  (1998-06-29) 
 
 




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