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guadeloupe

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guadeloupe


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Guadeloupe 
  n  :  an  island  territory  of  France  located  in  the  eastern  West 
  Indies;  tourism  is  the  major  industry  [syn:  {Guadeloupe}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Guadeloupe 
 
  (overseas  department  of  France) 
 
  Guadeloupe:Geography 
 
  Location:  Caribbean,  islands  in  the  eastern  Caribbean  Sea,  southeast 
  of  Puerto  Rico 
 
  Map  references:  Central  America  and  the  Caribbean 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  1,780  sq  km 
  land  area:  1,706  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  10  times  the  size  of  Washington,  DC 
  note:  Guadeloupe  is  an  archipelago  of  nine  inhabited  islands,  of  which 
  Basse-Terre,  Grande-Terre,  and  Marie-Galante  are  the  three  largest 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  306  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  subtropical  tempered  by  trade  winds;  relatively  high  humidity 
 
  Terrain:  Basse-Terre  is  volcanic  in  origin  with  interior  mountains; 
  Grand-Terre  is  low  limestone  formation;  most  of  the  seven  other 
  islands  are  volcanic  in  origin 
 
  Natural  resources:  cultivable  land,  beaches  and  climate  that  foster 
  tourism 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  18% 
  permanent  crops:  5% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  13% 
  forest  and  woodland:  40% 
  other:  24% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  30  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  hurricanes  (June  to  October);  La  Soufriere  is  an 
  active  volcano 
  international  agreements:  NA 
 
  Guadeloupe:People 
 
  Population:  402,815  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  26%  (female  51,069;  male  52,922) 
  15-64  years:  66%  (female  134,328;  male  130,875) 
  65  years  and  over:  8%  (female  19,318;  male  14,303)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.24%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  18.15  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  5.58  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -0.16  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  8.5  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  77.2  years 
  male:  74.16  years 
  female:  80.38  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.95  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Guadeloupian(s) 
  adjective:  Guadeloupe 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  black  or  mulatto  90%,  white  5%,  East  Indian, 
  Lebanese,  Chinese  less  than  5% 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  95%,  Hindu  and  pagan  African  5% 
 
  Languages:  French,  creole  patois 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1982) 
  total  population:  90% 
  male:  90% 
  female:  90% 
 
  Labor  force:  120,000 
  by  occupation:  services,  government,  and  commerce  53.0%,  industry 
  25.8%,  agriculture  21.2% 
 
  Guadeloupe:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Department  of  Guadeloupe 
  conventional  short  form:  Guadeloupe 
  local  long  form:  Departement  de  la  Guadeloupe 
  local  short  form:  Guadeloupe 
 
  Digraph:  GP 
 
  Type:  overseas  department  of  France 
 
  Capital:  Basse-Terre 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  none  (overseas  department  of  France) 
 
  Independence:  none  (overseas  department  of  France) 
 
  National  holiday:  National  Day  Taking  of  the  Bastille,  14  July  (1789) 
 
  Constitution:  28  September  1958  (French  Constitution) 
 
  Legal  system:  French  legal  system 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  Francois  MITTERRAND  (since  21  May  1981) 
  head  of  government:  Prefect  Franck  PERRIEZ  (since  NA  1992);  President 
  of  the  General  Council  Dominique  LARIFLA  (since  NA);  President  of  the 
  Regional  Council  Lucette  MICHAUX-CHEVRY  (since  22  March  1992) 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral  General  Council  and  unicameral  Regional 
  Council 
  General  Council:  elections  last  held  NA  March  1992  (next  to  be  held  by 
  NA  1996);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (43  total) 
  FRUI.G  13,  RPR/DUD  13,  PPDG  8,  FGPS  3,  PCG  3,  UPLG  1,  PSG  1, 
  independent  1 
  Regional  Council:  elections  last  held  on  31  January  1993  (next  to  be 
  held  by  16  March  1998);  results  -  RPR/DUD  48.30%,  FGPS  17.09%,  FRUI.G 
  7.44%,  PPDG  8.90%,  UPLG  7.75%  PCG  6.05%;  seats  -  (41  total)  seats  by 
  party  NA 
  French  Senate:  elections  last  held  in  September  1986  (next  to  be  held 
  September  1995);  Guadeloupe  elects  two  representatives;  results  - 
  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (2  total)  PCG  1,  FGPS  1 
  French  National  Assembly:  elections  last  held  on  21  and  28  March  1993 
  (next  to  be  held  March  1998);  Guadeloupe  elects  four  representatives; 
  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (4  total)  FGPS  1,  RPR 
  1,  PPDG  1,  independent  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Court  of  Appeal  (Cour  d'Appel)  with  jurisdiction  over 
  Guadeloupe,  French  Guiana,  and  Martinique 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Rally  for  the  Republic  (RPR),  Aldo 
  BLAISE;  Communist  Party  of  Guadeloupe  (PCG),  Christian  Medard  CELESTE; 
  Socialist  Party  (FGPS),  Georges  LOUISOR;  Popular  Union  for  the 
  Liberation  of  Guadeloupe  (UPLG),  Lucien  PERATIN;  FGPS  Dissidents 
  (FRUI.G);  Union  for  French  Democracy  (UDF),  Simon  BARLAGNE 
  Progressive  Democratic  Party  (PPDG),  Henri  BANGOU 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Popular  Union  for  the  Liberation 
  of  Guadeloupe  (UPLG);  Movement  for  Independent  Guadeloupe  (MPGI); 
  General  Union  of  Guadeloupe  Workers  (UGTG);  General  Federation  of 
  Guadeloupe  Workers  (CGT-G);  Christian  Movement  for  the  Liberation  of 
  Guadeloupe  (KLPG) 
 
  Member  of:  FZ  WCL,  WFTU 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  none  (overseas  department  of  France) 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  none  (overseas  department  of  France) 
 
  Flag:  the  flag  of  France  is  used 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  economy  depends  on  agriculture,  tourism,  light  industry, 
  and  services.  It  is  also  dependent  upon  France  for  large  subsidies  and 
  imports.  Tourism  is  a  key  industry,  with  most  tourists  from  the  US  In 
  addition,  an  increasingly  large  number  of  cruise  ships  visit  the 
  islands.  The  traditionally  important  sugarcane  crop  is  slowly  being 
  replaced  by  other  crops,  such  as  bananas  (which  now  supply  about  50% 
  of  export  earnings),  eggplant,  and  flowers.  Other  vegetables  and  root 
  crops  are  cultivated  for  local  consumption,  although  Guadeloupe  is 
  still  dependent  on  imported  food,  which  comes  mainly  from  France. 
  Light  industry  consists  mostly  of  sugar  and  rum  production.  Most 
  manufactured  goods  and  fuel  are  imported.  Unemployment  is  especially 
  high  among  the  young. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $3.8  billion  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $9,000  (1993  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  3.7%  (1990) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  31.3%  (1990) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $400  million 
  expenditures:  $671  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1989) 
 
  Exports:  $130  million  (f.o.b.,  1992) 
  commodities:  bananas,  sugar,  rum 
  partners:  France  70%,  Martinique  17%  (1991) 
 
  Imports:  $1.5  billion  (c.i.f.,  1992) 
  commodities:  foodstuffs,  fuels,  vehicles,  clothing  and  other  consumer 
  goods,  construction  materials 
  partners:  France  60%,  EC  US  Japan  (1991) 
 
  External  debt:  $NA 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  320,000  kW 
  production:  650  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  1,421  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  construction,  cement,  rum,  sugar,  tourism 
 
  Agriculture:  cash  crops  -  bananas,  sugarcane;  other  products  include 
  tropical  fruits  and  vegetables;  livestock  -  cattle,  pigs,  goats;  not 
  self-sufficient  in  food 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-88),  $4  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $8.235  billion 
 
  Currency:  1  French  franc  F  =  100  centimes 
 
  Exchange  rates:  French  francs  F  per  US$1  -  5.9243  (January  1995), 
  5.5520  (1994),  5.6632  (1993),  5.2938  (1992),  5.6421  (1991),  5.4453 
  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Guadeloupe:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  NA  km  privately  owned,  narrow-gauge  plantation  lines 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  1,940  km 
  paved:  1,600  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  earth  340  km 
 
  Ports:  Basse-Terre,  Gustavia  Marigot  Pointe-a-Pitre 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  9 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  6 
 
  Guadeloupe:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  57,300  telephones;  domestic  facilities  inadequate 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station;  interisland 
  microwave  radio  relay  to  Antigua  and  Barbuda,  Dominica,  and  Martinique 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  8  (private  stations  licensed  to  broadcast 
  FM  30),  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  9 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Guadeloupe:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  French  Forces,  Gendarmerie 
 
  Note:  defense  is  responsibility  of  France 
 
 
 




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