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barbados

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barbados


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Barbados  \Bar*ba"dos\  or  Barbadoes  \Bar*ba"does\,  n. 
  A  West  Indian  island,  giving  its  name  to  a  disease,  to  a 
  cherry,  etc 
 
  {Barbados  cherry}  (Bot.),  a  genus  of  trees  of  the  West  Indies 
  ({Malpighia})  with  an  agreeably  acid  fruit  resembling  a 
  cherry. 
 
  {Barbados  leg}  (Med.),  a  species  of  elephantiasis  incident  to 
  hot  climates. 
 
  {Barbados  nuts},  the  seeds  of  the  {Jatropha  curcas},  a  plant 
  growing  in  South  America  and  elsewhere.  The  seeds  and 
  their  acrid  oil  are  used  in  medicine  as  a  purgative.  See 
  {Physic  nut}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Barbados 
  n  :  a  British  colony  in  the  West  Indies  about  300  miles  north  of 
  Venezuela;  a  popular  resort  area  [syn:  {Barbados}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Barbados 
 
  Barbados:Geography 
 
  Location:  Caribbean,  island  between  the  Caribbean  Sea  and  the  North 
  Atlantic  Ocean,  northeast  of  Venezuela 
 
  Map  references:  Central  America  and  the  Caribbean 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  430  sq  km 
  land  area:  430  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  less  than  2.5  times  the  size  of  Washington, 
  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  97  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  tropical;  rainy  season  (June  to  October) 
 
  Terrain:  relatively  flat;  rises  gently  to  central  highland  region 
 
  Natural  resources:  petroleum,  fishing,  natural  gas 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  77% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  9% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0% 
  other:  14% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  pollution  of  coastal  waters  from  waste  disposal  by 
  ships;  soil  erosion;  illegal  solid  waste  disposal  threatens 
  contamination  of  aquifers 
  natural  hazards:  hurricanes  (especially  June  to  October);  periodic 
  landslides 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Climate  Change,  Endangered 
  Species,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Marine  Dumping,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Ship 
  Pollution;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Biodiversity 
 
  Note:  easternmost  Caribbean  island 
 
  Barbados:People 
 
  Population:  256,395  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  24%  (female  30,175;  male  31,507) 
  15-64  years:  66%  (female  86,103;  male  82,727) 
  65  years  and  over:  10%  (female  15,849;  male  10,034)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.24%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  15.45  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  8.27  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -4.82  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  19.2  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  74.16  years 
  male:  71.47  years 
  female:  77.06  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.78  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Barbadian(s) 
  adjective:  Barbadian 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  African  80%,  European  4%,  other  16% 
 
  Religions:  Protestant  67%  (Anglican  40%,  Pentecostal  8%,  Methodist  7%, 
  other  12%),  Roman  Catholic  4%,  none  17%,  unknown  3%,  other  9%  (1980) 
 
  Languages:  English 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  has  ever  attended  school  (1970) 
  total  population:  99% 
  male:  99% 
  female:  99% 
 
  Labor  force:  124,800  (1992) 
  by  occupation:  services  and  government  41%,  commerce  15%, 
  manufacturing  and  construction  18%,  transportation,  storage, 
  communications,  and  financial  institutions  8%,  agriculture  6%, 
  utilities  2%  (1992  est.) 
 
  Barbados:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  none 
  conventional  short  form:  Barbados 
 
  Digraph:  BB 
 
  Type:  parliamentary  democracy 
 
  Capital:  Bridgetown 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  11  parishes;  Christ  Church,  Saint  Andrew, 
  Saint  George,  Saint  James,  Saint  John,  Saint  Joseph,  Saint  Lucy,  Saint 
  Michael,  Saint  Peter,  Saint  Philip,  Saint  Thomas 
  note:  the  new  city  of  Bridgetown  may  be  given  parish  status 
 
  Independence:  30  November  1966  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  30  November  (1966) 
 
  Constitution:  30  November  1966 
 
  Legal  system:  English  common  law;  no  judicial  review  of  legislative 
  acts 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Queen  ELIZABETH  II  (since  6  February  1952), 
  represented  by  Governor  General  Dame  Nita  BARROW  (since  6  June  1990) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Owen  Seymour  ARTHUR  (since  6 
  September  1994);  Deputy  Prime  Minister  Billie  MILLER  (since  6 
  September  1994) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  governor  general  on  advice  of  the 
  prime  minister 
 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  Parliament 
  Senate:  consists  of  a  21-member  body  appointed  by  the  governor  general 
 
  House  of  Assembly:  election  last  held  6  September  1994  (next  to  be 
  held  by  January  1999);  results  -  percentage  vote  by  party  NA  seats  - 
  (28  total)  DLP  8,  BLP  19,  NDP  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  of  Judicature 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Democratic  Labor  Party  (DLP),David 
  THOMPSON;  Barbados  Labor  Party  (BLP),  Owen  ARTHUR;  National  Democratic 
  Party  (NDP),  Richard  HAYNES 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Barbados  Workers  Union,  Leroy 
  TROTMAN  People's  Progressive  Movement,  Eric  SEALY;  Workers'  Party  of 
  Barbados,  Dr  George  BELLE;  Clement  Payne  Labor  Union,  David 
  COMMISSIONG 
 
  Member  of:  ACP,  C,  CARICOM  CDB,  ECLAC  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  IADB,  IBRD, 
  ICAO,  ICFTU  ICRM,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  IMO,  INTELSAT, 
  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ISO  (correspondent),  ITU,  LAES,  NAM,  OAS,  OPANAL  UN 
  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WHO  WIPO,  WMO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Courtney  BLACKMAN 
  chancery:  2144  Wyoming  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  939-9218,  9219 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  332-7467 
  consulate(s)  general:  Miami  and  New  York 
  consulate(s):  Los  Angeles 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Jeanette  W.  HYDE 
  embassy:  Canadian  Imperial  Bank  of  Commerce  Building,  Broad  Street, 
  Bridgetown 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  302,  Bridgetown  FPO  AA  34055 
  telephone:  [1]  (809)  436-4950 
  FAX:  [1]  (809)  429-5246 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  vertical  bands  of  blue  (hoist  side),  yellow,  and 
  blue  with  the  head  of  a  black  trident  centered  on  the  gold  band;  the 
  trident  head  represents  independence  and  a  break  with  the  past  (the 
  colonial  coat  of  arms  contained  a  complete  trident) 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  A  per  capita  income  of  $9,200  gives  Barbados  one  of  the 
  highest  standards  of  living  of  all  the  small  island  states  of  the 
  eastern  Caribbean.  Historically,  the  economy  was  based  on  the 
  cultivation  of  sugarcane  and  related  activities.  In  recent  years, 
  however,  the  economy  has  diversified  into  manufacturing  and  tourism.  A 
  moderate  recovery  that  began  in  late  1993  after  3  years  of  contraction 
  is  mainly  due  to  increased  tourism  and  expansion  in  the  construction 
  sector.  Economic  prospects  for  1995  depend  mostly  on  continued  growth 
  in  the  industrialized  countries,  especially  in  Europe,  which  would 
  spur  further  expansion  in  tourism. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $2.4  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  3%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $9,200  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  2%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  20.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $509  million 
  expenditures:  $636  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $86 
  million  (FY94/95  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $161  million  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  sugar  and  molasses,  rum,  other  foods  and  beverages, 
  chemicals,  electrical  components,  clothing 
  partners:  US  13%,  UK  10%,  Trinidad  and  Tobago  9%,  Windward  Islands  8% 
 
  Imports:  $703  million  (c.i.f.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  consumer  goods,  machinery,  foodstuffs,  construction 
  materials,  chemicals,  fuel,  electrical  components 
  partners:  US  36%,  UK  11%,  Trinidad  and  Tobago  11%,  Japan  3% 
 
  External  debt:  $652  million  (1991  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  2%  (FY93/94  est.);  accounts  for 
  about  10%  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  152,100  kW 
  production:  510  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  1,841  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  tourism,  sugar,  light  manufacturing,  component  assembly 
  for  export 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  6%  of  GDP;  major  cash  crop  is  sugarcane; 
  other  crops  -  vegetables,  cotton;  not  self-sufficient  in  food 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  one  of  many  Caribbean  transshipment  points  for 
  narcotics  bound  for  the  US  and  Europe 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $15  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $171  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Barbadian  dollar  (Bds$)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Barbadian  dollars  (Bds$)  per  US$1  -  2.0113  (fixed 
  rate) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  1  April  -  31  March 
 
  Barbados:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  1,570  km 
  paved:  1,475  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  earth  95  km 
 
  Ports:  Bridgetown 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  12  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  61,563  GRT/103,632  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  4,  cargo  6,  oil  tanker  2 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  1 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
 
  Barbados:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  89,000  telephones 
  local:  island  wide  automatic  telephone  system; 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station;  tropospheric 
  scatter  link  to  Trinidad  and  Saint  Lucia 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  3,  FM  2,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  2  (1  pay) 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Barbados:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Royal  Barbados  Defense  Force  (includes  the  Ground  Forces  and 
  Coast  Guard),  Royal  Barbados  Police  Force 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  71,153;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  49,488  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $NA,  NA%  of  GDP 
 
 
 




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