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phase

```  6  definitions  found

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Phase  \Phase\,  v.  t.  [Cf.  {Feeze}.]
To  disturb  the  composure  of  to  disconcert;  to  nonplus.
[Colloq.]

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Phase  \Phase\,  n.
1.  (Phys.  Chem.)  A  homogenous,  physically  distinct  portion  of
matter  in  a  system  not  homogeneous;  as  the  three  phases,
ice,  water,  and  aqueous  vapor.  A  phase  may  be  either  a
single  chemical  substance  or  a  mixture,  as  of  gases.

2.  (Zo["o]l.)  In  certain  birds  and  mammals,  one  of  two  or
more  color  variations  characteristic  of  the  species,  but
independent  of  the  ordinary  seasonal  and  sexual
differences,  and  often  also  of  age.  Some  of  the  herons
which  appear  in  white  and  colored  phases,  and  certain
squirrels  which  are  sometimes  uniformly  blackish  instead
of  the  usual  coloration,  furnish  examples.  Color  phases
occur  also  in  other  animals,  notably  in  butterflies.

3.  (Elec.)  The  relation  at  any  instant  of  a  periodically
varying  electric  magnitude,  as  electro-motive  force,  a
current,  etc.,  to  its  initial  value  as  expressed  in
factorial  parts  of  the  complete  cycle.  It  is  usually
expressed  in  angular  measure,  the  cycle  beb  four  right
angles,  or  360[deg].  Such  periodic  variations  are
generally  well  represented  by  sine  curves;  and  phase
relations  are  shown  by  the  relative  positions  of  the
crests  and  hollows  of  such  curves.  Magnitudes  which  have
the  same  phase  are  said  to  be  in  phase.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Phase  \Phase\,  n.;  pl  {Phases}.  [NL.  phasis,  Gr  ?,  fr  ?  to
make  to  appear:  cf  F.  phase.  See  {Phenomenon},  {Phantom},
and  {Emphasis}.]
1.  That  which  is  exhibited  to  the  eye;  the  appearance  which
anything  manifests,  especially  any  one  among  different  and
varying  appearances  of  the  same  object.

2.  Any  appearance  or  aspect  of  an  object  of  mental
apprehension  or  view;  as  the  problem  has  many  phases.

3.  (Astron.)  A  particular  appearance  or  state  in  a  regularly
recurring  cycle  of  changes  with  respect  to  quantity  of
illumination  or  form  of  enlightened  disk;  as  the  phases
of  the  moon  or  planets.  See  Illust.  under  {Moon}.

4.  (Physics)  Any  one  point  or  portion  in  a  recurring  series
of  changes,  as  in  the  changes  of  motion  of  one  of  the
particles  constituting  a  wave  or  vibration;  one  portion  of
a  series  of  such  changes,  in  distinction  from  a  contrasted
portion,  as  the  portion  on  one  side  of  a  position  of
equilibrium,  in  contrast  with  that  on  the  opposite  side

From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]:

phase
n  1:  any  distinct  time  period  in  a  sequence  of  events;  "we  are  in
a  transitional  stage  in  which  many  former  ideas  must  be
revised  or  rejected"  [syn:  {stage}]
2:  (physical  chemistry)  a  distinct  state  of  matter  in  a  system;
matter  that  is  identical  in  chemical  composition  and
physical  state  and  separated  from  other  material  by  the
phase  boundary:  "the  reaction  occurs  in  the  liquid  phase
of  the  system"
3:  a  particular  point  in  the  time  of  a  cycle;  measured  from
some  arbitrary  zero  and  expressed  as  an  angle  [syn:  {phase
angle}]
4:  (astronomy)  the  particular  appearance  of  a  body's  state  of
illumination  (especially  one  of  the  recurring  shapes  of
the  part  of  Earth's  moon  that  is  illuminated  by  the  sun);
"the  full  phase  of  the  moon"
v  1:  arrange  in  phases  or  stages:  "phase  a  withdrawal"
2:  adjust  so  as  to  be  in  a  synchronized  condition;  "he  phased
the  intake  with  the  output  of  the  machine"

From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]:

phase  1.  n.  The  offset  of  one's  waking-sleeping  schedule  with
respect  to  the  standard  24-hour  cycle;  a  useful  concept  among  people
who  often  work  at  night  and/or  according  to  no  fixed  schedule.  It  is
not  uncommon  to  change  one's  phase  by  as  much  as  6  hours  per  day  on
8  P.M.  lately,  but  I'm  going  to  {wrap  around}  to  the  day  schedule  by
Friday."  A  person  who  is  roughly  12  hours  out  of  phase  is  sometimes  said
to  be  in  `night  mode'.  (The  term  `day  mode'  is  also  (but  less  frequently)
used  meaning  you're  working  9  to  5  (or,  more  likely,  10  to  6).)  The  act
of  altering  one's  cycle  is  called  `changing  phase';  `phase  shifting'
has  also  been  recently  reported  from  Caltech  2.  `change  phase  the
hard  way':  To  stay  awake  for  a  very  long  time  in  order  to  get  into  a
different  phase.  3.  `change  phase  the  easy  way':  To  stay  asleep,  etc
However,  some  claim  that
either  staying  awake  longer  or  sleeping  longer  is  easy,  and  that  it
is  _shortening_  your  day  or  night  that  is  really  hard  (see  {wrap  around}).
The  `jet  lag'  that  afflicts  travelers  who  cross  many  time-zone  boundaries
may  be  attributed  to  two  distinct  causes:  the  strain  of  travel  per  se
and  the  strain  of  changing  phase.  Hackers  who  suddenly  find  that  they
must  change  phase  drastically  in  a  short  period  of  time,  particularly
the  hard  way  experience  something  very  like  jet  lag  without  traveling.

From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]:

phase

1.  The  offset  of  one's  waking-sleeping  schedule  with  respect
to  the  standard  24-hour  cycle;  a  useful  concept  among  people
who  often  work  at  night  and/or  according  to  no  fixed  schedule.
It  is  not  uncommon  to  change  one's  phase  by  as  much  as  6  hours
per  day  on  a  regular  basis.  "What's  your  phase?"  "I've  been
getting  in  about  8  P.M.  lately,  but  I'm  going  to  {wrap  around}
to  the  day  schedule  by  Friday."  A  person  who  is  roughly  12
hours  out  of  phase  is  sometimes  said  to  be  in  "night  mode".
(The  term  "day  mode"  is  also  (but  less  frequently)  used
meaning  you're  working  9  to  5  (or,  more  likely,  10  to  6).)
The  act  of  altering  one's  cycle  is  called  "changing  phase";
"phase  shifting"  has  also  been  recently  reported  from  Caltech

2.  "change  phase  the  hard  way":  To  stay  awake  for  a  very  long
time  in  order  to  get  into  a  different  phase.

3.  "change  phase  the  easy  way":  To  stay  asleep,  etc  However,
some  claim  that  either  staying  awake  longer  or  sleeping  longer
is  easy,  and  that  it  is  *shortening*  your  day  or  night  that  is
really  hard  (see  {wrap  around}).  The  "jet  lag"  that  afflicts
travelers  who  cross  many  time-zone  boundaries  may  be
attributed  to  two  distinct  causes:  the  strain  of  travel  per
se  and  the  strain  of  changing  phase.  Hackers  who  suddenly
find  that  they  must  change  phase  drastically  in  a  short  period
of  time,  particularly  the  hard  way  experience  something  very
like  jet  lag  without  travelling.

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