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eritrea

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eritrea


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Eritrea 
  n  :  a  province  of  northern  Ethiopia  on  the  Red  Sea  [syn:  {Eritrea}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Eritrea 
 
  Eritrea:Geography 
 
  Location:  Eastern  Africa,  bordering  the  Red  Sea,  between  Djibouti  and 
  Sudan 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  121,320  sq  km 
  land  area:  121,320  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Pennsylvania 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  1,630  km  Djibouti  113  km  Ethiopia  912  km 
  Sudan  605  km 
 
  Coastline:  1,151  km  (land  and  island  coastline  is  2,234  km) 
 
  Maritime  claims:  NA 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  hot,  dry  desert  strip  along  Red  Sea  coast;  cooler  and  wetter 
  in  the  central  highlands  (up  to  61  cm  of  rainfall  annually);  semiarid 
  in  western  hills  and  lowlands;  rainfall  heaviest  during  June-September 
  except  on  coastal  desert 
 
  Terrain:  dominated  by  extension  of  Ethiopian  north-south  trending 
  highlands,  descending  on  the  east  to  a  coastal  desert  plain,  on  the 
  northwest  to  hilly  terrain  and  on  the  southwest  to  flat-to-rolling 
  plains 
 
  Natural  resources:  gold,  potash,  zinc,  copper,  salt,  probably  oil 
  (petroleum  geologists  are  prospecting  for  it),  fish 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  3% 
  permanent  crops:  2%  (coffee) 
  meadows  and  pastures:  40% 
  forest  and  woodland:  5% 
  other:  50% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  famine;  deforestation;  desertification  soil  erosion; 
  overgrazing  loss  of  infrastructure  from  civil  warfare 
  natural  hazards:  frequent  droughts 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Endangered  Species;  signed,  but 
  not  ratified  -  Desertification 
 
  Note:  strategic  geopolitical  position  along  world's  busiest  shipping 
  lanes;  Eritrea  retained  the  entire  coastline  of  Ethiopia  along  the  Red 
  Sea  upon  de  jure  independence  from  Ethiopia  on  27  April  1993 
 
  Eritrea:People 
 
  Population:  3,578,709  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  43%  (female  763,416;  male  774,922) 
  15-64  years:  54%  (female  965,124;  male  965,435) 
  65  years  and  over:  3%  (female  52,950;  male  56,862)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  9.04%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  44.34  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  15.67  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  NA  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  note:  repatriation  of  up  to  a  half  million  Eritrean  refugees  in  Sudan 
  is  now  underway;  100,000  are  expected  to  return  during  1995 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  120.6  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  50  years 
  male:  48.28  years 
  female:  51.78  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  6.53  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Eritrean(s) 
  adjective:  Eritrean 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  ethnic  Tigrays  50%,  Tigre  and  Kunama  40%,  Afar  4%, 
  Saho  (Red  Sea  coast  dwellers)  3% 
 
  Religions:  Muslim,  Coptic  Christian,  Roman  Catholic,  Protestant 
 
  Languages:  Tigre  and  Kunama  Cushitic  dialects,  Tigre,  Nora  Bana, 
  Arabic 
 
  Labor  force:  NA 
 
  Eritrea:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  State  of  Eritrea 
  conventional  short  form:  Eritrea 
  local  long  form:  none 
  local  short  form:  none 
  former:  Eritrea  Autonomous  Region  in  Ethiopia 
 
  Digraph:  ER 
 
  Type:  transitional  government 
  note:  on  29  May  1991  ISAIAS  Afworke  secretary  general  of  the  Peoples' 
  Front  for  Democracy  and  Justice  (PFDJ),  which  then  served  and  still 
  serves  as  the  country's  legislative  body,  announced  the  formation  of 
  the  Provisional  Government  in  Eritrea  (PGE)  in  preparation  for  the 
  23-25  April  1993  referendum  on  independence  for  the  autonomous  region 
  of  Eritrea;  the  result  was  a  landslide  vote  for  independence  which  was 
  proclaimed  on  27  April  1993 
 
  Capital:  Asmara  (formerly  Asmera) 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  9  provinces;  Akole  Guzay  Baraka,  Danakil 
  Hamasen  Sahil,  Samhar,  Senhit,  Seraye,  Sahil 
 
  Independence:  27  May  1993  (from  Ethiopia;  formerly  the  Eritrea 
  Autonomous  Region) 
 
  National  holiday:  National  Day  (independence  from  Ethiopia),  24  May 
  (1993) 
 
  Constitution:  transitional  constitution"  decreed  19  May  1993 
 
  Legal  system:  NA 
 
  Suffrage:  NA 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  ISAIAS  Afworke  (since 
  22  May  1993) 
  cabinet:  State  Council;  the  collective  executive  authority 
  note:  election  to  be  held  before  20  May  1997 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  National  Assembly:  PFDJ  Central  Committee  serves  as  the  country's 
  legislative  body  until  country-wide  elections  are  held  (before  20  May 
  1997) 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Judiciary 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  People's  Front  for  Democracy  and 
  Justice  (PFDJ),  ISAIAS  Afworke  PETROS  Solomon  (the  only  party 
  recognized  by  the  government) 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Eritrean  Islamic  Jihad  (EIJ); 
  Islamic  Militant  Group  Eritrean  Liberation  Front  (ELF),  ABDULLAH 
  Muhammed;  Eritrean  Liberation  Front  -  United  Organization  (ELF-UO), 
  Mohammed  Said  NAWUD  Eritrean  Liberation  Front  -  Revolutionary  Council 
  (ELF-RC),  Ahmed  NASSER 
 
  Member  of:  ACP,  ECA,  FAO,  IBRD,  ICAO,  IDA,  IFAD,  IGADD,  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INTELSAT  (nonsignatory  user),  ITU,  OAU,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UPU,  WFTU 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  AMDEMICHAEL  Berhane  Khasai 
  chancery:  Suite  400,  910  17th  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  20006 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  429-1991 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  429-9004 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Robert  G.  HOUDEK 
  embassy:  34  Zera  Yacob  St.,  Asmara 
  mailing  address:  P.O.  Box  211,  Asmara 
  telephone:  [291]  (1)  120004 
  FAX:  [291]  (1)  127584 
 
  Flag:  red  isosceles  triangle  (based  on  the  hoist  side)  dividing  the 
  flag  into  two  right  triangles;  the  upper  triangle  is  green,  the  lower 
  one  is  blue;  a  gold  wreath  encircling  a  gold  olive  branch  is  centered 
  on  the  hoist  side  of  the  red  triangle 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  With  independence  from  Ethiopia  on  27  April  1993,  Eritrea 
  faces  the  bitter  economic  problems  of  a  small  desperately  poor 
  African  country.  Most  of  the  population  will  continue  to  depend  on 
  subsistence  farming.  Domestic  output  is  substantially  augmented  by 
  worker  remittances  from  abroad.  Government  revenues  come  from  custom 
  duties  and  income  and  sales  taxes.  Eritrea  has  inherited  the  entire 
  coastline  of  Ethiopia  and  has  long-term  prospects  for  revenues  from 
  the  development  of  offshore  oil,  offshore  fishing,  and  tourism.  For 
  the  time  being  Ethiopia  will  be  largely  dependent  on  Eritrean  ports 
  for  its  foreign  trade 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $1.8  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  2%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $500  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  NA% 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  NA% 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $NA 
  expenditures:  $NA,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
 
  Exports:  $NA 
  commodities:  NA 
  partners:  NA 
 
  Imports:  $NA 
  commodities:  NA 
  partners:  NA 
 
  External  debt:  $NA 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  NA  kW 
  production:  NA  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  NA  kWh 
 
  Industries:  food  processing,  beverages,  clothing  and  textiles 
 
  Agriculture:  products  -  sorghum,  livestock  (including  goats),  fish, 
  lentils,  vegetables,  maize,  cotton,  tobacco,  coffee,  sisal  (for  making 
  rope) 
 
  Economic  aid:  $NA 
 
  Currency:  1  birr  Br  =  100  cents;  at  present,  Ethiopian  currency  used 
 
  Exchange  rates:  1  birr  Br  per  US$1  -  5.9500  (January  1995),  5.9500 
  (1994),  5.000  (fixed  rate  1992-93);  note  -  official  rate  pegged  to  US$ 
 
  Fiscal  year:  NA 
 
  Eritrea:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  307  km  note  -  nonoperational  since  1978;  links  Ak'ordat  and 
  Asmara  (formerly  Asmera)  with  the  port  of  Massawa  (formerly  Mits'iwa) 
  narrow  gauge:  307  km  1.000-m  gauge  (1993  est.) 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  3,845  km 
  paved:  807  km 
  unpaved:  gravel  840  km  improved  earth  402  km  unimproved  earth  1,796 
  km 
 
  Ports:  Assab  (Aseb),  Massawa  (Mits'iwa) 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  20 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  6 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  7 
 
  Eritrea:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  NA 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  NA 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  NA  FM  NA  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  NA 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Eritrea:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Eritrean  People's  Liberation  Front  (EPLF) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  $NA,  NA%  of  GDP 
 
 
 




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