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josiah

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josiah


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Josiah 
  healed  by  Jehovah,  or  Jehovah  will  support.  The  son  of  Amon,  and 
  his  successor  on  the  throne  of  Judah  (2  Kings  22:1;  2  Chr. 
  34:1).  His  history  is  contained  in  2  Kings  22,  23.  He  stands 
  foremost  among  all  the  kings  of  the  line  of  David  for  unswerving 
  loyalty  to  Jehovah  (23:25).  He  "did  that  which  was  right  in  the 
  sight  of  the  Lord,  and  walked  in  all  the  way  of  David  his 
  father."  He  ascended  the  throne  at  the  early  age  of  eight  years, 
  and  it  appears  that  not  till  eight  years  afterwards  did  he  begin 
  "to  seek  after  the  God  of  David  his  father."  At  that  age  he 
  devoted  himself  to  God.  He  distinguished  himself  by  beginning  a 
  war  of  extermination  against  the  prevailing  idolatry,  which  had 
  practically  been  the  state  religion  for  some  seventy  years  (2 
  Chr.  34:3;  comp.  Jer.  25:3,  11,  29). 
 
  In  the  eighteenth  year  of  his  reign  he  proceeded  to  repair  and 
  beautify  the  temple,  which  by  time  and  violence  had  become 
  sorely  dilapidated  (2  Kings  22:3,  5,  6;  23:23;  2  Chr.  34:11). 
  While  this  work  was  being  carried  on  Hilkiah,  the  high  priest, 
  discovered  a  roll,  which  was  probably  the  original  copy  of  the 
  law,  the  entire  Pentateuch,  written  by  Moses. 
 
  When  this  book  was  read  to  him  the  king  was  alarmed  by  the 
  things  it  contained,  and  sent  for  Huldah,  the  "prophetess,"  for 
  her  counsel.  She  spoke  to  him  words  of  encouragement,  telling 
  him  that  he  would  be  gathered  to  his  fathers  in  peace  before  the 
  threatened  days  of  judgment  came  Josiah  immediately  gathered 
  the  people  together,  and  engaged  them  in  a  renewal  of  their 
  ancient  national  covenant  with  God.  The  Passover  was  then 
  celebrated,  as  in  the  days  of  his  great  predecessor,  Hezekiah, 
  with  unusual  magnificence.  Nevertheless,  "the  Lord  turned  not 
  from  the  fierceness  of  his  great  wrath  wherewith  his  anger  was 
  kindled  against  Judah"  (2  Kings  22:3-20;  23:21-27;  2  Chr. 
  35:1-19).  During  the  progress  of  this  great  religious  revolution 
  Jeremiah  helped  it  on  by  his  earnest  exhortations. 
 
  Soon  after  this  Pharaoh-Necho  II  (q.v.),  king  of  Egypt,  in 
  an  expedition  against  the  king  of  Assyria,  with  the  view  of 
  gaining  possession  of  Carchemish,  sought  a  passage  through  the 
  territory  of  Judah  for  his  army.  This  Josiah  refused  to  permit. 
  He  had  probably  entered  into  some  new  alliance  with  the  king  of 
  Assyria,  and  faithful  to  his  word  he  sought  to  oppose  the 
  progress  of  Necho. 
 
  The  army  of  Judah  went  out  and  encountered  that  of  Egypt  at 
  Megiddo,  on  the  verge  of  the  plain  of  Esdraelon.  Josiah  went 
  into  the  field  in  disguise,  and  was  fatally  wounded  by  a  random 
  arrow.  His  attendants  conveyed  him  toward  Jerusalem,  but  had 
  only  reached  Hadadrimmon,  a  few  miles  south  of  Megiddo,  when  he 
  died  (2  Kings  23:28,  30;  comp.  2  Chr.  35:20-27),  after  a  reign 
  of  thirty-one  years.  He  was  buried  with  the  greatest  honours  in 
  fulfilment  of  Huldah's  prophecy  (2  Kings  22:20;  comp.  Jer. 
  34:5).  Jeremiah  composed  a  funeral  elegy  on  this  the  best  of  the 
  kings  of  Israel  (Lam.  4:20;  2  Chr.  35:25).  The  outburst  of 
  national  grief  on  account  of  his  death  became  proverbial  (Zech. 
  12:11;  comp.  Rev.  16:16). 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Josiah,  the  Lord  burns;  the  fire  of  the  Lord 
 




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