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gibraltar

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gibraltar


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gibraltar  \Gi*bral"tar\,  n. 
  1.  A  strongly  fortified  town  on  the  south  coast  of  Spain, 
  held  by  the  British  since  1704;  hence  an  impregnable 
  stronghold. 
 
  2.  A  kind  of  candy  sweetmeat,  or  a  piece  of  it  --  called  in 
  full,  {Gibraltar  rock}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Gibraltar 
  n  :  a  limestone  promontory  at  the  southern  tip  of  Spain; 
  controlled  by  Britain;  strategically  important  because  it 
  can  control  the  entrance  of  ships  into  the  Mediterranean 
  [syn:  {Gibraltar},  {Rock  of  Gibraltar},  {Calpe}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Gibraltar,  MI  (city,  FIPS  32020) 
  Location:  42.09482  N,  83.20270  W 
  Population  (1990):  4297  (1662  housing  units) 
  Area:  10.0  sq  km  (land),  1.3  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  48173 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Gibraltar 
 
  (dependent  territory  of  the  UK) 
 
  Gibraltar:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southwestern  Europe,  bordering  the  Strait  of  Gibraltar, 
  which  links  the  Mediterranean  Sea  and  the  North  Atlantic  Ocean,  on  the 
  southern  coast  of  Spain 
 
  Map  references:  Europe 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  6.5  sq  km 
  land  area:  6.5  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  about  11  times  the  size  of  The  Mall  in  Washington, 
  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  1.2  km  Spain  1.2  km 
 
  Coastline:  12  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  territorial  sea:  3  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  source  of  occasional  friction  between  Spain 
  and  the  UK 
 
  Climate:  Mediterranean  with  mild  winters  and  warm  summers 
 
  Terrain:  a  narrow  coastal  lowland  borders  The  Rock 
 
  Natural  resources:  negligible 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  0% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  0% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0% 
  other:  100% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  limited  natural  freshwater  resources,  so  large 
  concrete  or  natural  rock  water  catchments  collect  rain  water 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  NA 
 
  Note:  strategic  location  on  Strait  of  Gibraltar  that  links  the  North 
  Atlantic  Ocean  and  Mediterranean  Sea 
 
  Gibraltar:People 
 
  Population:  31,874  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  24%  (female  3,757;  male  3,835) 
  15-64  years:  63%  (female  9,730;  male  10,485) 
  65  years  and  over:  13%  (female  2,360;  male  1,707)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.62%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  15  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  8.85  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  7.9  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  76.61  years 
  male:  73.7  years 
  female:  79.48  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.29  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Gibraltarian(s) 
  adjective:  Gibraltar 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Italian,  English,  Maltese,  Portuguese,  Spanish 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  74%,  Protestant  11%  (Church  of  England  8%, 
  other  3%),  Moslem  8%,  Jewish  2%,  none  or  other  5%  (1981) 
 
  Languages:  English  (used  in  schools  and  for  official  purposes), 
  Spanish,  Italian,  Portuguese,  Russian 
 
  Literacy:  NA% 
 
  Labor  force:  14,800  (including  non-Gibraltar  laborers) 
  note:  UK  military  establishments  and  civil  government  employ  nearly 
  50%  of  the  labor  force 
 
  Gibraltar:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  none 
  conventional  short  form:  Gibraltar 
 
  Digraph:  GI 
 
  Type:  dependent  territory  of  the  UK 
 
  Capital:  Gilbraltar 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  none  (dependent  territory  of  the  UK) 
 
  Independence:  none  (dependent  territory  of  the  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Commonwealth  Day  (second  Monday  of  March) 
 
  Constitution:  30  May  1969 
 
  Legal  system:  English  law 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal,  plus  other  UK  subjects  resident 
  six  months  or  more 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Queen  ELIZABETH  II  (since  6  February  1952), 
  represented  by  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief  Gen.  Sir  John  CHAPPLE 
  (since  NA  March  1993) 
  head  of  government:  Chief  Minister  Joe  BOSSANO  (since  25  March  1988) 
  Gibraltar  Council:  advises  the  governor 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  from  the  elected  members  of 
  the  Assembly  by  the  governor  in  consultation  with  the  chief  minister 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  House  of  Assembly:  elections  last  held  on  16  January  1992  (next  to  be 
  held  January  1996);  results  -  SL  73.3%;  seats  -  (18  total,  15  elected) 
  number  of  seats  by  party  NA 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court,  Court  of  Appeal 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Gibraltar  Socialist  Labor  Party  (SL), 
  Joe  BOSSANO  Gibraltar  Labor  Party/Association  for  the  Advancement  of 
  Civil  Rights  (GCL/AACR),  leader  NA  Gibraltar  Social  Democrats,  Peter 
  CARUANA  Gibraltar  National  Party,  Joe  GARCIA 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  Housewives  Association;  Chamber  of 
  Commerce;  Gibraltar  Representatives  Organization 
 
  Member  of:  INTERPOL  subbureau 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  none  (dependent  territory  of  the  UK) 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  none  (dependent  territory  of  the  UK) 
 
  Flag:  two  horizontal  bands  of  white  (top,  double  width)  and  red  with  a 
  three-towered  red  castle  in  the  center  of  the  white  band;  hanging  from 
  the  castle  gate  is  a  gold  key  centered  in  the  red  band 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Gibraltar  benefits  from  an  extensive  shipping  trade  and 
  offshore  banking.  The  British  military  presence  has  been  severely 
  reduced  and  now  only  contributes  about  11%  to  the  local  economy.  The 
  financial  sector  accounts  for  15%  of  GDP;  tourism,  shipping  services 
  fees,  and  duties  on  consumer  goods  also  generate  revenue.  Because  more 
  than  70%  of  the  economy  is  in  the  public  sector,  changes  in  government 
  spending  have  a  major  impact  on  the  level  of  employment. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $205  million  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $6,600  (1993  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  3.6%  (1988) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  NA% 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $116  million 
  expenditures:  $124  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1992-93) 
 
  Exports:  $57  million  (f.o.b.,  1992) 
  commodities:  (principally  re-exports)  petroleum  51%,  manufactured 
  goods  41%,  other  8% 
  partners:  UK  Morocco,  Portugal,  Netherlands,  Spain,  US  FRG 
 
  Imports:  $420  million  (c.i.f.,  1992) 
  commodities:  fuels,  manufactured  goods,  and  foodstuffs 
  partners:  UK  Spain,  Japan,  Netherlands 
 
  External  debt:  $318  million  (1987) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  47,000  kW 
  production:  90  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  2,539  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  tourism,  banking  and  finance,  construction,  commerce; 
  support  to  large  UK  naval  and  air  bases;  transit  trade  and  supply 
  depot  in  the  port;  light  manufacturing  of  tobacco,  roasted  coffee, 
  ice,  mineral  waters,  candy,  beer,  and  canned  fish 
 
  Agriculture:  none 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-88),  $800,000; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries  and  ODA  bilateral  commitments  (1992-93), 
  $2.5  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Gibraltar  pound  (#G)  =  100  pence 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Gibraltar  pounds  (#G)  per  US$1  -  0.6350  (January 
  1995),  0.6529  (1994),  0.6658  (1993),  0.5664  (1992),  0.5652  (1991), 
  0.5603  (1990);  note  -  the  Gibraltar  pound  is  at  par  with  the  British 
  pound 
 
  Fiscal  year:  1  July  -  30  June 
 
  Gibraltar:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  NA  km  1.000-m  gauge  system  in  dockyard  area  only 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  50  km 
  paved:  50  km 
 
  Pipelines:  none 
 
  Ports:  Gibraltar 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  23  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  419,707  GRT/721,110  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  3,  cargo  3,  chemical  tanker  1,  container  2,  oil 
  tanker  14 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  1 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  1 
 
  Gibraltar:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  9,400  telephones;  adequate,  automatic  domestic 
  system  and  adequate  international  radiocommunication  and  microwave 
  facilities 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  1,  FM  6,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  4 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Gibraltar:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  British  Army,  Royal  Navy,  Royal  Air  Force 
 
  Note:  defense  is  the  responsibility  of  the  UK 
 
 
 




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