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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  {White  elm}  (Bot.),  a  majestic  tree  of  North  America  ({Ulmus 
  Americana}),  the  timber  of  which  is  much  used  for  hubs  of 
  wheels,  and  for  other  purposes. 
  {White  ensign}.  See  {Saint  George's  ensign},  under  {Saint}. 
  {White  feather},  a  mark  or  symbol  of  cowardice.  See  {To  show 
  the  white  feather},  under  {Feather},  n. 
  {White  fir}  (Bot.),  a  name  given  to  several  coniferous  trees 
  of  the  Pacific  States,  as  {Abies  grandis},  and  {A. 
  {White  flesher}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  ruffed  grouse.  See  under 
  {Ruffed}.  [Canada] 
  {White  frost}.  See  {Hoarfrost}. 
  {White  game}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  white  ptarmigan. 
  {White  garnet}  (Min.),  leucite. 
  {White  grass}  (Bot.),  an  American  grass  ({Leersia  Virginica}) 
  with  greenish-white  pale[ae]. 
  {White  grouse}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  white  ptarmigan. 
  b  The  prairie  chicken.  [Local,  U.  S.] 
  {White  grub}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  the  June  bug  and  other 
  allied  species.  These  grubs  eat  the  roots  of  grasses  and 
  other  plants,  and  often  do  much  damage. 
  {White  hake}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  squirrel  hake.  See  under 
  {White  hawk},  or  {kite}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  hen  harrier. 
  {White  heat},  the  temperature  at  which  bodies  become 
  incandescent,  and  appear  white  from  the  bright  light  which 
  they  emit. 
  {White  hellebore}  (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  genus  {Veratrum} 
  ({V.  album})  See  {Hellebore},  2. 
  {White  herring},  a  fresh,  or  unsmoked  herring,  as 
  distinguished  from  a  red,  or  cured,  herring.  [R.]  --Shak. 
  {White  hoolet}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  barn  owl.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  {White  horses}  (Naut.),  white-topped  waves;  whitecaps. 
  {The  White  House}.  See  under  {House}. 
  {White  ibis}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  American  ibis  ({Guara  alba}) 
  having  the  plumage  pure  white,  except  the  tips  of  the 
  wings,  which  are  black.  It  inhabits  tropical  America  and 
  the  Southern  United  States.  Called  also  {Spanish  curlew}. 
  {White  iron}. 
  a  Thin  sheets  of  iron  coated  with  tin;  tinned  iron. 
  b  A  hard,  silvery-white  cast  iron  containing  a  large 
  proportion  of  combined  carbon. 
  {White  iron  pyrites}  (Min.),  marcasite. 
  {White  land},  a  tough  clayey  soil,  of  a  whitish  hue  when  dry, 
  but  blackish  after  rain.  [Eng.] 
  {White  lark}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  snow  bunting. 
  {White  lead}. 
  a  A  carbonate  of  lead  much  used  in  painting,  and  for 
  other  purposes;  ceruse. 
  b  (Min.)  Native  lead  carbonate;  cerusite. 
  {White  leather},  buff  leather;  leather  tanned  with  alum  and 
  {White  leg}  (Med.),  milk  leg.  See  under  {Milk}. 
  {White  lettuce}  (Bot.),  rattlesnake  root.  See  under 
  {White  lie}.  See  under  {Lie}. 
  {White  light}. 
  a  (Physics)  Light  having  the  different  colors  in  the 
  same  proportion  as  in  the  light  coming  directly  from 
  the  sun,  without  having  been  decomposed,  as  by  passing 
  through  a  prism.  See  the  Note  under  {Color},  n.,  1. 
  b  A  kind  of  firework  which  gives  a  brilliant  white 
  illumination  for  signals,  etc 
  {White  lime},  a  solution  or  preparation  of  lime  for 
  whitewashing;  whitewash. 
  {White  line}  (Print.),  a  void  space  of  the  breadth  of  a  line 
  on  a  printed  page;  a  blank  line 
  {White  meat}. 
  a  Any  light-colored  flesh,  especially  of  poultry. 
  b  Food  made  from  milk  or  eggs,  as  butter,  cheese,  etc 
  Driving  their  cattle  continually  with  them  and 
  feeding  only  upon  their  milk  and  white  meats. 
  {White  merganser}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  smew. 
  {White  metal}. 
  a  Any  one  of  several  white  alloys,  as  pewter,  britannia, 
  b  (Metal.)  A  fine  grade  of  copper  sulphide  obtained  at  a 
  certain  stage  in  copper  smelting. 
  {White  miller}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  common  clothes  moth. 
  b  A  common  American  bombycid  moth  ({Spilosoma 
  Virginica})  which  is  pure  white  with  a  few  small  black 
  spots;  --  called  also  {ermine  moth},  and  {virgin 
  moth}.  See  {Woolly  bear},  under  {Woolly}. 
  {White  money},  silver  money. 
  {White  mouse}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  albino  variety  of  the  common 
  {White  mullet}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  silvery  mullet  ({Mugil  curema}) 
  ranging  from  the  coast  of  the  United  States  to  Brazil;  -- 
  called  also  {blue-back  mullet},  and  {liza}. 
  {White  nun}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  smew;  --  so  called  from  the  white 
  crest  and  the  band  of  black  feathers  on  the  back  of  its 
  head,  which  give  the  appearance  of  a  hood. 
  {White  oak}.  (Bot.)  See  under  {Oak}. 
  {White  owl}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  snowy  owl. 
  b  The  barn  owl. 
  {White  partridge}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  white  ptarmigan. 
  {White  perch}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  North  American  fresh-water  bass  ({Morone  Americana}) 
  valued  as  a  food  fish. 
  b  The  croaker,  or  fresh-water  drum. 
  c  Any  California  surf  fish. 
  {White  pine}.  (Bot.)  See  the  Note  under  {Pine}. 
  {White  poplar}  (Bot.),  a  European  tree  ({Populus  alba})  often 
  cultivated  as  a  shade  tree  in  America;  abele. 
  {White  poppy}  (Bot.),  the  opium-yielding  poppy.  See  {Poppy}. 
  {White  powder},  a  kind  of  gunpowder  formerly  believed  to 
  exist,  and  to  have  the  power  of  exploding  without  noise. 
  A  pistol  charged  with  white  powder.  --Beau.  &  Fl 
  {White  precipitate}.  (Old  Chem.)  See  under  {Precipitate}. 
  {White  rabbit}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  American  northern  hare  in  its  winter  pelage. 
  b  An  albino  rabbit. 
  {White  rent}, 
  a  (Eng.  Law)  Formerly,  rent  payable  in  silver;  -- 
  opposed  to  black  rent.  See  {Blackmail},  n.,  3. 
  b  A  rent,  or  duty,  of  eight  pence,  payable  yearly  by 
  every  tinner  in  Devon  and  Cornwall  to  the  Duke  of 
  Cornwall,  as  lord  of  the  soil.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  {White  rhinoceros}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  one-horned,  or  Indian,  rhinoceros  ({Rhinoceros 
  Indicus}).  See  {Rhinoceros}. 
  b  The  umhofo. 
  {White  ribbon},  the  distinctive  badge  of  certain 
  organizations  for  the  promotion  of  temperance  or  of  moral 
  purity;  as  the  White-ribbon  Army. 
  {White  rope}  (Naut.),  untarred  hemp  rope. 
  {White  rot}.  (Bot.) 
  a  Either  of  several  plants,  as  marsh  pennywort  and 
  butterwort,  which  were  thought  to  produce  the  disease 
  called  rot  in  sheep. 
  b  A  disease  of  grapes.  See  {White  rot},  under  {Rot}. 
  {White  sage}  (Bot.),  a  white,  woolly  undershrub  ({Eurotia 
  lanata})  of  Western  North  America;  --  called  also  {winter 
  {White  salmon}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  silver  salmon. 
  {White  salt},  salt  dried  and  calcined;  decrepitated  salt. 
  {White  scale}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  scale  insect  ({Aspidiotus  Nerii}) 
  injurious  to  the  orange  tree.  See  {Orange  scale},  under 
  {White  shark}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  species  of  man-eating  shark.  See 
  under  {Shark}. 
  {White  softening}.  (Med.)  See  {Softening  of  the  brain},  under 
  {White  spruce}.  (Bot.)  See  {Spruce},  n.,  1. 
  {White  squall}  (Naut.),  a  sudden  gust  of  wind,  or  furious 
  blow,  which  comes  up  without  being  marked  in  its  approach 
  otherwise  than  by  whitecaps,  or  white,  broken  water,  on 
  the  surface  of  the  sea. 
  {White  staff},  the  badge  of  the  lord  high  treasurer  of 
  England.  --Macaulay. 
  {White  stork}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  common  European  stork. 
  {White  sturgeon}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Shovelnose} 
  d  . 
  {White  sucker}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  common  sucker. 
  b  The  common  red  horse  ({Moxostoma  macrolepidotum}). 
  {White  swelling}  (Med.),  a  chronic  swelling  of  the  knee, 
  produced  by  a  strumous  inflammation  of  the  synovial 
  membranes  of  the  kneejoint  and  of  the  cancellar  texture  of 
  the  end  of  the  bone  forming  the  kneejoint;  --  applied  also 
  to  a  lingering  chronic  swelling  of  almost  any  kind 
  {White  tombac}.  See  {Tombac}. 
  {White  trout}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  white  weakfish,  or  silver 
  squeteague  ({Cynoscion  nothus}),  of  the  Southern  United 
  {White  vitriol}  (Chem.),  hydrous  sulphate  of  zinc.  See  {White 
  vitriol},  under  {Vitriol}. 
  {White  wagtail}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  common,  or  pied,  wagtail. 
  {White  wax},  beeswax  rendered  white  by  bleaching. 
  {White  whale}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  beluga. 
  {White  widgeon}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  smew. 
  {White  wine}.  any  wine  of  a  clear,  transparent  color, 
  bordering  on  white,  as  Madeira,  sherry,  Lisbon,  etc.;  -- 
  distinguished  from  wines  of  a  deep  red  color,  as  port  and 
  Burgundy.  ``White  wine  of  Lepe.''  --Chaucer. 
  {White  witch},  a  witch  or  wizard  whose  supernatural  powers 
  are  supposed  to  be  exercised  for  good  and  beneficent 
  purposes.  --Addison.  --Cotton  Mather. 
  {White  wolf}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  light-colored  wolf  ({Canis  laniger})  native  of 
  Thibet;  --  called  also  {chanco},  {golden  wolf},  and 
  {Thibetan  wolf}. 
  b  The  albino  variety  of  the  gray  wolf. 
  {White  wren}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  willow  warbler;  --  so  called 
  from  the  color  of  the  under  parts 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Wolf  \Wolf\,  n.;  pl  {Wolves}.  [OE.  wolf,  wulf,  AS  wulf;  akin 
  to  OS  wulf,  D.  &  G.  wolf,  Icel.  [=u]lfr,  Sw  ulf,  Dan.  ulv, 
  Goth.  wulfs  Lith.  vilkas,  Russ.  volk',  L.  lupus,  Gr  ly`kos, 
  Skr.  v[.r]ka;  also  to  Gr  "e`lkein  to  draw,  drag,  tear  in 
  pieces.  [root]286.  Cf  {Lupine},  a.,  {Lyceum}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  Any  one  of  several  species  of  wild  and  savage 
  carnivores  belonging  to  the  genus  {Canis}  and  closely 
  allied  to  the  common  dog.  The  best-known  and  most 
  destructive  species  are  the  European  wolf  ({Canis  lupus}), 
  the  American  gray,  or  timber,  wolf  ({C.  occidentalis}), 
  and  the  prairie  wolf,  or  coyote.  Wolves  often  hunt  in 
  packs,  and  may  thus  attack  large  animals  and  even  man. 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  One  of  the  destructive,  and  usually  hairy, 
  larv[ae]  of  several  species  of  beetles  and  grain  moths; 
  as  the  bee  wolf. 
  3.  Fig.:  Any  very  ravenous,  rapacious,  or  destructive  person 
  or  thing  especially,  want  starvation;  as  they  toiled 
  hard  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door. 
  4.  A  white  worm,  or  maggot,  which  infests  granaries. 
  5.  An  eating  ulcer  or  sore.  Cf  {Lupus}.  [Obs.] 
  If  God  should  send  a  cancer  upon  thy  face,  or  a  wolf 
  into  thy  side  --Jer.  Taylor. 
  6.  (Mus.) 
  a  The  harsh,  howling  sound  of  some  of  the  chords  on  an 
  organ  or  piano  tuned  by  unequal  temperament. 
  b  In  bowed  instruments,  a  harshness  due  to  defective 
  vibration  in  certain  notes  of  the  scale. 
  7.  (Textile  Manuf.)  A  willying  machine.  --Knight. 
  {Black  wolf}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  black  variety  of  the  European  wolf  which  is  common 
  in  the  Pyrenees. 
  b  A  black  variety  of  the  American  gray  wolf. 
  {Golden  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  Thibetan  wolf  ({Canis 
  laniger});  --  called  also  {chanco}. 
  {Indian  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  Asiatic  wolf  ({Canis  pallipes}) 
  which  somewhat  resembles  a  jackal.  Called  also  {landgak}. 
  {Prairie  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  coyote. 
  {Sea  wolf}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
  {Strand  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.)  the  striped  hyena. 
  {Tasmanian  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  zebra  wolf. 
  {Tiger  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  spotted  hyena. 
  {To  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door},  to  keep  away  poverty;  to 
  prevent  starvation.  See  {Wolf},  3,  above.  --Tennyson. 
  {Wolf  dog}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  mastiff,  or  shepherd  dog,  of  the  Pyrenees, 
  supposed  by  some  authors  to  be  one  of  the  ancestors  of 
  the  St  Bernard  dog. 
  b  The  Irish  greyhound,  supposed  to  have  been  used 
  formerly  by  the  Danes  for  chasing  wolves. 
  c  A  dog  bred  between  a  dog  and  a  wolf,  as  the  Eskimo 
  {Wolf  eel}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  wolf  fish. 
  {Wolf  fish}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  several  species  of  large 
  voracious  marine  fishes  of  the  genus  {Anarrhichas}, 
  especially  the  common  species  ({A.  lupus})  of  Europe  and 
  North  America.  These  fishes  have  large  teeth  and  powerful 
  jaws.  Called  also  {catfish},  {sea  cat},  {sea  wolf},  {stone 
  biter},  and  {swinefish}. 
  {Wolf  net},  a  kind  of  net  used  in  fishing,  which  takes  great 
  numbers  of  fish. 
  {Wolf's  peach}  (Bot.),  the  tomato,  or  love  apple 
  ({Lycopersicum  esculentum}). 
  {Wolf  spider}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species  of 
  running  ground  spiders  belonging  to  the  genus  {Lycosa},  or 
  family  {Lycosid[ae]}.  These  spiders  run  about  rapidly  in 
  search  of  their  prey.  Most  of  them  are  plain  brown  or 
  blackish  in  color.  See  Illust.  in  App. 
  {Zebra  wolf}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  savage  carnivorous  marsupial 
  ({Thylacinus  cynocephalus})  native  of  Tasmania;  --  called 
  also  {Tasmanian  wolf}.