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burkina


burkina


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Burkina 
 
  Burkina:Geography 
 
  Location:  Western  Africa,  north  of  Ghana 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  274,200  sq  km 
  land  area:  273,800  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Colorado 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  3,192  km  Benin  306  km  Ghana  548  km  Cote 
  d'Ivoire  584  km  Mali  1,000  km  Niger  628  km  Togo  126  km 
 
  Coastline:  0  km  (landlocked) 
 
  Maritime  claims:  none;  landlocked 
 
  International  disputes:  following  mutual  acceptance  of  an 
  International  Court  of  Justice  (ICJ)  ruling  in  December  1986  on  their 
  international  boundary  dispute,  Burkina  and  Mali  are  proceeding  with 
  boundary  demarcation,  including  the  tripoint  with  Niger 
 
  Climate:  tropical;  warm,  dry  winters;  hot,  wet  summers 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  flat  to  dissected,  undulating  plains;  hills  in  west 
  and  southeast 
 
  Natural  resources:  manganese,  limestone,  marble;  small  deposits  of 
  gold,  antimony,  copper,  nickel,  bauxite,  lead,  phosphates,  zinc, 
  silver 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  10% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  37% 
  forest  and  woodland:  26% 
  other:  27% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  160  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  recent  droughts  and  desertification  severely  affecting 
  agricultural  activities,  population  distribution,  and  the  economy; 
  overgrazing  soil  degradation;  deforestation 
  natural  hazards:  recurring  droughts 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Marine  Life  Conservation,  Ozone  Layer  Protection, 
  Wetlands;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Desertification  Law  of  the  Sea, 
  Nuclear  Test  Ban 
 
  Note:  landlocked 
 
  Burkina:People 
 
  Population:  10,422,828  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  48%  (female  2,488,662;  male  2,517,245) 
  15-64  years:  49%  (female  2,707,601;  male  2,378,957) 
  65  years  and  over:  3%  (female  184,578;  male  145,785)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.79%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  48.05  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  18.22  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -1.9  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  116.9  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  46.6  years 
  male:  45.71  years 
  female:  47.51  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  6.88  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Burkinabe  (singular  and  plural) 
  adjective:  Burkinabe 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Mossi  (about  2.5  million),  Gurunsi  Senufo  Lobi, 
  Bobo,  Mande,  Fulani 
 
  Religions:  indigenous  beliefs  40%,  Muslim  50%,  Christian  (mainly  Roman 
  Catholic)  10% 
 
  Languages:  French  (official),  tribal  languages  belonging  to  Sudanic 
  family,  spoken  by  90%  of  the  population 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990  est.) 
  total  population:  18% 
  male:  28% 
  female:  9% 
 
  Labor  force:  NA  (most  adults  are  employed  in  subsistance  agriculture) 
  by  occupation:  agriculture  80%,  industry  15%,  commerce,  services,  and 
  government  5% 
  note:  20%  of  male  labor  force  migrates  annually  to  neighboring 
  countries  for  seasonal  employment  (1984) 
 
  Burkina:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Burkina  Faso 
  conventional  short  form:  Burkina 
  former:  Upper  Volta 
 
  Digraph:  UV 
 
  Type:  parliamentary 
 
  Capital:  Ouagadougou 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  30  provinces;  Bam,  Bazega  Bougouriba 
  Boulgou  Boulkiemde  Ganzourgou  Gnagna  Gourma,  Houet,  Kadiogo 
  Kenedougou  Komoe  Kossi,  Kouritenga  Mouhoun  Namentenga  Naouri 
  Oubritenga  Oudalan  Passore  Poni,  Sanguie,  Sanmatenga  Seno, 
  Sissili  Soum,  Sourou  Tapoa,  Yatenga  Zoundweogo 
 
  Independence:  5  August  1960  (from  France) 
 
  National  holiday:  Anniversary  of  the  Revolution,  4  August  (1983) 
 
  Constitution:  2  June  1991 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  French  civil  law  system  and  customary  law 
 
  Suffrage:  none 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  Captain  Blaise  COMPAORE  (since  15  October 
  1987);  election  last  held  December  1991 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Roch  KABORE  (since  March  1994) 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  by  the  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Assembly  of  People's  Deputies:  elections  last  held  24  May  1992  (next 
  to  be  held  1997);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (107 
  total),  ODP-MT  78,  CNPP-PSD  12,  RDA  6,  ADF  4,  other  7 
  note:  the  current  law  also  provides  for  a  second  consultative  chamber, 
  which  has  not  been  formally  constituted 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Appeals  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Organization  for  People's  Democracy  - 
  Labor  Movement  (ODP-MT),  ruling  party,  Simon  COMPAORE,  Secretary 
  General;  National  Convention  of  Progressive  Patriots-Social  Democratic 
  Party  (CNPP-PSD),  Moussa  BOLY;  African  Democratic  Rally  (RDA),  Gerard 
  Kango  OUEDRAOGO  Alliance  for  Democracy  and  Federation  (ADF),  Amadou 
  Michel  NANA 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  committees  for  the  defense  of  the 
  revolution;  watchdog/political  action  groups  throughout  the  country  in 
  both  organizations  and  communities 
 
  Member  of:  ACCT,  ACP,  AfDB  CCC,  CEAO,  ECA,  ECOWAS  Entente,  FAO,  FZ 
  G-77,  GATT,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICC,  ICFTU  ICRM,  IDA,  IDB,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS 
  ILO,  IMF,  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  NAM,  OAU,  OIC,  PCA,  UN 
  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WADB,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Gaetan  R.  OUEDRAOGO 
  chancery:  2340  Massachusetts  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  332-5577,  6895 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Donald  J.  McCONNELL 
  embassy:  Avenue  Raoul  Follerau  Ouagadougou 
  mailing  address:  01  B.  P.  35,  Ouagadougou 
  telephone:  [226]  306723  through  306725 
  FAX:  [226]  312368 
 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  red  top  and  green  with  a  yellow 
  five-pointed  star  in  the  center;  uses  the  popular  pan-African  colors 
  of  Ethiopia 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  One  of  the  poorest  countries  in  the  world,  Burkina  has  a 
  high  population  density  and  a  high  population  growth  rate,  few  natural 
  resources,  and  a  fragile  soil.  Economic  development  is  hindered  by  a 
  poor  communications  network  within  a  landlocked  country.  Agriculture 
  provides  about  40%  of  GDP  and  is  mainly  of  a  subsistence  nature. 
  Industry,  dominated  by  unprofitable  government-controlled 
  corporations,  accounts  for  about  15%  of  GDP.  Following  the  50% 
  currency  devaluation  in  January  1994,  the  government  updated  its 
  development  program  in  conjunction  with  international  agencies.  Even 
  with  the  best  of  plans,  however,  the  government  faces  formidable 
  problems  on  all  sides. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $6.5  billion  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  0.4%  (1993  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $660  (1993  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  -0.6%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  NA% 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $483  million 
  expenditures:  $548  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $189 
  million  (1992) 
 
  Exports:  $273  million  (f.o.b.,  1993) 
  commodities:  cotton,  gold,  animal  products 
  partners:  EC  42%,  Cote  d'Ivoire  11%,  Taiwan  15%  (1992) 
 
  Imports:  $636  million  (f.o.b.,  1993) 
  commodities:  machinery,  food  products,  petroleum 
  partners:  EC  49%,  Africa  24%,  Japan  6%  (1992) 
 
  External  debt:  $865  million  (December  1991  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  6.7%  (1992);  accounts  for  about  15% 
  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  60,000  kW 
  production:  190  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  17  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  cotton  lint,  beverages,  agricultural  processing,  soap, 
  cigarettes,  textiles,  gold  mining  and  extraction 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  about  40%  of  GDP;  cash  crops  -  peanuts,  shea 
  nuts,  sesame,  cotton;  food  crops  -  sorghum,  millet,  corn,  rice; 
  livestock;  not  self-sufficient  in  food  grains 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $294  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $2.9  billion;  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $113  million 
 
  Currency:  1  CFA  franc  CFAF  =  100  centimes 
 
  Exchange  rates:  CFA  francs  CFAF  per  US$1  -  529.43  (January  1995), 
  555.20  (1995),  283.16  (1993),  264.69  (1992),  282.11  (1991),  272.26 
  (1990) 
  note:  beginning  12  January  1994  the  CFA  franc  was  devalued  to  CFAF  100 
  per  French  franc  from  CFAF  50  at  which  it  had  been  fixed  since  1948 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Burkina:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  620  km  (520  km  Ouagadougou  to  Cote  d'Ivoire  border  and  100  km 
  Ouagadougou  to  Kaya;  single  track) 
  narrow  gauge:  620  km  1.000-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  16,500  km 
  paved:  1,300  km 
  unpaved:  improved  earth  7,400  km  unimproved  earth  7,800  km  (1985) 
 
  Ports:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  48 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  26 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  4 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  16 
 
  Burkina:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  NA  telephones;  all  services  only  fair 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay,  wire,  and  radio  communication 
  stations 
  international:  1  Atlantic  Ocean  INTELSAT  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  1,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  2 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Burkina:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Army,  Air  Force,  National  Gendarmerie,  National  Police, 
  People's  Militia 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  2,081,999;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  1,065,605  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $104  million,  6.4%  of 
  GDP  (1994)