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cyprus

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cyprus


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cyprus  \Cy"prus\  (s?"pr?s),  n.  [OE.  cipres,  cypirs;  perh.  so 
  named  as  being  first  manufactured  in  Cyprus.  Cf  {Cipers}.] 
  A  thin,  transparent  stuff,  the  same  as  or  corresponding  to 
  crape.  It  was  either  white  or  black,  the  latter  being  most 
  common,  and  used  for  mourning.  [Obs.] 
 
  Lawn  as  white  as  driven  snow,  Cyprus  black  as  e'er  was 
  crow.  --Shak. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Cyprus 
  n  1:  a  country  on  the  island  of  Cyprus;  80%  of  the  people  are  of 
  Greek  origin  and  20%  or  Turkish  origin  [syn:  {Cyprus}] 
  2:  an  island  in  the  Mediterranean  [syn:  {Cyprus}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cyprus 
  one  of  the  largest  islands  of  the  Mediterranean,  about  148  miles 
  long  and  40  broad.  It  is  distant  about  60  miles  from  the  Syrian 
  coast.  It  was  the  Chittim"  of  the  Old  Testament  (Num.  24:24). 
  The  Greek  colonists  gave  it  the  name  of  Kypros  from  the  cyprus, 
  i.e.,  the  henna  (see  {CAMPHIRE}),  which  grew  on  this 
  island.  It  was  originally  inhabited  by  Phoenicians.  In  B.C.  477 
  it  fell  under  the  dominion  of  the  Greeks;  and  became  a  Roman 
  province  B.C.  58.  In  ancient  times  it  was  a  centre  of  great 
  commercial  activity.  Corn  and  wine  and  oil  were  produced  here  in 
  the  greatest  perfection.  It  was  rich  also  in  timber  and  in 
  mineral  wealth. 
 
  It  is  first  mentioned  in  the  New  Testament  (Acts  4:36)  as  the 
  native  place  of  Barnabas.  It  was  the  scene  of  Paul's  first 
  missionary  labours  (13:4-13),  when  he  and  Barnabas  and  John  Mark 
  were  sent  forth  by  the  church  of  Antioch.  It  was  afterwards 
  visited  by  Barnabas  and  Mark  alone  (15:39).  Mnason,  an  "old 
  disciple,"  probaly  one  of  the  converts  of  the  day  of  Pentecost 
  belonging  to  this  island,  is  mentioned  (21:16).  It  is  also 
  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  voyages  of  Paul  (Acts  21:3; 
  27:4).  After  being  under  the  Turks  for  three  hundred  years,  it 
  was  given  up  to  the  British  Government  in  1878. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Cyprus,  fair;  fairness 
 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Cyprus 
 
  Cyprus:Geography 
 
  Location:  Middle  East,  island  in  the  Mediterreanean  Sea,  south  of 
  Turkey 
 
  Map  references:  Middle  East 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  9,250  sq  km  (note  -  3,355  sq  km  are  in  the  Turkish  area) 
  land  area:  9,240  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  about  0.7  times  the  size  of  Connecticut 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  648  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  200-m  depth  or  to  the  depth  of  exploitation 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  1974  hostilities  divided  the  island  into  two 
  de  facto  autonomous  areas,  a  Greek  area  controlled  by  the  Cypriot 
  Government  (59%  of  the  island's  land  area)  and  a  Turkish-Cypriot  area 
  (37%  of  the  island),  that  are  separated  by  a  UN  buffer  zone  (4%  of  the 
  island);  there  are  two  UK  sovereign  base  areas  within  the  Greek 
  Cypriot  portion  of  the  island 
 
  Climate:  temperate,  Mediterranean  with  hot,  dry  summers  and  cool,  wet 
  winters 
 
  Terrain:  central  plain  with  mountains  to  north  and  south;  scattered 
  but  significant  plains  along  southern  coast 
 
  Natural  resources:  copper,  pyrites,  asbestos,  gypsum,  timber,  salt, 
  marble,  clay  earth  pigment 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  40% 
  permanent  crops:  7% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  10% 
  forest  and  woodland:  18% 
  other:  25% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  350  sq  km  (1989) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  water  resource  problems  (no  natural  reservoir 
  catchments,  seasonal  disparity  in  rainfall,  and  most  potable  resources 
  concentrated  in  the  Turkish  Cypriot  area);  water  pollution  from  sewage 
  and  industrial  wastes;  coastal  degradation;  loss  of  wildlife  habitats 
  from  urbanization 
  natural  hazards:  moderate  earthquake  activity 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Air  Pollution,  Endangered 
  Species,  Environmental  Modification,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Law  of  the  Sea, 
  Marine  Dumping,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Ship 
  Pollution;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change 
 
  Cyprus:People 
 
  Population: 
  total:  736,636  (July  1995  est.)  (78%  Greek,  18%  Turk,  4%  other) 
  Greek  area:  602,656  (July  1995  est.)  (94.9%  Greek,  0.3%  Turk,  4.8% 
  other) 
  Turkish  area:  133,980  (July  1995  est.)  (2.1%  Greek,  97.7%  Turk,  0.2% 
  other) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  26%  (female  92,179;  male  97,723) 
  15-64  years:  64%  (female  234,929;  male  236,693) 
  65  years  and  over:  10%  (female  42,190;  male  32,922)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.88%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  16.27  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  7.48  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  8.6  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  76.47  years 
  male:  74.19  years 
  female:  78.85  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.3  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Cypriot(s) 
  adjective:  Cypriot 
 
  Ethnic  divisions: 
  total:  Greek  78%  (99.5%  of  the  Greeks  live  in  the  Greek  area;  0.5%  of 
  the  Greeks  live  in  the  Turkish  area),  Turkish  18%  (1.3%  of  the  Turks 
  live  in  the  Greek  area;  98.7%  of  the  Turks  live  in  the  Turkish  area), 
  other  4%  (99.2%  of  the  other  ethnic  groups  live  in  the  Greek  area; 
  0.8%  of  the  other  ethnic  groups  live  in  the  Turkish  area) 
 
  Religions:  Greek  Orthodox  78%,  Muslim  18%,  Maronite,  Armenian 
  Apostolic,  and  other  4% 
 
  Languages:  Greek,  Turkish,  English 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1987  est.) 
  total  population:  94% 
  male:  98% 
  female:  91% 
 
  Labor  force: 
  Greek  area:  285,500 
  by  occupation:  services  57%,  industry  29%,  agriculture  14%  (1992) 
  Turkish  area:  74,000 
  by  occupation:  services  52%,  industry  23%,  agriculture  25%  (1992) 
 
  Cyprus:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Cyprus 
  conventional  short  form:  Cyprus 
  note:  the  Turkish  area  refers  to  itself  as  the  "Turkish  Republic"  or 
  the  "Turkish  Republic  of  Northern  Cyprus" 
 
  Abbreviation:  the  Turkish  area  is  sometimes  referred  to  as  the  TRNC 
  which  is  short  for  "Turkish  Republic  of  Northern  Cyprus" 
 
  Digraph:  CY 
 
  Type:  republic 
  note:  a  disaggregation  of  the  two  ethnic  communities  inhabiting  the 
  island  began  after  the  outbreak  of  communal  strife  in  1963;  this 
  separation  was  further  solidified  following  the  Turkish  invasion  of 
  the  island  in  July  1974,  which  gave  the  Turkish  Cypriots  de  facto 
  control  in  the  north;  Greek  Cypriots  control  the  only  internationally 
  recognized  government;  on  15  November  1983  Turkish  Cypriot  President 
  Rauf  DENKTASH  declared  independence  and  the  formation  of  a  "Turkish 
  Republic  of  Northern  Cyprus"  (TRNC),  which  has  been  recognized  only  by 
  Turkey;  both  sides  publicly  call  for  the  resolution  of  intercommunal 
  differences  and  creation  of  a  new  federal  system  of  government 
 
  Capital:  Nicosia 
  note:  the  Turkish  area's  capital  is  Lefkosa  (Nicosia) 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  6  districts;  Famagusta  Kyrenia  Larnaca 
  Limassol  Nicosia,  Paphos;  note  -  Turkish  area  administrative 
  divisions  include  Kyrenia  all  but  a  small  part  of  Famagusta  and 
  small  parts  of  Nicosia  and  Larnaca 
 
  Independence:  16  August  1960  (from  UK) 
  note:  Turkish  area  proclaimed  self-rule  on  NA  February  1975  from 
  Republic  of  Cyprus 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  1  October 
  note:  Turkish  area  celebrates  15  November  as  Independence  Day 
 
  Constitution:  16  August  1960;  negotiations  to  create  the  basis  for  a 
  new  or  revised  constitution  to  govern  the  island  and  to  better 
  relations  between  Greek  and  Turkish  Cypriots  have  been  held 
  intermittently;  in  1975  Turkish  Cypriots  created  their  own 
  Constitution  and  governing  bodies  within  the  "Turkish  Federated  State 
  of  Cyprus,"  which  was  renamed  the  "Turkish  Republic  of  Northern 
  Cyprus"  in  1983;  a  new  Constitution  for  the  Turkish  area  passed  by 
  referendum  on  5  May  1985 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  common  law,  with  civil  law  modifications 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  Glafcos  CLERIDES 
  (since  28  February  1993);  election  last  held  14  February  1993  (next  to 
  be  held  February  1998);  results  -  Glafkos  CLERIDES  50.3%,  George 
  VASSILIOU  49.7% 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  jointly  by  the  president  and 
  vice-president 
  note:  Rauf  R.  DENKTASH  has  been  president  of  the  Turkish  area  since  13 
  February  1975;  Hakki  ATUN  has  been  prime  minister  of  the  Turkish  area 
  since  1  January  1994;  there  is  a  Council  of  Ministers  (cabinet)  in  the 
  Turkish  area;  elections  last  held  15  and  22  April  1995  (next  to  be 
  held  April  2000);  results  -  Rauf  R.  DENKTASH  62.5%,  Dervis  EROGLU 
  37.5% 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Greek  area:  House  of  Representatives  (Vouli  Antiprosopon):  elections 
  last  held  19  May  1991  (next  to  be  held  NA);  results  -  DISY  35.8%,  AKEL 
  (Communist)  30.6%,  DIKO  19.5%,  EDEK  10.9%;  others  3.2%;  seats  -  (56 
  total)  DISY  20,  AKEL  (Communist)  18,  DIKO  11,  EDEK  7 
  Turkish  area:  Assembly  of  the  Republic  (Cumhuriyet  Meclisi):  elections 
  last  held  12  December  1993  (next  to  be  held  NA);  results  -  UBP  29.9%, 
  DP  29.2%,  CTP  24.2%  TKP  13.3%,  others  3.4%;  seats  -  (50  total)  UBP 
  (conservative)  15,  DP  16,  CTP  13,  TKP  5,  UDP  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court;  note  -  there  is  also  a  Supreme  Court 
  in  the  Turkish  area 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders: 
  Greek  area:  Progressive  Party  of  the  Working  People  (AKEL,  Communist 
  Party),  Dimitrios  CHRISTOFIAS  Democratic  Rally  (DISY),  John  MATSIS; 
  Democratic  Party  (DIKO),  Spyros  KYPRIANOU  United  Democratic  Union  of 
  the  Center  (EDEK),  Vassos  LYSSARIDIS  Socialist  Democratic  Renewal 
  Movement  (ADISOK),  Mikhalis  PAPAPETROU  Liberal  Party,  Nikos  ROLANDIS 
  Free  Democrats,  George  VASSILIOU 
  Turkish  area:  National  Unity  Party  (UBP),  Dervis  EROGLU  Communal 
  Liberation  Party  (TKP),  Mustafa  AKINCI  Republican  Turkish  Party 
  (CTP),  Ozker  OZGUR  New  Cyprus  Party  (YKP),  Alpay  DURDURAN  Free 
  Democratic  Party  (HDP),  Ismet  KOTAK;  National  Justice  Party  (MAP), 
  Zorlu  TORE;  Unity  and  Sovereignty  Party  (BEP),  Arif  Salih  KIRDAG 
  Democratic  Party  (DP),  Hakki  ATUN;  Fatherland  Party  (VP),  Orhan  UCOK; 
  National  Birth  Party  (UDP);  the  HDP,  MAP,  and  VP  merged  under  the 
  label  National  Struggle  Unity  Party  (MMBP)  to  compete  in  the  12 
  December  1993  legislative  election 
 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  United  Democratic  Youth 
  Organization  (EDON,  Communist  controlled);  Union  of  Cyprus  Farmers 
  (EKA,  Communist  controlled);  Cyprus  Farmers  Union  (PEK,  pro-West); 
  Pan-Cyprian  Labor  Federation  (PEO,  Communist  controlled); 
  Confederation  of  Cypriot  Workers  (SEK,  pro-West);  Federation  of 
  Turkish  Cypriot  Labor  Unions  (Turk-Sen);  Confederation  of 
  Revolutionary  Labor  Unions  (Dev-Is) 
 
  Member  of:  C,  CCC,  CE  EBRD,  ECE,  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  IAEA,  IBRD,  ICAO, 
  ICC,  ICFTU  IDA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  (associate),  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INMARSAT  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  IOM,  ISO,  ITU,  NAM,  OAS  (observer), 
  OSCE,  PCA,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UPU,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO, 
  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Andreas  J.  JACOVIDES 
  chancery:  2211  R  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  462-5772 
  consulate(s)  general:  New  York 
  note:  Representative  of  the  Turkish  area  in  the  US  is  Namik  KORMAN, 
  office  at  1667  K  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  telephone  [1]  (202) 
  887-6198 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Richard  A.  BOUCHER 
  embassy:  corner  of  Metochiou  and  Ploutarchou  Streets,  Engomi  Nicosia 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  4536  APO  AE  09836 
  telephone:  [357]  (2)  476100 
  FAX:  [357]  (2)  465944 
 
  Flag:  white  with  a  copper-colored  silhouette  of  the  island  (the  name 
  Cyprus  is  derived  from  the  Greek  word  for  copper)  above  two  green 
  crossed  olive  branches  in  the  center  of  the  flag;  the  branches 
  symbolize  the  hope  for  peace  and  reconciliation  between  the  Greek  and 
  Turkish  communities 
  note:  the  Turkish  Cypriot  flag  has  a  horizontal  red  stripe  at  the  top 
  and  bottom  between  which  is  a  red  crescent  and  red  star  on  a  white 
  field 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  Greek  Cypriot  economy  is  small  diversified,  and 
  prosperous.  Industry  contributes  14%  to  GDP  and  employs  29%  of  the 
  labor  force,  while  the  service  sector  contributes  53%  to  GDP  and 
  employs  57%  of  the  labor  force.  An  average  6.8%  rise  in  real  GDP 
  between  1986  and  1990  was  temporarily  checked  in  1991,  because  of  the 
  adverse  effects  of  the  Gulf  war  on  tourism.  After  surging  8.5%  in 
  1992,  growth  slowed  to  2.0%  in  1993  -  its  lowest  level  in  two  decades 
  -  because  of  the  decline  in  tourist  arrivals  associated  with  the 
  recession  in  Western  Europe,  Cyprus'  main  trading  partner,  and  the 
  loss  in  export  competitiveness  due  to  a  sharp  rise  in  unit  labor 
  costs.  Real  GDP  is  likely  to  have  picked  up  in  1994,  and  inflation  is 
  estimated  to  have  risen  to  between  5%  and  6%.  The  Turkish  Cypriot 
  economy  has  less  than  one-third  the  per  capita  GDP  of  the  south. 
  Because  it  is  recognized  only  by  Turkey,  it  has  had  much  difficulty 
  arranging  foreign  financing,  and  foreign  firms  have  hesitated  to 
  invest  there  The  economy  remains  heavily  dependent  on  agriculture, 
  which  employs  one-quarter  of  the  work  force.  Moreover,  because  the 
  Turkish  lira  is  legal  tender,  the  Turkish  Cypriot  economy  has  suffered 
  the  same  high  inflation  as  mainland  Turkey.  The  small  vulnerable 
  economy  is  estimated  to  have  experienced  a  sharp  drop  in  growth  during 
  1994  because  of  the  severe  economic  crisis  affecting  the  mainland.  To 
  compensate  for  the  economy's  weakness,  Turkey  provides  direct  and 
  indirect  aid  to  nearly  every  sector;  financial  support  has  risen  in 
  value  to  about  one-third  of  Turkish  Cypriot  GDP. 
 
  National  product: 
  Greek  area:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $7.3  billion  (1994  est.) 
  Turkish  area:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $510  million  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate: 
  Greek  area:  5%  (1994  est.) 
  Turkish  area:  -4%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita: 
  Greek  area:  $12,500  (1994  est.) 
  Turkish  area:  $3,500  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices): 
  Greek  area:  4.8%  (1993) 
  Turkish  area:  63.4%  (1992) 
 
  Unemployment  rate: 
  Greek  area:  2.3%  (1993) 
  Turkish  area:  1.2%  (1992) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  Greek  area  -  $1.8  billion  Turkish  area  -  $285  million 
  expenditures:  Greek  area  -  $2.4  billion,  including  capital 
  expenditures  of  $400  million  Turkish  area  -  $377  million,  including 
  capital  expenditures  of  $80  million  (1995  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $868  million  (f.o.b.,  1993) 
  commodities:  citrus,  potatoes,  grapes,  wine,  cement,  clothing  and 
  shoes 
  partners:  UK  18%,  Greece  9%,  Lebanon  14%,  Germany  6% 
 
  Imports:  $2.6  billion  (f.o.b.,  1993) 
  commodities:  consumer  goods,  petroleum  and  lubricants,  food  and  feed 
  grains,  machinery 
  partners:  UK  13%,  Japan  9%,  Italy  10%,  Germany  8%,  US  8% 
 
  External  debt:  $2.4  billion  (1993) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  0.1%  (1993);  accounts  for  14%  of 
  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  550,000  kW 
  production:  2.3  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  2,903  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  food,  beverages,  textiles,  chemicals,  metal  products, 
  tourism,  wood  products 
 
  Agriculture:  contributes  6%  to  GDP  and  employs  25%  of  labor  force  in 
  the  south;  major  crops  -  potatoes,  vegetables,  barley,  grapes,  olives, 
  citrus  fruits;  vegetables  and  fruit  provide  25%  of  export  revenues 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  transit  point  for  heroin  via  air  routes  and  container 
  traffic  to  Europe,  especially  from  Lebanon  and  Turkey 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $292  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $250  million;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $62  million; 
  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $24  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Cypriot  pound  (#C)  =  100  cents;  1  Turkish  lira  TL  =  100 
  kurus 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Cypriot  pounds  per  $US1  -  0.4725  (January  1995), 
  0.4915  (1994),  0.4970  (1993),  0.4502  (1992),  0.4615  (1991),  0.4572 
  (1990);  Turkish  liras  TL  per  US$1  -  37,444.1  (December  1994), 
  29,608.7  (1994),  10,984.6  (1993),  6,872.4  (1992),  4,171.8  (1991), 
  2,608.6  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Cyprus:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  Greek  area:  ***  No  data  for  this  item  *** 
  total:  10,448  km 
  paved:  5,694  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  crushed  stone,  earth  4,754  km  (1992) 
  Turkish  area:  ***  No  data  for  this  item  *** 
  total:  6,116  km 
  paved:  5,278  km 
  unpaved:  838  km 
 
  Ports:  Famagusta  Kyrenia  Larnaca  Limassol  Vasilikos  Bay 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  1,446  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  22,911,818 
  GRT/39,549,216  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  473,  cargo  530,  chemical  tanker  28,  combination 
  bulk  55,  combination  ore/oil  24,  container  92,  liquefied  gas  tanker  3, 
  multifunction  large-load  carrier  5,  oil  tanker  120,  passenger  5, 
  passenger-cargo  1,  railcar  carrier  1,  refrigerated  cargo  58, 
  roll-on/roll-off  cargo  33,  short-sea  passenger  14,  specialized  tanker 
  2,  vehicle  carrier  2 
  note:  a  flag  of  convenience  registry;  includes  48  countries  among 
  which  are  ships  of  Greece  705,  Germany  174,  Russia  56,  Netherlands  45, 
  Japan  27,  Belgium  25,  UK  21,  Spain  17,  Switzerland  14,  Hong  Kong  13 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  15 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  7 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  4 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
 
  Cyprus:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  210,000  telephones;  excellent  in  both  the  area 
  controlled  by  the  Cypriot  Government  (Greek  area),  and  in  the 
  Turkish-Cypriot  administered  area;  largely  open-wire  and  microwave 
  radio  relay 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  international  service  by  tropospheric  scatter,  3 
  submarine  cables,  and  2  INTELSAT  (1  Atlantic  Ocean  and  1  Indian  Ocean) 
  and  1  EUTELSAT  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  Greek  sector:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  11,  FM  8,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
  Turkish  sector:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  6,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  Greek  sector:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  1  (repeaters  34) 
  televisions:  NA 
  Turkish  sector:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  1 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Cyprus:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches: 
  Greek  area:  Greek  Cypriot  National  Guard  (GCNG;  includes  air  and  naval 
  elements),  Greek  Cypriot  Police 
  Turkish  area:  Turkish  Cypriot  Security  Force 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  188,231;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  129,397;  males  reach  military  age  (18)  annually  5,467  (1995 
  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $457  million,  5.6%  of 
  GDP  (1995) 
 
 
 




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